Category: struggle for socialism
The USA, European Union and Ukraine denied to condemn Nazism at the UN General Assembly

Sunday, November 19, 2017

The USA, European Union and Ukraine denied to condemn Nazism at the UN General Assembly

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/11/the-usa-european-union-and-ukraine.html
Hiding behind the pretext of “freedom of speech”, the United States– accompanied by Ukrainevoted against a resolution condemning the glorification of Nazism introduced to the Third Committee of the U.N. General Assembly by the Russian Federation. 
 
The resolution was approved by a recorded vote of 125 in favor to 2 against, with 51 abstentions. 
 
Among the abstentions are the countries of the European Union (including Greece), Australia, Japan, New Zealand, Turkey and Libya. 
Following the draft’s introduction, the United States representative proposed an amendment to the text that would change all sections deemed to violate- according to the US- individual freedoms of speech, thought, expression and association. The amendment was rejected by a recorded vote of 81 against, to 3 in favour (Israel, Ukraine, United States), with 73 abstentions.
Speaking after the draft, as a whole, was approved by a vote of 125 in favour to 2 against (Ukraine, United States), with 51 abstentions, several States commended efforts to combat Nazism, yet expressed concern over the scope of the draft.  
 
Showing the EU’s hypocrisy, Estonia’s delegate, on behalf of the European Union, said all contemporary forms of racism should be addressed in an impartial manner! We must remember that the government of Estonia- like other Baltic countries- have a leading role in glorifying Nazism during the last years, by honoring the Waffen-SS, organizing anticommunist fiestas and distorting history under the auspices of the European Union. 
 
No matter how hard they try to distort history, to glorify Nazism-Fascism and vilify Socialism-Communism, the historical truth is one and only: The Soviet Red Army and the peoples’ antifascist resistance crushed Nazism in WW2.
 
US Role in 1960s Indonesia Anti-Communist Massacre Revealed
Indonesia elite troops parade in Bandung, June 1966. The red caps are paratroopers in red berets.

US Role in 1960s Indonesia Anti-Communist Massacre Revealed

© AP Photo/ Horst Faas
Asia & Pacific

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Thirty thousand pages of files have been released on US activities in Indonesia during the archipelago’s gory transition from a socialist dictatorship to a pro-West military dictatorship in the mid-60s. The documents confirm that Washington was aware of, and supported, the military takeover of the government and purge of communist opponents.

The anti-communist purges in 1965 and 1966 were horrific, described by the CIA as “one of the worst mass murders of the 20th century.” Between 400,000 and 1 million accused leftists were killed, with some estimates going as far as to place the figure at 3 million.

It has long been known that the US and allied governments supported the 1965 military takeover. The US embassy, as well as the CIA, have been accused of providing weapons, economic assistance, and training to Suharto’s forces as well as lists of names of 5,000 communists. The embassy asserted in 1990 that the list in question was compiled by a single official acting on his own direction, and scholars debated whether or not the US helped facilitate the mass killings.

One of the newly released cables came from the embassy’s first secretary, Mary Vance Trent, who told Washington about a “fantastic switch which has occurred over 10 short weeks” that saw an estimated 100,000 people slaughtered.

A particularly shocking 1966 cable from CIA officer Edward Masters discussed the “problem” of captured communist prisoners. “Many provinces appear to be successfully meeting this problem by executing their [communist] prisoners, or killing them before they are captured, a task in which Muslim youth groups are providing assistance,” Masters reportedly said.

The documents were compiled in 2001 by the US State Department and subsequently classified, only to be released today. “We frankly do not know whether the real figure is closer to 100,000 or 1,000,000,” read an April 1966 cable attached to the 2001 report.

US Senator Tom Udall (D-NM), who introduced a bill in 2015 calling for the declassification of all US documents related to the matter as well as Indonesia to create a truth and reconciliation committee on the massacre, praised the release of documents. “These documents will provide greater transparency about the United States’ support for the Indonesian government during the same period that these horrible crimes were committed,” Udall said in a statement.

“Today represents real progress. But in Indonesia, many of the individuals behind these murders continue to live with impunity, and the victims and their descendants continue to be marginalized and unrecognized. These injustices are holding back Indonesia from achieving reconciliation and realizing its democratic potential. Here in the United States, we must encourage the continued democratic progress of a vital ally, and we must confront our own role in these terrible acts. Only by acknowledging the truth about our own history will the United States be able to speak out forcibly and credibly to defend human rights in the future.”

Indonesia, which had been a loose colony of the Netherlands for centuries, declared their independence in August 1945 and created the modern state of Indonesia, with the socialist and anti-imperialist Sukarno as the new nation’s first president. Sukarno attempted to balance the military, political Islam and communism in a policy called “Nasakom” and was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement with other formerly colonized countries like Egypt and India.

But over time, Sukarno favored his communist allies more, especially those abroad in China and the Soviet Union. Poverty and hunger besieged the world’s third largest communist country, and Indonesia accrued huge debts to Beijing and Moscow. Sukarno also cracked down on Islamists and attempted to weaken the society’s military elements through measures like the creation of a communist-aligned peasant militia.

After a failed coup against Sukarno in September 1965 that the military blamed on the Indonesian communist party and Chinese actors, the nation quickly dissolved into a brief but extremely bloody purge. The military and Islamists allied to annihilate Sukarno’s regime, slaughtering the communist party’s leadership. The documents also suggested that the US embassy had credible evidence that the coup was not orchestrated by the communists — later analysis would question the Indonesian military’s claim, and the culprits and motivation behind the coup attempt remain under dispute.

The rebellion’s leader, Major General Suharto, seized control of the presidency and placed Sukarno under house arrest, where he died in 1970 of kidney failure. Suharto would remain the nation’s US-friendly military dictator until he was forced to resign in 1998.

The legacy of the massacre remains complicated in Indonesia. School textbooks briefly discuss a “patriotic campaign,” a national uprising where 80,000 communist oppressors were killed. A 2016 symposium meant to discuss the tragedy was met with severe backlash, and in September 2017 an anti-communist mob disrupted a meeting of activists to discuss the massacre.

Indonesia massacres: Declassified US files shed new light

Indonesia massacres: Declassified US files shed new light
Relatives visit the site that is believed to be the burial ground for victims of a 1965 massacreImage copyright EPA
Image caption Relatives visit a site believed to be the burial ground for victims

The US knew people were being “delivered for slaughter” during a political purge in Indonesia during the 1960s, declassified documents reveal.

At least 500,000 people were killed between 1965 and 1966, after the army and local Muslim militia went on a rampage following an attempted coup.

It was one of the worst massacres of the 20th Century, but, at the time, Washington remained silent.

But these newly released memos reveal they had detailed knowledge of events.

The documents show US staff describing them in telegrams as “slaughter” and at times “indiscriminate killings”, exposing an intimate knowledge of the Indonesian army’s operations to “completely clean up” the Communist Party and leftist groups.

It is thought as many as three million could have lost their lives within a year.

Young people stood outside an hotel in Indonesia with a military armoured vehicle on stand byImage copyright Getty Images
Image caption The events of 1965-66 have been taboo for over 50 years in Indonesia

The violence – which was a taboo topic in Indonesia for almost 50 years and remains extremely sensitive even today – was unleashed after communists were accused of killing six generals at the end of September 1965.

It was the peak of the Cold War, and the struggle for power between the Communists, the military and Islamist groups was in full swing.

‘Delivered for slaughter’

Five decades later, the contents of the US telegrams are chilling.

According to one from US embassy staff in East Java, dated 28 December 1965, “victims are taken out of populous areas before being killed and bodies are buried rather than thrown in river” as they had been previously.

The telegram says prisoners suspected of being communists are also “being delivered to civilians for slaughter”.

Another document compiled by the US embassy’s first secretary, dated 17 December 1965, was a detailed list of the communist leaders across the country and whether they had been arrested or killed.

But the documents also make for uncomfortable reading for Indonesia’s biggest and most powerful Muslim organisations.

Young people holding flags with Arabic inscriptionsImage copyright Getty Images
Image caption Muslim students in Jakarta demanding a ban of communist groups in 1965

A December 1965 cable from the US consulate in Medan in Sumatra said that Muhammadiyah preachers were telling people it was a religious obligation to “kill suspected communists”. They were the lowest order of infidel, “the shedding of whose blood is comparable to killing chicken”, the report said.

The US cable said this was being interpreted as a “wide licence for killing”.

Another telegram notes that people with no connection to the Communist Party were being killed by the youth arm of Nahdlatul Ulama because of “personal feuds”.

Breaking the silence

Brad Simpson, founder and director of the Indonesia and East Timor documentation project, pushed for the files’ release

“These documents show in great detail just how aware US officials were of how many people were being killed,” said Mr Simpson, noting “the US stance at the time was silence”.

Human Rights Watch researcher Andreas Harsono also says his extensive research has found no public comments from the US government at the time about the killings.

Mr Simpson said there was growing public interest in Indonesia to know the truth after years of state anti-communism propaganda.

Oscar-nominated film The Act of KillingImage copyright Kevin Winter
Image caption Oscar-nominated film The Act of Killing re-enacted the mass executions

“Indonesians can now read for themselves and learn about these important events in Indonesian history as part of a larger struggle for justice and accountability,” he said.

The 39 formerly classified documents come from a collection of files, daily records and memos from the US embassy in Jakarta during the period 1964-1968.

They have been released by the National Declassification Centre, a division of the US government’s National Archives and Records Administration. More documents, including CIA files, are set to be released later this year.

Revisiting the violence

Lieutenant General Agus Widjojo’s father was one of the Indonesian generals killed in the alleged communist coup.

When the BBC showed Gen Widjojo the documents released on Tuesday, he said: “I cannot say anything to justify or reject what is explained in these documents, but basically the tragedy of 1965 was a struggle for power between the Communist Party and the army.”

He denied knowledge of reports in the US memos about ethnic Chinese being killed in the violence and their businesses being burnt down.

“I have no knowledge that the violence went as far as that, the intensity of the violence and the atrocities I have no first-hand witness or information,” he said.

But he believes the country needs to go through a truth-telling process.

After 50 years, the Indonesian government is going to investigate one of the worst massacres of the 20th Century.

“We should bring all parties concerned together to share their experiences but there must be one condition – the victims, they have to be at peace, they have to move on and see in reflection the tragedy of 1965 from the point of view of Indonesia in 2017.”

He says Indonesian society, including his own institution, the military, is not ready to openly discuss the killings. Attempts at holding seminars to mark the anniversary of the killings last month were shut down by violent demonstrations from right-wing groups.

A 2012 Oscar-nominated documentary, The Act of Killing, is among a list of films about the killings banned in Indonesia.

“We are not looking for a situation to reopen the wounds, we are looking for a situation to heal the wounds and to move on,” he said., “We would like to focus on what went wrong as a society that we were able to conduct such violence and such killings in such large numbers in such a short time.”

Reporting by the BBC’s Rebecca Henschke in Jakarta.

 

D. Koutsoumbas: “We continue on the road opened by the October Socialist Revolution. For the victory, for Socialism – Communism”

Friday, September 29, 2017

D. Koutsoumbas: “We continue on the road opened by the October Socialist Revolution. For the victory, for Socialism – Communism”

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/09/d-koutsoumbas-we-continue-on-road.html
Speech by the Secretary General of the CC of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) Dimitris Koutsoumbas in the political event of the 43rd KNE-Odigitis Festival in Athens. Source: inter.kke.gr:
“Friends and comrades,
The future is here! The future is here, at the 43rd festival of KNE and ODIGITIS, in this beautiful picture of the enlightened future world which all visitors can admire.
The future is here, in the Tritsi park, in the center of the western Attica, which has been transformed into a red city thanks to the volunteer work and will of our KNE’s members and friends.
You can see the future in the faces of the thousands of young people who are determined to fight for a life with modern rights to work, education, life,  sports and culture. That’s the origin of our slogan, “Youth does not bow its head, it attacks and struggles alongside the KKE!”
The young people’s hearts beat here these three days and this is a proof that  the festival –the unique political and cultural event for the youth- continues to be a meeting spot  a place for thousands of young people to explore and have fun. It enhances itself as the years pass.
The festival reminds us of the “Tree” one of Manos Loizos’ songs that we are going to listen to at the concert in a short while. It’s a tree that never bends, a tree that keeps growing with dozens of events in different cities, islands, neighborhoods and villages in our country.
This year, thousands of young people heard our message, that we have to take measures in order for the future to come in order for young people to take the place they deserve in the workers’ movement, in the social alliance which will crush the exploiters of the peoples.
The future is here! We honor the great October Socialist Revolution, the monumental  event of the 20th century  which paved the way 100 years ago. Now the working class and the peoples of the world can get prepared in order to make the 21st century the century of the final victory of the ‘new’ against the ‘old’, in order to make history and conquer the future of socialism and communism.
The future lies in the revolutionary, unique political  position of  the KKE .  Thanks to the tireless and vanguard work of the youth’s members and friends thousands of workers and young people get in touch with this position every day!
History isn’t over! Earth will finally turn into red! Red out of life! We believe in it! We fight for it every day! Our weapon is our 100-year history of the ΚΚΕ, its revolutionary program  and  the  resolutions of its 20th Congress.
Our Congress confirmed that our party is politically and ideologically united. It confirmed the decisiveness of our cadres and members of KNE and KKE   to make the KKE stronger, to make it more capable of  fighting for the regroupment of the labor movement. Make it more capable to build the social alliance in an anticapitalist, antimonopoly direction. Make it more capable of fighting against the imperialist wars,  for  workers’ power, for socialism.
The October Socialist Revolution paved the way 100 years ago in Russia.  As Lenin said “We have made the start. When, at what date and time, and the proletarians of which nation will complete this process is not important. The important thing is that the ice has been broken; the road is open, the way has been shown”.
Since these days of October, we passed definitively to the era of the overthrow of capitalism, to the era of socialist revolutions.  This happens independently of the setbacks, the new  difficulties in the correlation of class forces.
We ask young people to search, to ask, to learn about communists’ action. Also, to read and study about the days that shook the world, about the October Revolution and discover all that is hidden about USSR.
We ask young people to see beyond all the slander and falsification about Socialism that was built in the 20th century. We ask young people to wonder why anti-communism is so intense, why do they care that much every single day on the media, the radio, they even write books, organize events about socialism that, as they say, failed and collapsed?
Why do they insist to write and  talk about it? Why do the keep attacking a system that they like to call obsolete and inapplicable?
We recommend that young people read “Bolsheviks’ way to victory”. In 1914 the Party of the Bolsheviks had already (later on Communist Party) opposed betrayal of social democracy that supported Ist WW.
 Bolsheviks did not support bourgeois government. Nor that formed by the February Revolution of 1917, overthrowing the Czar. With the struggle of the Bolsheviks, it became possible for the poor peasants and soldiers to ally with the revolutionary vanguard of the working class.
Under these conditions, in October 1917 they made the socialist revolution. Under these conditions, they were theoretically, ideologically, organizationally prepared in the harsh class conflicts and won when conditions of revolutionary situation were created. In conditions when vast masses of workers, peasants, soldiers, turned their backs to the bourgeoisie that weakened and was defeated in the final confrontation.

The workers who produced the wealth became its owners.

The country came out of the imperialist war.

The 8 hour working day, social security, free healthcare, unemployment were established, unemployment was finally eliminated.

Millions of acres of landowners passed into the hands of the Soviets, of the workers and peasants.

General education became compulsory and free, illiteracy was abolished.

Women’s inequality was eliminated in family law, voting rights, the way for right to work, for  participation in  social action was opened.

All the nations of the multinational Russia of that time acquired the same rights.

The Soviet Union contributed decisively to smashing  the Nazi-fascist war machine with 20 million dead, with 1,700 cities and 70,000 villages destroyed by the troops of Hitler.

In this titanic struggle for socialism, Communist Parties in all countries, members, cadres, leaders in every country had a very important role.

Communists also had a huge contribution for the peoples, for the revolutionary movements in all countries. The  National Liberation Front (EAM), the Greek People’s Liberation Army (ELAS), the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE), were the heroic creations of the KKE in our country. As many times as our people accepted to fight, based on the revolutionary policy of the KKE, it had successes and victories.

The October Socialist Revolution, proved that capitalism is neither eternal nor invincible. A superior organization of the society can be built without exploitation of man by man.

Of course, never before in the history of mankind, has a more progressive, superior social system been established. Today’s capitalism consolidated itself over feudalism as a new superior social system, over the centuries: Since 1400 it appeared, only in the 19th century, it fully developed its own characteristics.

Workers’ power emerged for the first time in the 19th century and lasted only 70 days in France, with the Paris Commune. The second time, comparatively more mature, with the October Revolution in 1917, it lasted about 70 years.

The third time in our century it will win definitely and irrevocably, and only so will humanity be saved from hunger, environmental destruction, exploitation, unemployment, wars.

We have studied and have drawn conclusions about the causes of the overthrow, except that we do not ignore the contribution of socialism, as the apologists of capitalism do.

A gradual slide into capitalist functions, with the so-called market socialism theory, weakening the social character of the product and central planning, led to the overthrow.

The 20th Congress of the CPSU in 1956 was a turning point, because by employing the  so-called personality cult, it adopted a series of opportunist positions, mainly on the issues of strategy of the communist movement, of international relations, and partly of the economy.  Perestroika in 1985 became the final vehicle of the counter-revolution

For the KKE, however, these 26 years that have passed, they have made even more categorical the timeliness of socialism – communism.

But what is even clearer is the truth of Mayakovsky’s verses that called us to unravel the future. “The future will not come by its’ own … if we do not take measures too.”

And the future is not behind us, it is not capitalism, it is the new world, socialism – communism.
Comrades and friends,
Lately, SYRIZA and Mr. Tsipras are more exposed, giving us lessons of defense of capitalism.

Sometimes employing “healthy entrepreneurship”, sometimes “social economy” or “innovation and research”, Mr. Tsipras performs well at what any seller does to meet the goals and get the bonus, in this specific case the renewal of the support of  capital.

He seeks to acquit a whole social system based on the exploitation of man by man, which is enshrined in countless anti-labor laws, which, of course, are implemented by healthy companies.

He tries to absolve a rotten system that has profit as the main motive. This motive applies even when states, governments in capitalism are tricking workers, telling them that there are also some supposedly non-profit companies, public utilities, NGOs and others.

Research and innovation are exploited to the benefit of capitalist accumulation, not to the satisfaction of the needs of the working class, the people.

Of course, we are not in 2015, nor in 2012. SYRIZA has completed its mutation into a bourgeois party and has already completed two and a half years of bourgeois management.

It can now turn to capital by advertising his government as the best “dealer” for businesses and investors, and can sometimes take off its left masque to reveal its real face as a servant of monopoly groups, of capitalist development.

Capitalist development, despite what SYRIZA says when talking to the people, cannot be fair. Because fair development in an unfair system cannot exist.

Examples are countless and more the recent is the shipwreck in Salamis. On the one side, they celebrate that Piraeus becomes an “entry gate”, an international hub “and on the other, ships that are floating coffins destroy health and the environment, they deprive the people of Athens even of swimming in the Saronic Gulf.

That’s is their development.

Greece is  on fire, popular dwellings flood from the rains, everyone is afraid of a major earthquake.

Because their growth is motivated by profit rather than the protection of the life of the working class, the people.

The abolition of the Sunday holiday, the extension of the memorandum regulations for the Collective Labor Agreements, the essential legal establishment of the lock out, the liberalization of collective layoffs, the abolition of trade union rights, the attack against the right to strike through the facilitation of its outlawing and many other measures recently voted by the SYRIZA-ANEL government and also what it is preparing to vote with the 3rd assessment pave the way for capitalist development.

And all these anti-worker measures, independently of how SYRIZA baptizes them, are deeply class-based and unjust!

This is capitalism! In Greece and all over the world. Barbarity, unemployment, misery for the lives of the workers.

The  promises of New Democracy, which, of course, claims that, unlike SYRIZA, it knows and wants, and can better do the dirty work on behalf of the capital, function inside the same unjust class framework.
 
In fact, in order to overcome SYRIZA as for its anti-people character and also its devotion to the capital, it brings up against reactionary slogans like “parties out of the schools and universities”, ” parties and trade unions out of the workplaces”.
It goes so far as to say that social inequalities stem from human nature by reproducing reactive theories drawn from the textbooks of the Nazi Mengele.

Both of them are particularly focused on the youth and  they pretend to worry for its future. Their hypocrisy has no limits.

SYRIZA’s “fair development” and “sustainable growth” that will not leave anyone behind” of New Democracy the historically outdated capitalist growth that is accompanied by rising unemployment, especially among young people and women, that obliges youngsters from  a very young age  to experience the unfairness of unemployment, the unfairness of starvation wages, uninsured labor, non-payment,  impossibility to work  in their chosen profession, to experience the unfairness of immigration abroad. It’s the capitalist development that leaves behind the children of the workers’ people’s family and their rights.

They avoid talking even about the minimum. That no one should be paid under 751 euros.
Comrades and friends,
In a society that that everywhere projects the principles  “your death is my life”, “take care just of yourself” that “the capitalist system is invincible and the end of history and  whatever we do is in vain ” we know there are youngsters, and there will be much more in the next few days, who are concerned.

They are angry because the system of exploitation deprives them of their rights and life and they fairly say that “something must happen, the situation must change”. They wonder about how this can be done.

We address all these young people and say: “There is a solution! With the KKE on the way of the overthrow “! The youth is fed up with messiahs who “save them” every time, is fed up with lies that the governors say each time to become such, is fed up with promises.

SYRIZA and New Democracy, as well as the other parties only acknowledge  to the young generation the right to have no rights, to claim no rights. Both Mr. Tsipras and Mr. Mitsotakis talk continuously about the new generation, at the same time that they crush its life. Give them the answer now!

The time has come for action! KNE, the Youth Organization of the KKE, is here for you all! It has a clear struggle proposal, it has proposals and positions on all the issues that concern young people of the workers’ peoples’ families. However, in order for these proposals of KKE and KNE to take effect, they need your support, the struggle of all of us in the workplaces, the  centers of education,  the neighborhoods.

So let’s all overcome the dirty propaganda of the system, the hesitations that everyone may have!

Each one of us counts in the big struggle that we have in front!

Every youngster organized in KNE means a great failure of the system to control the,, to neutralize their soul and body! It means that no one will be alone, to be exploited, to  be deceived.
But it also means much more … Every youngster who decides to join KNE  in fact is  not just one, but thousands. The slogan “One for All and All for One” and all together for the most sacred aim, the abolition of exploitation of man by man is put into action. Every youngster organized in KNE is part of the collective struggle, of the effort to change our lives, to “make man a human”.

The fact of being organized multiplies the power of each and every one of us!

Think … Would the great revolutionaries, whom we admire and honor this year – by devoting the festival to the 100th anniversary of the October Revolution – such as Lenin, Stalin and so many others – had made their thoughts come true without the conscious action, the organization of thousands and millions of people?

The people’s struggle is all-powerful, and we communists have confidence, even when the opponent imagines itself omnipotent, even when the movement is not on the up.

So we say to every youngster something that has been repeatedly confirmed by historical experience: The struggle of the youth, of the people in our country is connected by a red thread with all the revolutions and uprisings that humanity has experienced, in order for the peoples to live better days.
We proceed with this course of the peoples to the final victory! With its ups and downs, with its turns and stops, and sometimes with huge leaps forward! But we do not hesitate; we are constantly trying to conquer knowledge, to understand developments and to make our own battle plan with only one purpose: “For the need to become history”!

The future will come! The new generation will live it!

This is undisputed. The question is whether the black future where the capitalists will continue having the power, crushing the rights of the workers and the youth, to make wars  shall continue  … or the bright future, without exploitation of man from man, socialism – communism shall come earlier!

Our struggle is part of the struggle waged by the peoples of the world! And this is evidenced by the fact that today, among us, we have comrades, young communists from all over Europe, from Asia, Africa, and America.

We have comrades from Mexico, Palestine, Syria, Turkey and so many other countries that fight in very difficult circumstances. We also salute the representatives of the embassies present with us here at the festival: Palestine, Cuba, Venezuela, and Vietnam.

Our minds and our hearts are together with all the peoples that fight. We coordinate our action, and spot all together against the same aim, capitalism, imperialism, which crushes our rights all over the world.
Comrades and friends,
We address to those who are currently studying and making proper use of their experience. The experience that says that saviors are over, to those who have come to the conclusion that the lesser evil always leads to the greater evil.

We address to those who feel frustrated, cheated by SYRIZA, to those who instead of looking ahead, look back at their previous choices.

We say they shouldn’t have any confidence in New Democracy which tries to whitewash its anti-people policy, and once again asks for the support of the people for its turn of anti-people’s management, as SYRIZA succeeded New Democracy  two and a half years ago.

To have no confidence in PASOK and the other parties, which through the renaming of the center-left, with their historic support for the system, that they supported in the previous years, is attempted to be whitewashed by staff of the system.

Remember: Every new government will be worse than the previous one, because the system of exploitation itself becomes worse.

It is not a solution for the people and the youth, the constant rotation of parties and governments, which, when one fails, prepare each other to replace it and treat the people equally bad.

The hope, the way out for the working class is far and away from the bourgeois management where the bourgeois parties, sometimes one by one and sometimes in collaboration between them, carry out the anti-people policy.

The hope, the way out, to come along with the KKE.
In order to get rid of the causes of misery.
In order to overthrow and definitely abolish barbarity.

We invite you now, no matter what choices you made until yesterday, to come along with the  KKE. Here is your position, the position of the unemployed people, the workers, the employees, the self-employed farmers, professionals, scientists, the students, all the women of the popular families.
Now with the KKE, because it told the truth about SYRIZA.

It particularly warned those who felt that they were politically left-wing, they based their hopes on the “left for the first time “, to a bourgeois government that independently of its name, faces, phraseology did well the dirty work for the quartet, the EU, the NATO, the big capital.

Now with the KKE, because in the workers’ people’s movement, it has the line of rupture and conflict with the capitalist system.

With the KKE for the movement that regroups its forces, it prepares for the conflict with the real enemy.
That is why it does not retreat, it does not stumble on the traps of social consensus, political instability, it does not ask for sacrifices for the recovery of the profits of the capitalists but for sacrifices in the class struggle that bring closer the perspective.

We call upon the working class, the youth, not to be trapped again by obstacles that are being prepared. Do not submit to the system and the EU plans for the new disposition of their political staff.

Now with the KKE, because its truly promising alliance policy is not in meetings and summit agreements, but in the alliance of all the oppressed, in the social alliance where workers can meet with poor farmers and the self-employed can meet, with their children and the women of the popular strata and together they walk in the way of the conflict in order for all of them to be in the power.
In this social alliance, the KKE, through the members and cadres of the Party and KNE, as well as any power in an anti-capitalist-antimonopoly direction, through its people, can find its place.

Now, along with the KKE to strengthen the workers’-popular readiness and struggle against imperialist war plans, the scenarios of border change, against the  involvement of any country in these plans. These plans serve the so-called “geostrategic upgrading” of SYRIZA, New Democracy and other bourgeois parties, which in essence is the upgrading of the Greek bourgeoisie in the region.

Along with the KKE for the final closure of the murderous military base of Souda. In order not to be transferred NATO nuclear warheads to Araxos base,  which is being visited by US military delegations, inspecting its infrastructure maintenance and modernization in order to host nuclear weapons in their premises.

Alongside the KKE, because the struggle against the imperialist war is inseparably linked to the struggle for workers’ power, which is the only that can guarantee disengagement from the EU and NATO’s predatory alliances.

To make the slogan “neither earth nor water to the murderers of the peoples”. For the people not to take place “under a foreign flag”, not to spill its blood for interests that are not their own.

To isolate the Nazi criminal organization of the Golden Dawn killers, these henchmen of the bosses.

Those who deny and vote in the Parliament against the obvious, that the employee must be paid their wages, obviously because their ideal are the Nazi forced labor camps that offered for free slave-workers to the German and other monopolies.

Those who commit murderous attacks against PAME trade unionists, these henchmen of those who support military war operations that create refugees and immigrants who are then murdered by racist criminals of the Golden Dawn in the streets of our homeland, the leading henchmen that sow hatred, poison and discord in our people from the podium of the Parliament and leaving behind dead fighters such as Pavlos Fissas exactly 4 years ago.

That’s why we shout once again: “Deeply understand what fascism is!  It won’t die by itself, smash it!

Friends,

We are addressing to all of you who, even though the prospect temporarily blurred before you, you never believed that capitalist barbarism was the end of the evolution of human society.

To all of you who are outrageous with raw anti-communism, with the methodical concealed anti-communism of the slander of socialism, but also with the anti-communism of  stupidity that lately has overwhelmed some people.

We invite you to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the October Socialist Revolution, to teach your children about the first attempt to make man a human, that you want your children to live in a society without unemployment, poverty and wars.

That’s the society for which the KKE fights. With the working class, the people in the power. This workers’, peoples’ government is the rival awe of capitalist barbarism. Because with the socialization of means of production, central planning and workers’ control, it can meet modern needs of the working class, the people and their children.

Come with KKE because it never abandoned revolutionary struggle. It did not abandon socialism in the 20th century. it did not conceal that against the harsh dictatorship of the capital, there is only the “dictatorship of the proletariat”, that is, the power of the working class that, together with its precious social allies constitute the vast popular majority, which is the only force capable of opening the way of the real freedom, peace, and satisfaction of great modern people’s needs.

Remember: The KKE, at the crucial moment, the day the Kremlin’s red flag came down in 1991, had the strength to summon the communists through “Rizospastis”, saying: “Comrades, keep  the flag high! Hope is now in the struggle of the peoples “! We are proud of this.

We continue to keep up this red flag!

We continue on the road opened by the October Socialist Revolution. For the victory, Socialism – Communism.

The days that will re-shake the world will come. We take our measures for this!”
Boyun Eğme! The Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) celebrated its 97th anniversary

Tuesday, September 12, 2017

Boyun Eğme! The Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) celebrated its 97th anniversary

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/09/boyun-egme-communist-party-of-turkey.html
The Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) released a written statement on the 97th anniversary of its founding, said: “We are not asking for the impossible but the very possible. We lead the only possible way to remain human.”
 
“TKP founded on 10 September 1920 in Baku. The resistance struggling the occupation in Anatolia met the young Soviet revolution at that city. That very day, the communists of Turkey gathered together in a single party and declared being the comrades from Turkey of the international struggle for a socialist World,” the statement said. 
 
Underlined the fact that a proletarian revolution, a socialist order which will end the capitalist exploitation, TKP said: “Hence, now socialism is also a must for an independent and free country.”
 
“97 years ago TKP was founded by those who had seen socialism as the future for humanity. After 97 years TKP says: Without socialism, there is no humanity. No liberty, no enlightenment, no justice, no equity, no fraternity. Socialism is not merely the emancipation of the labour. Socialism is now a matter of existence,” the statement read. 
 
TKP once again announce to people of Turkey and the people of the world that the Socialist Turkey and Socialist World will found. 
 
“Salute to the bright future of Turkey and the World. Salute to the ones to join TKP’s struggle. For many many years,” the statement said. 
 
The Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) celebrated its 97th foundation anniversary last weekend in three metropolitan centers of Turkey, İzmir, Ankara and Istanbul.
 
 
The Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) members gathered together with its friends in the events held in three metropolitans. The events started with the singing of the anthem the International. Kemal Okuyan, the general secretary of TKP, and Aydemir Güler, central committee member of TKP, gave the speeches of the events in three cities. 
 
“WE HAVE GATHERED TO DECLARE OUR WILL TO UNDO THE HISTORICAL DISASTER”.
 
During the events where thousands of people gathered, Kemal Okuyan, the general secretary of TKP, gave the first speech. Okuyan noted that neither of the republics coinciding with the foundation of TKP in 1920 exists anymore, the Soviet Republic and the Turkish Republic, and the Communist Party of Turkey feels ashamed for that.
 
There is the rule of the Russian oligarchy instead of the Soviet Republic; and the rule of imams instead of Turkish Republic, Okuyan commented. “Therefore, we have not gathered for a celebration today. We are here to declare our will to undo this historical disaster.”, Okuyan noted.
 
Okuyan also said that it is impossible to create “more just, freer and more peaceful capitalism” and thus “the humanity will either be doomed to live in barbarity or fight for socialism and build a humanitarian society.” Reminding other historical examples, Okuyan noted that in all cases where the people tried to “tame” capitalism, it got wilder.
 
“WE HAVE TO SURPASS HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS”.
 
Aydemir Güler
Aydemir Güler, the central committee member of TKP, gave the second speech during the event. Güler said that neither Mustafa Suphi and his comrades, the founders of the historical TKP, were in a dream while founding the TKP 97 years ago, nor the members of TKP are in a dream today. Güler noted that the Communist Party of Turkey will get organised step by step and found the socialist republic in Turkey.
 
Güler pointed out that the capitalism can never go hand in hand with the enlightenment, and yet the liberals make a mistake in compromising with the bourgeoisie to defend enlightenment values. Güler also reminded that the popular discourse of supporting the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) against the threat of fascism in Turkey is nonsense because CHP is a bourgeois party and it cannot defend values of independence, freedom and secularism forever. The duty of the communists is to surpass historical developments and never come to terms with the bourgeois actors, Güler said.
 
The events concluded with the performance of music bands in all three cities and with the determination to build a stronger struggle for socialism in Turkey, which is not only necessary but also possible. 
Kostas Papadakis – The equation of Communism with Nazism is unacceptable and provocative

Wednesday, August 30, 2017

Kostas Papadakis – The equation of Communism with Nazism is unacceptable and provocative

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/08/kostas-papadakis-equation-of-communism.html
By Kostas Papadakis*.
 
Article first published in the “Efimerida ton Syntakton” newspaper, 22/08/2017, reproduced from inter.kke.gr.
 
The anticommunist conference-provocation of the Estonian Presidency of the EU is no bolt from the blue. Similar anti-communist events being organized in the framework of the so-called “European day of remembrance for the victims of totalitarian regimes”, as the EU with enormous budgets is trying to establish the 23rd of August. This is an orchestrated campaign that aims to slander socialism, rewrite history, and to unacceptably and provocatively equate communism with the monster of fascism. I.e. equating Nazism with the forces that in historical terms smashed it.
 
A basic goal is to conceal the fact that fascism is a form of capital’s power in specific conditions. In Germany, Nazism constituted the ideal form to support capital in the conditions of the military preparations for the conquest of new markets, in the conditions of a very deep capitalist crisis, of the rise of revolutionary ideas, of the increase of the prestige of the KPD and the USSR. It was supported politically and financially by sections of German capital, it identified with monopolies (Krupp, I.G.Farben, Siemens etc.), it collaborated with the colossi of the “democratic” capitalist states (General Motors, General Electric, ITT, Ford, IBM).
Nazism-fascism met its deadliest and most determined opponent in the socialist society of the USSR, which was established by the October Revolution 100 years ago. The 20 million dead soviets was the bloody proof of this deadly confrontation between socialism and Nazism. The communists in every country were the most determined and combative anti-fascist force, with the role of the KKE and EAM in our country being a characteristic example of this.
The  anti-communist campaign of the EU, of this capitalist union, goes hand in hand with the offensive against the workers’-people’s rights and has been going on for many years.
 
The wretched anti-communist memorandum of the Council of Europe in 2005 lent impetus to these anti-historical efforts. However it did not gain the necessary majority in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe that would have made the measures that accompanied it compulsory for the member-states.
Through the decisive contribution and mobilization of the KKE, it met with the broad and mass condemnation of the Greek people and other peoples of Europe, of trade unions and other mass organizations, of public figures. The then governments of Greece, Portugal and Cyprus expressed their intention not to support it. The majority of MPs, MEPs  of the Greek bourgeois parties stated their opposition.
 
There followed the anti-communist resolutions in the European Parliament in 2006 and particularly the resolution of April 2009 entitle “European consciousness and totalitarianism”, it should be noted that no Greek MEP voted in favour of it.  There then followed other anti-communist proclamations and decisions of the EU.
Beyond the declarations and resolutions, practical anti-communist measures are being pushed forwards in a number of EU member-states (e.g. Poland, Hungary, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania) as well as in countries connected to it (e.g. Ukraine). We are referring specifically to the persecution, prosecution, and condemnation of communists, bans on the activities of the CPs, bans on communist symbols etc.
 
A self-evident consequence of the anti-communist campaign is the justification, prettification and exoneration of Nazism-fascism and its atrocities. In these countries, honours are bestowed on, pensions and privileges granted to the Nazi collaborators and their political descendants are being promoted.
 
This year, the EU generously financed the “House of European History” in order to promote its anti-historical anti-communist proselytizing while for years it has been organizing the anti-communist programme “Europe for citizens” in order to slander socialism, with the involvement of local municipalities, NGOs etc.
 
Several forces utilized the opportunity provided by the anti-communist fiesta in Estonia to rear their heads. Primitive and crude anti-communism, in which ND plays the leading role, followed by PASOK and POTAMI, together with of course Nazi Golden Dawn, copies all the propaganda with aim of slandering socialism, the USSR, with the aim of falsifying the history of the peoples.
 
The absence of the government from this year’s anti-historical anti-communist fiestas in Estonia cannot conceal the fact that the forces of SYRIZA in the movement are propagandizing-overtly or covertly-the equation of Stalin with Hitler, are playing a leading role in anti-soviet and anti-communist propaganda, while they hide or distort the relationship between capitalism and fascism.
 
A characteristic example of the government’s hypocrisy is that fact that a representative of the government has attended similar anti-communist events last year in Bratislava, something the KKE had denounced, while a few weeks ago, on July 15th, “Avgi” published a vulgar article propagandizing the equation between communism and fascism.
 
The people’s experience proves that escalation of anticommunism is a precursor for new anti-people measures and restrictions on people’s rights, a precursor for the launching of a new round of imperialist wars. The struggle for the abolition of the anti-communist persecution and bans, the struggle against anti-communism, for the satisfaction of the contemporary needs of the people and their rights, is integrally linked to the struggle for workers’ power, for the working class and popular strata to be emancipated from the shackles of capitalist exploitation and the imperialist unions, for the peoples to become the owners of the wealth they produce.
 
Whatever they try to do, history is not going to be rewritten with blue, green or black letters. It has been written with the blood of the millions of militants and communists who fought Nazism-fascism. It is in the hands of the peoples today to join forces with the communists in order to consign capitalism, which creates poverty, wars, fascism-Nazism and its nostalgists,  to the dustbin of history.
 
* Member of the CC and MEP of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE).
The October Revolution and Yugoslavia – Past, Present and Perspectives

Sunday, August 27, 2017

The October Revolution and Yugoslavia – Past, Present and Perspectives

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/08/the-october-revolution-and-yugoslavia.html
By Marijan Kubik & Alksandar Banjanac.
Source: International Communist Review,  Issue 7, 2017.
The Great October Socialist Revolution that happened one hundred years ago turned a new page in the history of mankind. The Great October Revolution ignited the revolutionary spirit in the hearts of hundreds of millions of people around the world, and infused them with confidence in their fight for a new world.
The October Revolution did not break out suddenly and as something that was generated solely in the Russian reality, it rather resulted from the entire flow of recent world, and in particular European, history. It was the fruit of the socialist aspirations, existence and functioning of the working class with the goal of tearing down the society divided in classes and the creation of classless human society.
All the progressive forces on the planet recognise the epochal, profoundly transformative role of the October Revolution and its significance as a continuous inspiration. We proudly and rightfully point out that the Russian October Revolution also inspiredthe Yugoslav workers’ movement. Inspired by the ideas ofthe October, it was preparing for a long and painful, but victorious socialist revolution of its own.
World War I
World War I is the prototype of the maxim defined by a military theorist Karl von Clausewitz (1780-1831): “War is a mere continuation of policy by other means”. The shot fired by the Yugoslav nationalists Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo in 1914 set off the powder keg filled with political, economic and military rivalry among the major powers.
It was the culmination of long-standing diplomatic and political squabbling and bickering, arising from economic rivalries of the European capitalist powers – their capitalist elite.
On the occasion of the hundredth anniversary of the October Revolution, it is impossible not to remember, with deepest respect, Dimitrije Tucovic, under whose leadership the Serbian Social Democratic party functioned as one of the most progressive and revolutionary workers’ parties in Europe. Tucovic dedicated his entire life to the struggle for workers’ rights, social justice and civil and human rights. With Lenin, Tucovic was one of the rare steadfast Marxists, who spoke against the opportunism of the members of the Second International. His conviction, that “conflicts, dangers of war and wars are not caused by hostilities and hatred between peoples, but by the efforts of the capitalist class to subject and exploit other nations and peoples”, is still undeniably true today.
During the war in Yugoslavia,there were strong winds announcing change – the Red October. There are records of protests of sailors in the Austro-Hungarian war ports by the end of 1917. In Pula, there were anti-war protests, as well as desertions. The great strike of 11,000 workers of the arsenal seeking a truce, higher wages and better nutrition broke out in 1918. In support of workers’ unrest, the sailors from the warships “Erzherzog”, “Prinz Eugen” and “Aspern”, refused obedience to their commanders. Thirty-five members of the Naval air stationreceived long-term prison sentences on the grounds of disobedience. Due to the senseless expansion of war operations, worsening living conditions, difficult position of the Slavs, and echoes of the October Revolution, the unrestswere spreading. The mutiny of sailors in the Bay of Kotor began on February 1, 1918at noon on the ships “Sankt Georg” and “Gea” when about 6,000 sailors of the Austro-Hungarian navy took command into their own hands and put up red flags on about forty ships in the Bay of Kotor. They requested separate peace to end the war, improved nutrition and regular leaves.
This was not only an expression of anti-war sentiment in the Austro-Hungarian monarchy.According to the report of the Serbian military attaché in Padua, the rebellion of sailors was “a result of Leninist ideas that were so widespread in the Austro-Hungarian Navy that they significantly weakened the familiar harsh discipline”.
However, due to a series of oversights on the part of the leadership of the rebellion,the uprising started to fade to a certain extent. The Command issued an ultimatum to the rebel sailors on February 2,it ordered evacuation of the civilian population and the German U-boats were ordered to sink the rebel ships. The rebellion was crushed. Three hundred eighty-six sailors and non-commissioned officers were charged before the regular military court. Of these, 48% were of South Slavic origin, 20% Italian, 13% Czechs and Slovaks, 10% Germans, 8% Hungarians, and the rest were Poles, Romanians and Ukrainians. Although about 1,200 sailors were arrested, only 98 of these were taken before theimpromptu military court. Around ten sailors died in prison,two died in the rebellion, the majorityreceived long-term prison sentences and four were sentenced to death by a firing squad.
World War I ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, which was a great humiliation for the German people. The young Soviet republic was completely excluded from the drafting of the treaty. Supposed to put an end to war, the Treaty of Versailles turned it into a constant threat hovering over all humanity. Rather than provide “eternal peace”, the treaty missed its target from the very beginning. In fact, the same generation that created the peace treaty found itself amidst the flames of another war, even more devastating and more horrible and with more crimes and victims, only twenty years later. Karl Marx’scomment about The Treaty of Frankfurt – “This is the safest way to transform the war into a European institution. This is the most reliable way to turn the future peace into a mere ceasefire.” –is also applicable to the Treaty of Versailles.
Yugoslavs in the October Revolution
The First Serbian Volunteer Division was formed on April 16, 1916 in the town of Odessa. It consisted of nearly 10,000 volunteers. Shortly before The February Revolution, the army corps consisted of approximately 40,000 volunteers. The town of Odessa was its headquarters. The First Division headquarters was in Voznesensky and the Second Division headquarters was in Alexandrovsky. The triumph of the Bolsheviks over the imperial dynasty could have been well anticipated. In such a revolutionary mood, new ideas started spreading among the Serbian Volunteer Corps soldiers. Towards the end of March of 1917, arrays officers started forming military unions within the Volunteer Corps. The proposal was supported and encouraged by the revolutionary unions of the Ukrainian citizens in the area between Odessa and Voznesansky, where the Serbian Volunteer Corps units were situated.
The Serbian Volunteer Corps Command attempted to prevent the spreading of revolutionary ideas among its members. Therefore, in April 1917, General Mihajlo Zivkocic introduced, by a decree, troop, regiment and division councils, as well as the Corps Assembly, intending to use them to influence the political mood in the units. The results, however, were insignificant.
In the assembly of Serbian Bolshevik-oriented volunteers in Odessa, the Federal Yugoslavia was proclaimed as the ideal. It was emphasized that “The Russian Revolution and the victory of the Russian democracy are a new era in the history of mankind and, thus, the Russian revolution cannot remain only Russian”. The volunteers established the Yugoslav Revolutionary Union in Kiev in summer of 1917.
The supporters of the Revolution started leaving The Volunteer Corps on a large scale, thus reducing it to one half.
Around 35,000 Yugoslavs were involved in the revolutionary activities – they joined the Red Army units. Towards the end of 1917, the Serbian-Soviet Revolutionary Unit was formed and in August of 1918 the First Yugoslav Communist Regiment was established in Tsaritsyn. Many of the Yugoslavs remained in the lasting memory as the Soviet Union heroes. Many participators, upon their return in their home country, got actively involved in the activities of the unification of the proletariat in the newly formed bourgeois state and they played a significant role in creating a revolutionary workers party.
In the beginning of World War I, social democratic parties were either prohibited in Yugoslav countries or their work was suspended due to war circumstances. In the final stages of war, under the influence of harsh social circumstances and the perspective of defeat of the Central Forces, they gradually renew their organisation and began to operate. From 1917, and in particular in 1918, in the Yugoslav countries, primarily those under Austro-Hungarian rule, there were many military, workers’ and peasants’ movements. Under the influence of those revolutionary developments and in the aftermath of the October Revolution, the renewal of the activities of social democratic parties was imbued with vehement political and ideological conflicts. Among the leaders of the recently renewed social democratic parties of Serbia, Bosnia and Hercegovina and Dalmatia the supporters of class struggle prevailed. They emphasized the solidarity with the October Revolution and accepted Lenin’s initiative to create a new, communist International.
In the time of establishing the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians in December of 1918, the leaders of Serbian and Bosnia and Hercegovina’s social democratic parties proposed an initiative for uniting workers’ organisations in the new country. The congress of united social democratic parties and organisations, held in Belgrade from April 20 to April 23, 1919, passed a decision to form the Social Democratic Workers Party of Yugoslavia (of communists) or SRPJ(k). They declared a revolution and a dictatorship of the proletariat, as well as acceding to the Communist International as their goals. On that occasion and with the participation of the same delegates, the Congress of the Trade -Union Unification was held where the unity of trade unions movement was declared and the Central Workers Trade Union Council was elected. A Conference of socialist (communist) women was held, too. They accepted the programme of the Social Democratic Workers Party of Yugoslavia. On October 10, 1919 in Zagreb, the League of the Communist Youth of Yugoslavia (SKOJ) was established and they also adopted the programme of the Social Democratic Workers Party of Yugoslavia.
Socialist workers party of Yugoslavia (communist) changes its name to the Communist Party of Yugoslavia at its Second congress in the following 1920.
The year of 1919 was marked by the rise of the revolutionary movement. The influence of the SRPJ(k) was increasing rapidly and soon it grew into a significant political factor in the country. In the municipal elections in March and August of 1920, the party won the elections in many municipalities in cities such as Belgrade, Zagreb, Osjek, Skopje, Nis, etc. In the elections for the Constituent Assembly in November of 1920, it won 59 mandates and was ranked third according to the number of MPs in the Assembly. In summer of 1920 SRPJ(k) had over 65,000 members and the united trade unions around 210, 000. At that time, it published its central newspaper – The Workers newspaper, as well as a number of province and local newspapers.
In the municipal elections held in March of 1920 in Croatia, Slovenia and Dalmatia, 490 communist councillors were elected. They won the majority of votes and absolute majority of mandates in Zagreb, Osijek, Vukovar, Knjizevac, Virovitica, Crikvenica, Cakovac, Valpov, etc. A communist Svetozar Delic was elected the mayor of Zagreb. However, the duke (ban) appointed by the Government in Belgrade annulled the results of the elections and appointed the city commissioner, justifying this act by a lawsuit for treason that had been filed against Delic. In response, Delic convened a session, but the police dispersed it. Communists did exceptionally well in the elections in Montenegro, particularly in Podgorica. In the municipal elections in Serbia, Macedonia and Kosovo in August of 1920, communists won in 37 municipalities, Belgrade, Nis and Skopje being among them. In many cases, similarly to Zagreb, the officials prevented the elected communist councillors from taking over the office; the same thing happened in Belgrade, where Filip Filipovic was elected the mayor but was prevented from taking over the office.
In April of 1920 the strike of about 50,000 railroad workers was held, which was one of the most major workers’ actions of that period. The strike was marked by the reinforced commitment of the regime to suppress the revolutionary movement (the first prohibitions of celebrating May 1, stronger censorship, arrests of SRPJ(k) leaders, suspension of communist councillors in municipalities and dissolution of the communist local governments, declaration of militarisation of railroad workers, armed attacks on strikers, etc.).
Calming of revolutionary movements in Europe, the support of imperialistic forces of Antanta to the office holders in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians and its partial inner stabilisation, enabled the regime to carry out more resolute operations against the revolutionary workers’ movement in the country. In December of 1920 the Government, accusing the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (CPY) of preparing a coup, took advantage of the conflicts with the gendarmerie and the army in the miners’ strikes in Bosnia and Hercegovina and Slovenia to ban communist activities and to impose dictatorship by a so-called “Obznana” law (Proclamation). The long period of dictatorship would last almost until the beginning of World War II.  The Kingdom of Yugoslavia, which had been extremely reactionary and backward country even prior to the dictatorship, was dully characterized as the “dungeon of nations”.
During the dictatorship, the activities of the Party were forced underground by brutal repression, the entire assets of the Party were confiscated, trade union associations and organising of workers strikes and demonstrations were also banned as illegal, all Party front organisations were banned as illegal, mass arrests commenced, thousands of communists were persecuted, imprisoned, tortured and killed, and the CPY received a heavy blow, which dramatically affected its organisational disunity. It is interesting to note that the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was the last country in Europe to recognise The Soviet Union (USSR). This only happened immediately before the outbreak of the war threat, in 1940. The CPY faced World War II as an underground movement, but it did not prevent it from being the organiser of the magnificent antifascist rebellion. In autumn of 1941, Yugoslav partisans controlled a free territory size of the contemporary Belgium, where November 7 – the Day of the Great October Revolution was publically celebrated.         
The October Revolution and Socialist Yugoslavia
Following a long period of dictatorship and after gruelling National Liberation Struggle during World War II, in which, according to the estimates, over 1,200,000 Yugoslavs were killed (among these a large number of prominent Party cadre –seasoned communists who experienced the period when the Party was forced to operate underground, the war in Spain, as well as our National Liberation Struggle), freedom and the victory of our revolution eventually arrived. The roads were paved for building a new society and a victory of a new man awakening from a long period of backwardness. The CPY succeeded in seizing power and proclaiming progressive goals amidst the new creative enthusiasm. Our society became a socialist society and the victories of radical changes materialised daily.
The achievements of the October Revolution were bright examples to a young socialist federal republic. The marking of the holiday dedicated to the October Revolution became a ceremony at the state level. The Yugoslav Party stood on the line of the proletariat internationalism and therefore “the significance of the Red October as the first stage of the world revolution and its powerful base for further development”1 played an important ideological part in the Party that had much yet to learn and to advance.
However, the tragic events of 1948 proved that little was learned and implemented. The CPY leadership, self-complacent with their own revolutionary sweep, and in reality incapable of applying the great ideas and implementing the goals set before them as the governing body of the Yugoslav proletariat, took the road of opportunism and alienation from the proletariat. The deformities within the state and social structures, i.e. their highest levels, became more and more visible, as the post-war period elapsed.
Parallel to this, in an increasingly unhealthy spiritual and ideological climate, the cult of Josip Broz Tito was being built. Many communists were elected for or excluded from the Central Committee of the Party without the Committee’s meeting. After 1940, The Central Committee of the Party met for the first time as late as in spring of 1948. All this led to a great doubt among the proletariat masses and the communists in the proper operation of the Central Committee and the Party leadership. As early as in the beginning of 1948, the growing divergence between the Soviet and Yugoslav leadership ensued. In June of 1948, the Bucharest meeting of the Information Bureau of the Communist and Workers’ Parties of Europe was held, when a resolution was passed calling on a self-criticism of the Yugoslav leaders and whereby many omissions and mistakes in the interior and international politics were pointed out. The Yugoslav leaders first decided not to attend the Information Bureau meeting and subsequently rejected the resolution in its entirety. The rejection of the resolution was confirmed in the Fifth Congress of the CPY, held on July 28, 1948. The delegates to the Congress had not been elected, but previously determined. In the concluding remarks of his speech, Tito stated that he and the CPY would remain unwaveringly loyal to Marx, Engels and Lenin’s teachings and to Stalin.
That fact contained the hypocrisy that would accompany the Yugoslav party, or rather the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, as the party was renamed in the Sixth Congress of 1952, along its historical path. The loyalty to the principles of scientific socialism, consistency and authenticity in addressing these principles, applied to the specific circumstances of Yugoslav experience of building socialism, would remain to a greater or lesser degree present as a declarative guideline. In reality, already from 1948 began the rapid divergence from the fundamental principles of the science established by the classics of the scientific socialism, the principles based on the experience of the proletariat struggle and confirmed in practice by the Great October Revolution.
Although Yugoslavia justifiably rejected the Marshall plan in 1947, seeing in it the most impressive instrument of the American doctrine of restraining communism, the Yugoslav leadership after the conflict with Stalin will start to receive first of all economic, and then military aid from the Americans in 1949. Available documents from the US archives witness that in exchange for the American aid, Yugoslavia was ready for the war with USSR.
During 1949 yugoslavian government participate in liquidation uprising of Democratic Army of Greece. In March 1949, Tsaldaris, as Minister of Foreign Affairs in Athens and diplomatic arch-blunderer, spilled the beans. Speaking at Corinth that the Daily Mail correspondent in Greece, during the celebration of the reopening of the Corinth canal, he said the correspondent, Paul King, who was standing nearby, and said, “Very soon the king Tito and be allies.” Just a few months later, in the summer of 1949, King Paul and Tito Maharaj showed on battlefields that have already been practically comrades-in-arms. They fought together against the Democratic Army of Greece. In fact, during the entire out imperialistic offensives last year against the Democratic Army of Greece defends Grarnmos and Vitsi, Tito gave the Greek bourgeoisie for the help that the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece, N. Zachariadis, put IT “had a decisive influence on the outcome of our armed struggle,” and finally forced the Greek liberation movement to a temporary withdrawal. Deputy Prime Minister of the Government of that time Athens, S Venizelos has publicly stated: “Without the help given to us by Yugoslavia, we could not be in a position to achieve such success.” I Agence France Presse, as stated in the works of 18 October 1949 in Athens, sent a telegram to the “diplomatic holiday in Washington believe Tito’s role in the development of the situation in Greece, as at least as a crucial economic and military assistance the US delivers the Greek Government “. In fact, Tito had not joined the imperialist camp, that he actively helped Greek bourgeoisie regime Athens would likely have failed so far.  “Tito knew that only if Monarch-Fascism can prevail in Greece, and the Greek Democratic Army was defeated, could provide your wallpaper and get help from the US and Britain.” (N. Zachariadis :. new situation, new tasks).
In the Sixth congress of the CPY, according to the personal confessions of Aleksandar Rankovic, who was practically the second most prominent figure of the Party at that time, from 1948 to 1952  the Party expelled 218,379 members who had been admitted to the CPY until spring of 1948. When we consider the fact that in the beginning of 1948 the CPY had 285,147 members, we can realise the scale of the putsch that had nothing to do with democratic principles of scientific socialism.
The earlier mentioned Sixth Congress confirmed the new direction of the party – “The socialist self-management”, under the veil of consistency to the interpretation of the works of classicists of scientific socialism Marx, Engels and Lenin (Stalin is no longer mentioned). This direction will be, until the breakup of Yugoslavia, the main ideological path. The term “self-management” has its long history in the labor movement in Yugoslavia. 140 years ago in Kragujevac (in 1876), a manifestation took place which is remembered in history under the name “Red banner”. On that day in February of 1876, the workers and other progressive people took to the streets to defend the victory in the elections won by the socialists. The red flag which was carried had the word “Self-management” printed on it. At the same time, that is the first important victory of the young labor movement. The Party ideologues tried to join the theory of scientific socialism with the new course of Yugoslavia in every way. The Paris commune was declared as the first practical attempt of the proletarian self-management, and Marks’s principle “association of independent producers” was declared as an ideal precisely in self-management in Yugoslavia. Self-management will represent the breakthrough of bourgeoisie ideology in the Yugoslav party and  set   out  in  quest  of  allegedly  new  «socialist»  roads,   which  were  capitalist  in  fact,   in  the   economy,    internal  and  foreign  policy,  education  and  culture,  and  in  all  sectors  of  life.
Self-management was first proscribed in the law from 1950, with the aim of proving that,unlike in Yugoslavia, there was no proper management of the working class, but rather of the bureaucrat class, in the USSR and other socialist countries.In reality, the law actually meant abandoning the planned economy and the beginning of breaking of the state property. Self-management meant transfer of the state wealth into the hands of a group of people and local administration onto which the stateimposed onlyfiscal obligations. This would lead to the reconstruction of bourgeois market principles in Yugoslavia, the anarchy in the relations of production, the introduction of the shareholder ownership instead of collective ownership and to a more pronounced uneven growth, which would result in unemployment, corruption, nationalism and subsequently secessionism.
The international politics that Yugoslavia led also meant undermining of basic principles that had triumphed during the Red October: of the proletarian internationalism. To a greater or lesser extent, depending on the period, Yugoslavia led an anti-Soviet policy. The Cold  War circumstances mirrored the class conflict and this war that was fought between socialist countries led by the USSR on one side and imperialistic countries on the other side, pushed Yugoslavia into the so-called “Non- Aligned”movement, one of whose ideological creators was Tito’s Yugoslavia itself. Non-alignment was the principal determinant of the Yugoslav international politics from the 1960s and the interpretation of the party’s internationalism. It was a classic example of the “third way” politics, whose reactionary essence had been explained by Lenin who had stated that the third way was there to indicate that there was no other way in relation to imperialism and exploitation.
The gradual reconstruction of capitalism in Yugoslavia will reach its complete form in the course of and upon the completion of the fratricidal wars on its territory, i.e. following its dissolution. Moving away from the principles of the October Revolution of the Yugoslav party will be one of the key factors in this process. This unfolded symbolically, too. The October Revolution and its relevance will have its place in Yugoslav socialism, but with constant revisions of its significance and its achievements. It is Illustrative to mention that early biographies of Josip Broz Tito emphasized his participation in the October events in Petersburg, since he was at that time in Russia as an Austro-Hungarian prisoner. His later biographies no longer contain such assertions.
Upon the temporary collapse of socialism in Yugoslavia
The October Revolution represents a hot and current topic even following the collapse of socialism, or at least of its relics on the territory of former Yugoslavia. The position of Yugoslavia and the historical development of our country against the October events in Petersburg do not cease to be a topic popular with the professional public, as well as the tabloid press. Needless to say, this topic is relevant as an example of historical revisionism.
After the reconstruction of capitalism in our country, the October Revolution started getting a highly negative connotation in the public sphere and among predominant attitudes of bourgeois intelligentsia and bourgeois media. These ideological attacks represent an integral part of severehistorical revisionism, i.e. forgery. Similar processes can be perceived to a greater or lesser extent in other former socialist countries in Eastern Europe and the USSR. We are going to mention some of the predominant postulates that do not cease to be ideological weapons used to primarily attack the conscience of working people.The aim is to create an image that working people cannot launch historical processes by themselves, that the basis of these are well-planned hidden interests of powerful figures from various spheres with their personal motives, who use working people as their puppets in order to realise the goals of different spheres of interests.
Let us list some of these “theories”:
– It is logical that Russia’s external adversaries and enemies were interested in a revolution. World War I was being fought, Russia was fighting Germany. Therefore, it is evident that the October Revolution was Germany’s interest and deed.
– The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a revolution instigated by American and European oil interests with the aim of taking control over Russian oil fields from the hands of the Rothschid-Nobel duo.
– The original organisers of the communist movement and the October Revolution were Jews, so the October Revolution was in fact a Jewish attempt to occupy Russia.
– The English Intelligence Service financed and carefully instructed Russian revolutionaries for years. Three out of five congresses of the Lenin’s party were held in London. Therefore, the Revolution was an act of English interests.  Anglo-Russian conflicts had lasted continuously since the Napoleon wars. Let us recall the Crimean War and the constant subversive role of the British diplomacy that thwarted the Russian attempts to occupy Constantinople on a number of occasions.
– A wide network of conspiratorial organisations, modelled against the Freemasonic lodges, operated in favour of the revolution in Russia and played a decisive part in constituting the first Provisional government and subsequently its breakdown and the triumph of the Bolshevik Revolution.
Being a turning point for the historical process that inspired and does not cease to inspire hundreds of millions of people, for the ruling class the October Revolution is a target that is legitimate to attack by all means. Those attacks are attacks on the conscience of the working man and are a part of the institutional framework of the official politics in our country. The October Revolution disappeared from the public sphere, which means that all streets, institutions, clubs, etc. that bore a name of or association to the October Revolution, have been renamed. School history textbooks regard this event as a turning point for “introducing a Bolshevik dictatorship” in their non-scientific interpretation.
NKPJ (The New Communist Party of Yugoslavia) and the October revolution
In difficult times before the breakup of Yugoslavia, in the situation of ideological disorientation of the working class and the culmination of anti-communist attacksunheard of since the period before WWII, a qualitative step forward in defending the achievements ofthe October revolution in Yugoslavia, their further affirmation, and setting them up as vital goals of our working class, was made by forming The New Communist Party of Yugoslavia in 1990. Libertarian, democratic, internationalist inspirations that have guided us in our work for twenty-six years, are incomplete without the inspiration we draw from the biggest event in the history of human civilization – the Great Socialist October Revolution. Our commitment torestoring the authentic principles of Marxism-Leninism, which have guided us since our founding, has set the legacy of the Great October Socialist Revolution as the highest priority in our party’s ideological orientation and practice.
Commemorative activities in the form of scientific, political, cultural and artistic events that we organize every year to mark the day of the October Revolution have become a tradition. They are the most solemn demonstration of our commitment to the work of scientific socialism and are regularly organized by our party.
However,even more important is the fact that our party constantly interprets the October events and their importance through our program, political views, public statements, activities, and in other ways. Thus, according to the stance of the NKPJ, the October Revolution was the mother of all the subsequent proletarian revolutions, it was carried out by the working class in alliance with the peasantry and the progressive intelligentsia, with the leading role of the Communist Party of Bolsheviks led by V. I. Lenin. Thanks to the success of the revolution and the subsequent victory in the Civil War, the USSR, the world’s first state of workers and peasants,was established. The NKPJ constantly reiterates that the success of the October Revolution proved the correctness of the Marxist-Leninist teachings about the inevitability of an overthrow of the bourgeoisie by a revolution, and the establishment of a dictatorship of the proletariat, the most democratic mode of social organization in the pre-communiststage, necessary for the successful establishment and development of socialism. The revolution and the dictatorship of the proletariat represent only one stage in the process of class struggle that is continually unfolding as long as there are classes of capitalists and proletarians; this struggle is dynamic, it has its ups and downs, victories and defeats on both sides, but the Great October solidifiedthe inevitable fact that socialism is a legitimate stage in the development of human society.
Continuous inspiration for the new victories of the working man
The peoples of Yugoslavia madetheir contribution to creation of a new stage in the historical development of human civilization marked by the Red October. Our people enthusiastically received the news of the victory of the October Revolution in Russia,shoulder to shoulder with the international proletariat,and they also played their part both in the revolution and in spreading its flame throughout our region. Thus, the October Revolution, in addition to its historical and internationalist character and importance, became an importamt event in the national history of our people and an inspiration for political, historical, cultural and economic processes. It remains so, as enduring inspiration showing that the rule of workers and peasants is not merely a utopia and that opressors can be defeated andthat the suppressed can freethemselves from their shackles. The ideas of the October revolution remain an important example of libertarian inspiration for our freedom-loving people that in the whirlwinds of the world history have so often lost their freedom, independence and dignity which are still at stake and threatened by the interests of big imperialist powers for which the Balkans does not cease to be a sphere of great interest.
On the eve of the hundredth anniversary, the great anniversary of the October Revolution, despite all the problems that humanity faces today, we wish to highlight a new dose of optimism and pride, of revolutionary inspiration and the need for persistent and consistent struggle for the cause of the proletariat based on the most consistent principles –the principles of Marxism-Leninism. It is a historical inevitability and a certain fact that a counter-revolution is always followed by a new revolution, that the current defeats suffered by the mankind, and the proletariat in particular, are only a moment in time before a new episode when the working people will again seize power in our country as well, when the power will go to those who produce material and spiritual goods. Despite all the ups and downs, upsides and downsides that socialism has had in the past hundred years, it has proved to be a key prerequisite for the development and progress of human civilization in the modern epoch.
The future belongs to socialism!