Category: Venezuela
The KKE responds to the slanderous lies of Carmelo Suárez’s group (Comentario en español)

Wednesday, July 19, 2017

The KKE responds to the slanderous lies of Carmelo Suárez’s group (Comentario en español)

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/07/the-kke-responds-to-slanderous-lies-of.html

The International Relations department of the CC of the KKE issued a statement (commentary) replying to the recent slanderous delirium of the opportunist “Carmelo Suárez faction”. Surpassing all limits, the Suárez faction shamelessly involves a third party (Communist Party of Venezuela) in order to vilify the KKE and the Communist Party of Mexico. 

In a recent article under the title “The declaration of Caracas as a necessity of the historical moment in Venezuela”, the group of C. Suárez unleashes a provocative slanderous attack against the Communist Parties of Greece (KKE) and Mexico (PCM) for not being among the signatories of a random declaration of solidarity towards Venezuela.

However, as the KKE statement points out, the group of Suárez hides the continuous and unwavering internationalist solidarity that Greece’s Communist Party has shown towards the CP of Venezuela and the Venezuelan people. The KKE also slams the opportunist view of Carmelo Suárez’s groups about the “revolutionary process” in Venezuela, reminding that the country’s power remains in the hands of the bourgeoisie and the working class experiences intense exploitation by the capitalists. (IDC) 

* * * 


The original full text of the Inter. Relations department of the KKE, published in spanish language, is the following:

El KKE ha expresado de manera específica y responsable  su posición sobre los acontecimientos en el PCPE, la erosión oportunista-trotskista del grupo de Carmelo Suárez y sus enormes responsabilidades por la crisis y la división en el PCPE. 
 
Nuestro Partido ha puesto de manifiesto que el intento de calumniar el KKE y el Partido Comunista de México que llevan muchos años apoyando el PCPE, es infundado, ridículo y se basa en mentiras (si alguien se interesa puede leer las posiciones relativas en la dirección http://inter.kke.gr/es/articles/Posicion-del-KKE-sobre-los-acontecimientos-en-el-Partido-Comunista-de-los-Pueblos-de-Espana-PCPE/http://inter.kke.gr/es/articles/Las-calumnias-no-pasaran/). 
 
Las consideraciones del KKE se confirman día tras día. El delirio que caracteriza las posiciones del grupo de Carmelo Suárez pretende desorientar y retener a los pocos miembros que pueden todavía observar el curso liquidacionista trágico de este grupo. 
 
Puesto que la actitud aventurera de Carmelo Suárez ha superado todos los límites e implica de manera provocadora a un tercer partido con lo que el KKE mantiene relaciones bilaterales desde hace muchos años, relaciones que se han forjado en condiciones muy difíciles, queremos destacar lo siguiente: 
 
Primero: El KKE ha expresado durante todos los años su solidaridad internacionalista, ha ofrecido su ayuda de manera multiforme a los partidos comunistas que la necesitaban y nuestro partido ha recibido solidaridad internacionalista en condiciones difíciles por decenas de partidos comunistas. 
 
El KKE lleva muchos años apoyando la lucha del Partido Comunista de Venezuela y expresando su solidaridad internacionalista. Recientemente, con diversas intervenciones y actos de protesta en la embajada de Venezuela en Atenas  exigió la detención del proceso de ilegalización del partido hermano en Venezuela. 
 
El KKE de cara al 15Congreso del Partido Comunista de Venezuela envió un cálido mensaje de solidaridad internacionalista, condenando cualquier intervención imperialista y a las fuerzas reaccionarias, y este mensaje también fue silenciado por el grupo de Carmelo Suárez y si alguien se interesa lo puede encontrar en la página http://inter.kke.gr/es/articles/Mensaje-de-Solidaridad-Internacionalista-al-XV-congreso-del-PCV/
 
Sr. Carmelo Suárez.

Nuestro partido dejó claro en Caracas que sería preferible utilizar las decenas de mensajes de solidaridad enviados por Partidos Comunistas y Obreros al Congreso del Partido Comunista de Venezuela y no disminuir la solidaridad en un texto con que no podían ponerse de acuerdo todos los partidos comunistas y que sería apoyado por un número de partidos comunistas mucho menor que de los que enviaron un mensaje de saludo. 

 
Segundo: La posición del grupo de Carmelo Suárez sobre “el proceso revolucionario” en Venezuela no tiene nada que ver con la realidad en este país donde el poder está en manos de la burguesía y la clase obrera está experimentando una intensa explotación por parte de los capitalistas, el sistema de explotación y la política de sus administradores. 
 
De hecho (y esto es muy peligroso) esta actitud incrimina el concepto de la revolución y atribuye los problemas del capitalismo y de la crisis capitalista a un “proceso revolucionario” inexistente y por esta razón es de gran importancia dejar claro que los problemas de la clase obrera en Venezuela, así como en otros países de América Latina, no se provocan por la “Revolución” y el “Socialismo” sino por el capitalismo que genera el desempleo y la pobreza. 
 
En caso diferente, se fomentarán ilusiones peligrosas y se socavará la lucha por el socialismo, por la abolición de la explotación del hombre por el hombre. 
 
A estas ilusiones contribuyen las posiciones del grupo de Carmelo Suárez que analiza los acontecimientos con sus lentes trotskistas.
 
18.07.2017.
How Venezuelan Protests Demonstrate ‘Kiev-Style Maidan’
Anti-government protesters throw stones from a highway overpass at a passing police patrol in Caracas, Venezuela, Monday, April 24, 2017

How Venezuelan Protests Demonstrate ‘Kiev-Style Maidan’

© AP Photo/ Fernando Llano
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In Venezuela, where most of the country’s residents voted against the convening of a constituent assembly in a popular referendum, a pattern similar to that of Maidan in Kiev back in 2014 was seen, according to the head of the Russian Institute for Strategic Studies (RISI) Center for Public Relations Igor Pshenichnikov.

On Sunday, the opposition organized the so-called popular referendum, in which over 98 percent of 7.2 million voters opposed Maduro’s decision to call the Constituent Assembly. The country’s government believes that results of the referendum do not have legal force as only the electoral authorities have the right to hold such events.

“We are seeing a classic Maidan in Venezuela in the same pattern that was conducted by the US in Kiev in 2014,” Pshenichnikov said in a video posted on the RISI website.The expert stressed that the United States is the main cause of unrest in Venezuela. “Due to certain circumstances, the current parliament — the opposition, is completely opposed to Maduro and its main goal is to remove him from power,” Pshenichnikov said.

By removing President Nicolas Maduro from power the United States wants to regain its positions in oil-rich Venezuela.

“This is the root of what is happening and this is the way to consider all the events that are taking place in Venezuela,” he said.

Pshenichnikov noted that since the beginning of April there have been mass protests in the country after the decision of the Supreme Court to severely restrict the power of the National Assembly.

“Had Maduro tried to ban the holding of a referendum, the situation could have gone completely out of control,” the expert said.

However, he noted that only the opposition forces participated in the voting.”We must understand that Venezuela is sliding slowly, but confidently to the brink of a civil war,” Pshenichnikov warned.

Venezuela has been experiencing a period of political instability amid the drastic economic situation in the country. The most recent protests erupted in April after the country’s Supreme Court tried to take over legislative powers from the opposition-controlled National Assembly.

The top court reversed the ruling but the step did not stop mass demonstrations.

In May, Maduro announced his decision to call the National Constituent Assembly, which was regarded by the opposition as an attempted coup and resulted in further escalation of tensions that resulted in the deaths of over 90 people.

Venezuela will hold voting on July 30 to elect the Constitutional Assembly, set to rewrite the constitution as a way out of the political turmoil, which started in January 2016, when a new legislature was elected and relations between Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro and the parliament became strained.

KKE politburo member G.Marinos in Venezuela: “We must walk in the steps of the October Revolution”

Tuesday, July 11, 2017

KKE politburo member G.Marinos in Venezuela: “We must walk in the steps of the October Revolution”

In the 15th Congress of the Communist Party of Venezuela (PCV) which took place between 22 and 25th of June in Caracas, the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) was represented by its Political Bureau member Giorgos Marinos and Dimitris Karagiannis, member of the international relations section of the CC and journalist in ‘Rizospastis’. 

 
On June 21st, the PCV organised the 2nd International Ideological Seminar with the subject being “The timeliness of Lenin in the 100 years of the Great Socialist Revolution”, in which 18 Communist and Workers Parties participated.
 
What follows is the speech by Giorgos Marinos, reproduced from inter.kke.gr:
We honour the 100th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution, of the world-historic event of international significance, which demonstrated that capitalism is not invincible. The working class, the leading class of society with its allies have the strength to overthrow capitalism and construct the socialist society.
Whatever the supporters and apologists of capitalism do, they cannot erase the fact that this system has already entered a course of degeneration and decay, is becoming more reactionary and dangerous, is identified with the poverty of millions, with unemployment and capitalist crises.
Whatever the apologists of the system do, they cannot conceal the fact that two world imperialist wars were created by capitalism, as well as hundreds of local and regional wars and today we see the danger of a generalized military conflict.
The persecutions against communists and militant workers cannot stop the forward march of history. Social development does not stop, it is an objective process where the new social relations and the leading classes that express them in the class struggle, the motor force of history, overthrow the old social relations.
However painful the consequences of the counterrevolution are, the Leninist position is still of great importance: “We have made the start. When, at what date and time, and the proletarians of which nation will complete this process is not important. The important thing is that the ice has been broken; the road is open, the way has been shown.”
We struggle in the conditions of monopoly capitalism, imperialism, with its basic characteristic being the dominance of the monopolies, which are the product of the concentration and centralization of capital.
At the end of the 19th century, Marx and Engels had already noted in Capital that the “centralization of the means of production and socialization of labour at last reach a point where they become incompatible with their capitalist integument. Thus integument is burst asunder. The knell of capitalist private property sounds. The expropriators are expropriated.”
This is the great necessity. The abolition of private capitalist ownership that negates the potential for all the workers to live in conditions that correspond to their increasing human needs, with work, free time, housing, high level exclusively public and free education, health, welfare, culture, sports.
The necessity of socialism flows from the sharpening of the basic contradiction of system, the contradiction between the social character of production and labour and the capitalist appropriation of the results. Our era is the era of transition from capitalism to socialism and this has historical and international dimensions.
However, as the experience from the class struggle teaches us, despite the fact that the material conditions for the new society mature under capitalism, for there to be a change of system there must be a socialist revolution.
This revolution requires the creation of a revolutionary situation that is defined according to Lenin by the following factors:
  • Those “above” (the ruling class of the capitalists) cannot govern and run the administration as they did in the past.
  • Those “below” (the working class and the popular strata) do not want to live as they did in the past.
  • An extraordinary rise in the activity of masses is observed.
The appearance of such a favourable situation has an objective character, but each revolutionary situation must be combined with the revolutionary uprising of the working class, led by the CP, its conscious vanguard, which must be equipped with the Marxist-Leninist worldview and be capable of leading the socialist revolution.
Despite the fact that it cannot be predicted when and how the revolutionary situation will manifest itself, historical experience highlighted the manifestation of a deep and synchronized capitalist crisis, combined with the outbreak of an imperialist war as being important factors.
The course of the Bolsheviks to the victorious October revolution passed through the “fire” of the harsh persecutions of the Tsarist absolutist state, of the strike and other tough conflicts connected to the revolution of 1905, which despite its defeat was a trial that contributed to the preparation of the oppressed for the victory of the revolution.
The Soviets were born in the revolution of 1905, the seeds of workers’ power.
In this period, Lenin assessed that the revolution should establish a temporary revolutionary government, the “democratic dictatorship of the proletariat and peasantry”, for the convening of the constituent assembly, universal voting rights, agricultural reforms etc. This power would eradicate the vestiges of Tsarism and would spark the proletarian revolution in the advanced capitalist Western Europe.
The entrance of Russia in the 1st World War sharpened the social contradictions. The defeats of the Russian army at the front, the loss of territories caused significant discontent, not only amongst the workers and peasants who were suffering due to the destruction of war, but also amongst the bourgeois class of Russia.
The plans of the bourgeoisie to overthrow the Tsar were combined with major popular mobilizations and strikes, which were carried out in February 1917, as a result of the rapid intensification of the social problems. The formation of a revolutionary situation, the mass political activity of the workers and peasants organized in the Soviets, the disintegration of the army, led in the end to the revolutionary overthrow of the Tsar.
The Provisional Democratic Government was established by representatives of the bourgeois liberal parties of Russia and constituted an organ of bourgeois power. At the same time,however, the mass political struggle of the workers and peasants brought to the surface the organization of the armed masses that participated in the overthrow of the Tsar via the Soviets.
The Mensheviks and the SRs dominated the Soviets in this period and supported the Provisional Democratic Government. This situation was characterized by Lenin as being “dual power”.
Lenin studied the February revolution, assessed that power had passed into the hands of the bourgeois class and that the bourgeois-democratic revolution had been completed and with the “April Theses” he adjusted the strategy of the Bolsheviks for the overthrow of bourgeois power and the socialist revolution.
The adaptation of the tactics, the slogans to the needs of strategy and of the revolutionary struggle led Lenin to withdraw the slogan “All power to the Soviets” in July 1917, when the repression of the Provisional Government had escalated and brought it back in September when the Bolsheviks had won the majority in the Soviets of Moscow and Petrograd, giving it new content, as a slogan for the overthrow of the Provisional Government and the revolutionary uprising.
The decisiveness of Lenin and those from the leadership of the Bolsheviks who supported his positions led in the end to the victorious socialist revolution on October 25 (November 7, according to the new calendar) 1917.
We must underline the decisive importance of the important events and political choices, such as:
  • The separation of the Bolsheviks from the Mensheviks at the 2nd Congress (1903), the formation of a separate party (1912), the intense constant struggle against opportunism.
  • The systematic theoretical efforts for the development of the strategic view of the Bolshevik party for the socialist revolution that matured in the difficult conditions of the 1905-1917 period.
  • The tireless efforts for the preparation of the subjective factor, the party, the working class and its allies.
  • The consistent communist stance against imperialist war and the tireless struggle against the bourgeois class in all conditions.
  • The prediction of the changes in the correlation of forces and the correct decisions gave the Bolsheviks the initiative.
A decisive contribution for the formation of the strategy of the socialist revolution was provided by the study of capitalism in Tsarist Russia, of the characteristics of monopoly capitalism-imperialism (in the work “Imperialism, the highest stage of capitalism”), of the stance towards the bourgeois state and the character of workers’ power, i.e. the dictatorship of the proletariat (“State and Revolution”) and other valuable works.
These elaborations highlighted the potential for the socialization of the concentrated means of production in the era of monopoly capitalism and also the potential created by uneven economic-political development and the sharpening of the inter-imperialist contradictions in order for the weakest link in the imperialist chain to break and for the efforts for socialist construction in one country or in a group of countries to begin.
Soviet power paved the way for the abolition of capitalist relations of production and this was what dealt with the intense problems of the workers (land, bread, peace) and not bourgeois power or some form of “intermediate” power, which in reality cannot exist.
Giorgos Marinos (Archive Photo).
The October Revolution confirmed the leading role of the revolutionary communist party, the need to rally the working class against the power of capital, the need to draw the poor peasantry and the other middle strata to the revolution, and to render other sections neutral. The historically outdated and reactionary character of the bourgeois class, the necessity of not participating or supporting a government in the framework of capitalism, the non-existence of transitional forms of power between capitalism and socialism, the need to smash the bourgeois state.
The October Revolution led to the building of another superior society, with as its basic characteristic the abolition of the exploitation of man by man.
The right to work and the eradication of unemployment were secured in the USSR. The foundations were laid for the abolition of discrimination against women. Science developed very rapidly. Free education at all levels, free high-quality health-care for all the people, and universal access to culture and sports were ensured. Institutions were created that would safeguard the substantial participation of the workers in building the new society.
This was a historically significant leap in conditions of the backwardness of pre-revolutionary Russia in comparison to the powerful capitalist states, in conditions of imperialist encirclement and pressure, with the grave consequences from the 1st and 2nd World Wars, in the latter the USSR made the decisive contribution to the defeat of fascism, with 20 million dead and enormous material destruction.
Socialist construction in the USSR was not free of problems. Until the Second World War, in the USSR the struggle for the development of the communist relations of production, the abolition of wage labour and the dominance of the socialized sector of production on the basis of Central Planning was generally successful.
After the Second World War, socialist construction faced new challenges and demands that were interpreted as inevitable weaknesses existing in the nature of central planning and not as a result of the contradictions of the survival of the old, as a result of the mistakes of the non-scientifically elaborated plan.
Thus, instead of seeking a solution towards the invigoration and expansion of the communist relations of production and distribution, it was sought backwards, i.e. in the exploitation of tools and production relations of capitalism. The solution was sought in the expansion of the market, in “market socialism”.
The 20th CPSU Congress (1956) stands out as a turning point because in that, with the vehicle being the so-called “personality cult”, a series of opportunist positions were adopted on the issues of the communist movement strategy, while the central management of the economy was weakened.
A few years later, beginning with the so-called “Kosygin reforms” (1965), the bourgeois category of “business profit” of each individual production unit was adopted and the wages of managers and workers were linked to it.
The individual interest was strengthened at the expense of the social interest and the communist consciousness was damaged. The so-called “shadow capital” emerged that sought its legal function as capital in production, the restoration of capitalism. Its (the capital’s) owners constituted the driving force of the counter-revolution.
In about the same period, the Marxist-Leninist perception about the workers’ state was also revised. The 22nd Congress of the CPSU (1961) described the USSR state as an “all-people’s” state and the CPSU as an “all-people’s party”.These positions led to the mutation of the revolutionary characteristics and social composition of the party. The transformation of the CPSU’s opportunist degeneration into an open counter-revolutionary force was manifested by the policy of “Perestroika” and “Glasnost”.
The KKE tried all these years to study the contemporary developments, to draw conclusions from the historical experience of the class struggle in Greece and internationally and, at the same time, to deepen and expand its militant ties with the working class and the popular strata. It tries not to detach the daily struggle from the main revolutionary political task of overthrowing the power of capital
he KKE has charted a modern revolutionary strategy increases its ability to organize leading sites of resistance and counterattack in every sector of the economy, every large workplace, in every region of the country,with an anti-capitalist/anti-monopoly line of struggle, to prepare the working class and people in the instance of an imperialist war.
The ideological-political and organizational strengthening of the KKE, which was an important issue at the recent 20th Congress of the Party, constitutes a prerequisite for the promotion of its revolutionary policy.
An integral part of the KKE’s contemporary strategy is its programmatic perception on the socialist character of the revolution. Socialist construction begins with the revolutionary conquest of power by the working class. The workers’ state, the dictatorship of the proletariat, is an instrument of the working class in the class struggle which continues in socialism with other forms and means. It is utilized for the planned development of the new social relations, which presupposes the suppression of the counter-revolutionary efforts, but also the development of the communist consciousness of the working class. The qualitatively new feature of workers’ power is the transformation of the workplace into the core of society’s organization.
The Programme of the KKE states:
The concentrated means of production are socialized, but initially there remain forms of individual and group ownership that constitute the basis for the existence of commodity-money relation. Forms of productive cooperatives are formed, where the level of the forces of production still does not allow the socialization of the means of production. The forms of group ownership consist a transitional form of ownership, between the private and the social one, and not an immature form of communist relations.
On the basis of social ownership of the centralized means of production, the central planning of the economy develops as a communist relation that connects all the producers.
At the same time, the KKE struggles for the regroupment of the international communist movement, according to the principles of proletarian internationalism, the internationalist solidarity of the people against capitalism and imperialist war, which is expressed in the slogan “Workers of all countries unite!”.Its supports the efforts for the creation of a distinct pole based on the principles of Marxism-Leninism , through the “International Communist Review” and the European Communist Initiative.
The study of the experience of the October Revolution and the events that will be held will be effective to the extent that the communist movement stands up and fights against the negative correlation of forces, examining in a strict way and changing the line of intermediate stages and the so-called leftwing governments. This step will contribute decisively to the adaptation of the strategy of the CPs to the character of our era, the era of the transition from capitalism to socialism, which also determines the socialist character of the revolution.
The struggle for the revolutionary overthrow of capitalism, for the socialist revolution must leave its imprint on the everyday activity, political line of every CP so that they play the leading role in organizing the working class, to preparing it to meet the challenges of the class struggle.
This year, 100 years after the Great October Revolution, we must intensify our efforts to strengthen the struggle for the revolutionary regroupment of the international communist movement.
The October Revolution, the construction of socialism in the USSR and the painful experience from the counterrevolution highlights the need for a revolutionary strategy and the strict observance of the laws of socialist construction, for workers’ power, the socialization of the means of production, central planning and workers’-social control. This is the basis for the abolition of the exploitation of man by man, in opposition to the caricatures and arbitrary fantasies about “21st Century Socialism” and “Market Socialism” which are features of the counterrevolution and function within the the framework of capitalism.
The communist movement has a great history and has made a significant contribution to the abolition of exploitation and today must learn from history, must be guided by our worldview and what Marx and Engels wrote in 1848 remains very relevant:
“The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims. They openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions. Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Workers of All Countries, Unite!”
 
We thank the CP of Venezuela and we wish it every success in its Congress. The KKE has always stood unwaveringly at the side of the CP of Venezuela and continues on this path. Our party denounces the imperialist interventions and expresses its internationalist solidarity with the working class, the people of Venezuela and the other countries of Latin America. The interests of the working class lie in strengthening its struggle against the bourgeois class and the capitalist shackles, in fighting for worker’s power and to become the owners of the wealth they produce, in constructing socialism-communism.
Stolen Police Helicopter Attacks Venezuela Supreme Court

http://www.telesurtv.net/english/news/Stolen-Police-Helicopter-Attacks-Venezuela-Supreme-Court-20170627-0031.html

Stolen Police Helicopter Attacks Venezuela Supreme Court

  • Oscar Alberto Perez has been identified as pilot who stole helicopter.

    Oscar Alberto Perez has been identified as pilot who stole helicopter.

Published 27 June 2017 (3 hours 31 minutes ago)

The top court’s building in northern Caracas was sealed off after the national guard repelled the attack, avoiding civilian deaths.

A helicopter from the Venezuela’s Scientific, Penal and Criminal Investigations agency was stolen Tuesday evening, circled around the Supreme Court building, firing shots toward the building, followed by two explosions which were said to be grenades, according to official sources.

IN DEPTH:
Diplomatic War Against Venezuela

The top court’s building in northern Caracas was sealed off after the national guard repelled the attack, which occurred around 5 p.m. local time.

A banner was unfurled from the helicopter that read, “350 Libertad,” in reference to article 350 of the Bolivarian Constitution that opposition forces are attempting to invoke to stop the National Constituent Assembly.

The Minister of Communication and Information Ernesto Villegas denounced the armed attack, identifying Oscar Alberto Perez as the pilot who shot 15 times at the Interior Ministry, where 80 people were still at work. He then headed to the TSJ, throwing four grenades in total, where a session of the Constitutional Court was taking place. Perez is said to be an inspector with the CICPC and took off from the La Carlota airbase with the stolen helicopter.

Villegas reiterated that “these types of terrorist attacks will not detain the Constituent Assembly due on July 30.”

Despite rumors to the contrary, all was calm in the capital area after the attacks, according to media reports from teleSUR.

President Nicolas Maduro said that because of the rapid reaction to the coup attempt by Venezuelan forces, many civilian lives were saved as grenades and shots rang out near the Supreme Court building as well as the Interior Ministry building.

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“The entire air defense and detection plan was immediately activated to guarantee the people’s right to peace against an armed attack,” he added.

“I condemn this terrorist attack and demand that the MUD condemn this attack,” he said.

“We are going to capture the person responsible for this terrorist act,” Maduro said, indicating that the pilot works for Miguel Rodriguez Torres, who is being investigated for confessed ties to the DEA and CIA.

Supreme Court President Maikel Moreno said that damages to the building were being assessed and said the court would release a statement tomorrow.

Maduro: Helicopter threw grenades at Venezuela’s Supreme Court

http://www.dw.com/en/maduro-helicopter-threw-grenades-at-venezuelas-supreme-court/a-39447537

Maduro: Helicopter threw grenades at Venezuela’s Supreme Court

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro says a chopper has fired on the country’s Supreme Court in Caracas, describing it as a “terror attack.” Earlier, he threatened war against any US-backed coup attempt by his opponents.

Hours after warning that he was prepared to enter a full-scale conflict to resolve the country’s months-long political crisis, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro said on Tuesday a police helicopter had attacked the Supreme Court building in Caracas.

Speaking on state TV, the 54-year-old president said the chopper fired on the offices and launched grenades in a “terror attack”. He said one of the grenades didn’t explode.

Maduro appeared to claim that the incident was part of a conspiracy to destabilize his socialist government and said he had activated the country’s air defense in response.

The Venezuelan news site CarotaDigital tweeted a video that purported to show a helicopter flying over the city, followed by the sound of several shots.

DW correspondent in Caracas, Oscar Schlenker, confirmed the attack and described seeing a chopper flown by what he said were the police and military, opening fire on the Supreme Court building.

Maduro warns of war

Earlier in the day, Maduro gave a speech to supporters warning that he was prepared to take up arms to defend his country from any US-backed coup attempt from his political opponents.

“If Venezuela were to be plunged into chaos and violence … we would go to combat. We would never give up, and what couldn’t be done with votes, we would do with weapons, we would liberate the fatherland with weapons,” he said.

Read more: US calls for international action on Venezuela’s ‘tragic situation’

Read more: South American nations divided on Venezuela crisis

Maduro’s comments were aimed partly at his political opponents, who have taken to the streets over the past three months to protest his leadership. But they also targeted US President Donald Trump, who Maduro claims is backing the oil-rich country’s opposition to oust him.

Refugee crisis

Addressing Trump, he warned of a massive refugee crisis for the US in the event of the “destruction” of Venezuela.

“You would have to build 20 walls in the sea, a wall from Mississippi to Florida, from Florida to New York, it would be crazy …” before reminding the US leader that “you are responsible for restraining the madness of the Venezuelan right-wing.”

Venezuela Proteste gegen Maduro in Caracas (Reuters/I. Alvarado) Almost daily protests against Maduro’s government have forced a tough response from security forces

Maduro has called a national election for July 30 to win support for the appointment of a new super-body to rewrite the country’s constitution without interference from the opposition-controlled congress.

His opponents have described the poll as a sham and are instead calling for the next presidential election, due in late 2018, to be brought forward.

They say Maduro, who became president in 2013 following the death of longtime leader Hugo Chavez, is a dictator, who has presided over a deep economic crisis. Despite having the world’s largest oil reserves, Venezuela has recently seen triple digit inflation that has caused food and medicine shortages.

Protests leave scores dead

Daily street protests against Maduro’s leadership have regularly turned violent, leaving some 75 people dead, according to figures from the chief prosecutor’s office.

The latest standoff on Tuesday saw clashes had take place inside and outside the national assembly building in Caracas, a few hundred meters from the Supreme Court.

DW’s Oscar Schlenker reported that small improvised explosives and fireworks had been detonated as some demonstrators tried to enter the building. Some politicians were trapped inside.

Another journalist, Alberto Rodriquez tweeted footage of the National Guard bursting into the national assembly building, resulting in a confrontation with lawmakers.

Elsewhere, almost 70 stores looted and several government offices set alight in the city of Maracay, west of the capital. Some 216 people were arrested.

Read more: Protester set on fire dies amid Venezuela unrest

Read more: Venezuelan attorney general faces charges for defying President Nicolas Maduro

Venezuela’s worsening crisis has led to the intervention of the chief state prosecutor Luisa Ortega and the country’s former intelligence service boss Miguel Rodriguez.

Ortega has filed legal challenges against Maduro’s plan for constitutional reform, alleging it is a threat to democracy and human rights.

At a news conference on Tuesday, Rodriguez criticized Maduro for not holding a referendum on changing the constitution first.

Venezuela’s Maduro Denounces ‘Imperialist Coup’ Plot

http://www.telesurtv.net/english/news/Venezuelas-Maduro-Denounces-Imperialist-Coup-Plot-20170624-0022.html

Venezuela’s Maduro Denounces ‘Imperialist Coup’ Plot

  • Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro (L) and a Venezuelan soldier (R).

    Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro (L) and a Venezuelan soldier (R). | Photo: Twitter / @PresidencialVen

“We have contained and defeated the oligarchic, imperialist coup that was being planned against Venezuela this week,” Maduro said.

On Saturday, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro denounced a plan by sectors of the right-wing opposition to activate and justify an intervention in that country.

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“We have contained and defeated the oligarchic, imperialist coup that was being planned against Venezuela this week,” Maduro said.

“The homeland is already at peace.”

During an event held at the Military Academy’s Honor Patio located in Fort Tiuna, Caracas in commemoration of the 196th anniversary of the Battle of Carabobo, the Venezuelan president explained that the plan consisted of several stages in a chain of events that transpired from last Monday until this Saturday.

The plan, according to Maduro, involved increased acts of violence to provoke deaths, commotion in the east of the capital and the betrayal of a group of soldiers who called for a coup to justify a process of intervention were part of that agenda. He stressed that the plan was neutralized by the country’s executive branch.

“From the high military political command we’ve been in session and permanent activity to cut the chain of coup events,” Maduro said.

“Today, 196 years after Carabobo, we’ve contained, we’ve unveiled and we’re defeating the imperialist coup and our country is at peace,” he emphasized.

The head of state also highlighted Venezuela’s victory of peace and truth before the interventionist actions promoted by the Organization of American States.

Maduro also reported that Venezuelan authorities detected a center of operations managed by opposition sectors that sought to perpetrate a sabotage of the National Electoral Council’s computer mainframe. The purpose was to prevent the holding of elections for the National Constituent Assembly on July 30.

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