Category: Communist Party Turkey
Communist Party of Turkey (TKP): Trump’s Cuba policy is a product of despair

Monday, June 19, 2017

Communist Party of Turkey (TKP): Trump’s Cuba policy is a product of despair

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/06/communist-party-of-turkey-tkp-trumps.html
On June 16, US President Donald Trump cancelled ex-President Obama’s policy to advance bilateral relations with Cuba and announced the new Cuban policy of his government.
The speech of Trump will go down in history as a disgrace not only for its content based on lies and distortion, but also for its arrogant, pretentious, ugly and menacing tone, which reflected all the aspects of the degenerate bourgeois political culture. 

The lies and distortions on which Trump based his new Cuban policy focused on the allegation that human rights and political freedoms are violated in Cuba. Such allegation, which is a product of an incurable anticommunist imagination, is obsolete in the face of the dazzling facts of Cuba. The achievements of the Cuban people in terms of human rights and political freedoms represent the most advanced examples in today’s world. The president of the imperialist US, which has responsibility in every drop of blood and tear in each square centimeter of the planet, is qualified to neither offer patronage nor give lessons to the Cuban people.

Trump announced that in order to “free Cuba” he would further strengthen the blockade, severe tourism bans, and foster support to dissidents. The imperialist US goes full circle and clings to the same rotes, the same policies that have already bankrupted. Condemnation to bankrupt policies means desperation. Trump’s bullying tone cannot veil the desperation of the US imperialism.
Only those who have lost their minds by hatred and greed can be thrilled by a policy destined to bankruptcy and this is what happened actually. It is not a coincidence that in order to announce his “new” policy Trump picked Miami where the counterrevolutionary Cuban diaspora is settled. Yet, Pandora’s box is already open and the powerful reality of Cuba has already reached that city too. Even among the US citizens of Cuban origin, the majority supports the elimination of the blockade.
Being a sovereign country, it is only the Cuban people who can decide on the future of Cuba. The decision of the Cuban people is clear: They will defend the Revolution and continue to struggle until the economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed on the country is eliminated and the territory under the occupation of the US military base in Guantanamo is returned to its true owners.
The Communist Party of Turkey declares that it will be in solidarity with the fraternal people of Cuba and the Communist Party of Cuba.
Long live the Cuban Revolution!
Long live Socialism!
Central Committee.
Communist Party of Turkey.
“Hırsız, katil Erdoğan”: Turkish protesters sentenced to imprisonment for… defaming President Erdogan!

Sunday, June 11, 2017

“Hırsız, katil Erdoğan”: Turkish protesters sentenced to imprisonment for… defaming President Erdogan!

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/06/hrsz-katil-erdogan-turkish-protesters.html
According to soL international10 protestorsincluding 3 members of the Turkish Communist Party (TKP)– were sentenced to imprisonment on June 9th for having held a press statement to protest the Islamic State’s bomb attack on October 10, 2015 outside Ankara central railway station.
More specifically, some protestors, including members of the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP), made a press statement in October 2015 in Turkey’s western city of Manisa to protest the Islamic State’s bomb attack that killed more than 100 people and wounded many hundreds during the mass rally of political parties and trade unions with the title of “Labor, Peace and Democracy”. The attack became the deadliest terror attack in modern Turkish history.
According to a libel suit about the press statement, the protesters “defamed” Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan through their slogans, “Hırsız, katil Erdoğan” (Thief, murderer Erdoğan).
Despite lawyers objected the court, the verdict of the court was terminated. Accordingly, 10 protesters, including 3 TKP members, were sentenced to imprisonment for 11 months and 20 days.
Spain: PCPE continues the struggle under Secretary General Ástor Garcia

Thursday, June 1, 2017

Spain: PCPE continues the struggle under Secretary General Ástor Garcia

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/06/spain-pcpe-continues-struggle-under.html
KKE’s PB member Giorgios Marinos during
his speech (Source: PCPE Twitter).
Info: Rizospastis / Translation: In Defense of Communism.
On Saturday 20th May the PCPE (Partido Comunista de los Pueblos de Espana) organised in Madrid an internationalist anti-imperialist political event under the title “No water, no soil, no air to the imperialists”. The major speaker was the Secretary General of the CC of PCPE Astor Garcia, while a greeting message was also delivered by  Marina Gómez, Sec. General of the Collectives of Young Communists.
Representatives of the Communist Parties of Italy (Partito Comunista) and Turkey (TKP) attended the event while the Secretary General of the Communist Party of Mexico Pavel Cabrera sent a recorded greeting message. The KKE was represented by the member of the Political Bureau of the CC Giorgos Marinos and Lefteris Nikolaou.
In his speech, Giorgos Marinos reiterated the KKE’s solidarity and fraternal relations with the PCPE under the leadership of Astor Garcia. More specifically he said:
“Our Party corresponds with responsibility to your invitation and with its participation stresses that the KKE continues the close, internationalist relations with the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain that we knew and fought together all these years, the PCPE with its new leadership, the General Secretary and comrade Astor Garcia, while as it is known, the Communist Youth of Greece continues to have fraternal relations with the Collectives of Youth Communists and the General Secretary of the CC comrade Marina Gómez.
The KKE, steadily, based on principles, corresponded many times to the invitations and visited Spain, developed common actions with your Party Organisations and the events of the Collectives, participated in activities within the labor movement, in labor places (and) helped in electoral battles”.
Giorgos Marinos referred also to the slanderous attack against the KKE by the Carmelo Suarez-Julio Diaz group, which emerged after the split in the PCPE. More specifically, the KKE Politburo member said among other things: “The facts themselves prove that the slanderous attacks organised by the Carmelo Suarez-Julio Diaz group against the KKE and the CP of Mexico, which struggle alongside PCPE for many years, have no trace of truth, they are intentional attacks that show this group’s mutation”.
Furthermore, cde. Marinos stressed the danger that positions which promote the so-called ideologies of “21st century Socialism” or “Market Socialism” pose for the international communist movement. He pointed out that “We fight against the difficulties from a position of principles, based on the communist ideology and politics, with a line of rupture and overthrow and not with incorporation in the system and search for managment choices”.
In his intervention, Giorgos Marinos also talked about the need for struggle against imperialist wars, for the disengagement of the countries from the imperialist alliances with the people in power.
The 12th Congress of the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) declares 2017 as the year of Socialism

Tuesday, May 30, 2017

The 12th Congress of the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) declares 2017 as the year of Socialism

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/05/the-12th-congress-of-communist-party-of.html
The Communist Party of Turkey’s (TKP) 12th Congress was held in Istanbul on May 27-28 with the slogan, ‘to empower the socialist alternative’. The Congress unanimously approved six basic documents, and declared 2017 as ‘the year of socialism’. The Congress has also announced that TKP will hold a ‘festival of socialism’ during the anniversary of the Great October Revolution.
Many important resolutions were taken during the conference sessions, in which 383 delegates from all party organisations participated, including 14 delegates from abroad.
The conference started with the opening speech of Kemal Okuyan, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Turkey.
Party member poet Nihat Behram’s salutation message was also read during the conference. Nihat Behram has donated the revenues of his book to TKP. Communist poet’s bookmarks the 50th year of his poetry.
‘THE YEAR OF SOCIALISM’
 
Many delegates took part in discussions and made contributions during the 2-day countrywide conference of TKP. The delegates unanimously approved such documents as “The Preface of the Party Programme”, “On the Party and Party life”, “Our Road is the Road of Revolution at the 100th Year of the Great October Socialist Revolution”, “Theses of 2017 on Imperialism Regarding Russia and China”, “Theses on the Party History”, “The Political and Organizational Goals, June 2017-June 2018”.
The Conference that was held with the slogan, “to empower the socialist alternative”, declared the existing working period as “the year of Socialism”, and decided to hold a grand “Festival of Socialism” during the anniversary of the October Revolution.
Apart from various documents and the report on the political and organisational goals, which were approved by the Congress delegation, some political resolutions were also put on the agenda.
TKP’s 12th Congress-Turkey Conference ended with the closing speech by Kemal Okuyan.
POLITICAL RESOLUTIONS OF TKP’s 12th CONGRESS
 
The Communist Party of Turkey’s 12th Congress approved and declared seven political resolutions.
The first resolution, “On the anniversary of the June Resistance”, echoes the fourth anniversary of Turkey’s mass anti-governmental protests and rallies in 2013, which attracted millions of people across the country, particularly in İstanbul’s iconic Taksim Square. 8 people were murdered by the police force of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) during the protests.
Indicating to the secularist position of the patriotic people in June 2013, TKP has declared that the people could not fit in the counterrevolution of AKP. TKP enthusiastically commemorates the fourth anniversary of the June Resistance in 2013, and bows respectfully before the memory of the people who lost their lives.
TKP’s 12th Congress has pointed out to the importance of the June Resistance and the role of the Party: “This mass movement, sustained by millions of compatriots for months, was a unique action in the history of our country. The Communist Party of Turkey took its part in the front lines of the resistance during the months of summer in 2013, made significant contributions in respect of militant struggles and also made critical interventions in the political character of the movement.”
TKP has also underlined the liberal and liquidationist attacks within the left: “The June Resistance could not gain continuity as a dynamic of the mass struggle because of insufficiencies in this very second aspect. It is not a coincidence that after 2013, a liberal political restoration and liquidation of the left was intended. The hegemonic powers tried to take revenge of the resistance by not only imposing nefarious policies of pressure but also intercepting the left.”
Following this political resolution, TKP has promised to bring the AKP power to account for all the crimes committed against Turkey’s people.
‘LOOTERS WILL BE BROUGHT TO ACCOUNT’
 
The second political resolution of the Congress, “On ‘the power of the rich’”, states: “A capitalist dictatorship reigns in Turkey. The capitalist dictatorship is run by deputy politicians in the name of bosses.”
For the struggle against ‘the power of the rich’, TKP has declared: “12th Congress of the Communist Party of Turkey emphasises that this is a robbery that deprives our working people, who are getting poorer day by day, of all their rights. It represents the gravest attack against the dignity of our people. Our Congress declares that the working class will bring this humiliation to account.”
The third political resolution underlines the Party’s solidarity with the glass workers, whose strike was banned by the AKP government under the pretext of “a threat to national security”.
Announcing that the working class will not yield, this resolution has also described the recent situation of the working people in Turkey: “It has been a custom for the AKP government, which does not hesitate to attack the most fundamental rights of the working class, to ban strikes and to justify it with concerns of national security. Recently they also intended to ban the strike of the metal workers, which was frustrated with the actual struggle of workers. Now our sister and brother workers are defending their labour against the ban on strike declared in facilities of Şişecam [Turkey’s biggest glassware enterprise]. The unyielding glass workers are leading this resistance not only for their own rights but also on the name of our people as a whole.”
Upon the Congress resolution, TKP has declared that it will continue with all might its solidarity with the workers’ resistance and called all pro-labour forces to be part of the resistance.
‘ON THE POLICIES OF THE STATE OF EMERGENCY’
 
TKP’s 12th Congress has also pointed out to the unlawful implementations of the government that sacked tens of thousands of labourers during the existing long-termed state of emergency in Turkey. TKP, therefore, has declared that Nuriye Gülmen and Semih Özakça should be set free. The two educators in question were sacked by the government, started a hunger strike for over 2 months for their right to work, and finally were arrested by the government.
TKP has clearly pointed out: “Finally, the arrest of Nuriye Gülmen and Semih Özakça, the education workers who chose to resist with the hunger strike for their right to work, with fabricated reasons has blatantly shown the inhumane and labour-enemy character of the reactionary capitalist government. The Communist Party of Turkey categorically protests that and demands the liberation of Gülmen and Özakça and immediate restitution of their jobs.”
‘UNITED STRUGGLE OF THE PEOPLES OF THE REGION FOR SOCIALISM’
 
12th Congress of the Communist Party of Turkey has taken a fifth political resolution regarding the foreign affairs of Turkey’s ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP). TKP has particularly indicated to the notorious role of AKP in Syria, Cyprus and the Middle East:
“The foreign policy of AKP against the neighbouring countries as being totally irrelevant to the historical values of our people. AKP government is primarily liable of the current war and the bloodshed in Syria. AKP government initiates provocation against Greece and tries to antagonise our people, whenever it needs to manipulate the domestic or foreign political agenda. AKP government prefers to keep the Cyprus issue unsolved to be able to blackmail all the people of the Island. AKP government has been threatening the peoples of the regions and involving military activity implicitly and explicitly at times in the Middle East at others in the Black Sea. Those policies are amongst the primary reasons of the lost lives of thousands of immigrants, wars and bloodshed in our region.”
TKP has shown its fraternal solidarity with the neighbouring peoples in the region, emphasising that peace and justice could be achieved only with the struggle for socialism.
‘THE VENEZUELAN REVOLUTION WILL NOT SURRENDER’
 
The sixth political resolution of TKP’s 12th Congress has pointed out to the imperialist-led intervention in Venezuela: “Venezuela is being a scene of a nefarious scenario of counter-revolution by imperialism and its collaborators. The purpose of the provocation of the right-wing opposition, the smear campaigns waged by international bourgeois media, and the violent counter-revolutionary actions, which caused lives of tens of people, is to drag the Bolivarian government into chaos and pay the way for counter-revolution.”
In addition to its message of solidarity with the people of Venezuela, TKP has also stated its support to the Venezuelan Communists: “The Communist Party of Turkey salutes enthusiastically the strategic preference and policies of the Communist Party of Venezuela to deepen the revolution to protect it and, through the Communist Party of Venezuela, conveys its message of solidarity with the people of Venezuela.”
‘WE SALUTE SOCIALIST CUBA’
 
The seventh political resolution of TKP’s 12th Congress has saluted Socialist Cuba, which has been targeted by imperialism, particularly the US imperialism, for long decades.
Declaring its solidarity with Cuba, TKP has underlined that the Cuban people have proved repeatedly that they would never retreat from the gains of socialism and the merits of patriotism.
In conclusion, TKP has shown solidarity with the Cuban people and their vanguard the Communist Party of Cuba, saluting Raul Castro as the comrade and leader of Cuban socialism.
Held with a slogan to empower the socialist alternative in Turkey and reinforced the decisive stance of TKP, 12th Congress of the Communist of Turkey received so many greetings and solidarity messages from the communist and workers’ parties around the whole world.
“Ni tierra, ni mar, ni aire para los imperialistas”: Internationalist event by the PCPE in Madrid

Saturday, May 20, 2017

“Ni tierra, ni mar, ni aire para los imperialistas”: Internationalist event by the PCPE in Madrid

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/05/ni-tierra-ni-mar-ni-aire-par-los.html
“No land, no sea, no air to Imperialists”.
 
An international event against the imperialist wars takes place on Saturday, May 20, at 6.00 pm in Madrid (Auditorio El Madroño, C/ Villardondiego, 36). The event, organised by the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE), will be attended by representatives of other communist parties, including the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Italy Marco Rizzo and the member of the International Relations Bureau of the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) Can Seven
 
The KKE will be represented by the member of the Political Bureau Giorgos Marinos and Lefteris Nikolaou, member of the International Relations department of the CC of the Party. 
 
The event will be addressed by the General Secretary of the PCPE Ástor García as well as Marina Gómez, Secretary General of the CJC (Colectivos de Jovenes Comunistas).
Internationalist event on May 7 in Berlin: 72 years after the Great Antifascist Victory of the Peoples

Saturday, May 6, 2017

Internationalist event on May 7 in Berlin: 72 years after the Great Antifascist Victory of the Peoples

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/05/internationalist-event-on-may-7-in.html
An important internationalist event is being organized by the European Communist Initiative in Berlin on Sunday 7/5, with as its theme:
«May 9, 72 years after the Great Antifascist Victory of the Peoples: We are inspired and continue the struggle against the distortion of history by the EU-capital. For the overthrow of the system that creates crises, wars, fascism.”
The event is supported by the Party Organization of the KKE in Germany and Party Organization of the CP of Turkey in Germany. The programme of the event will include interventions from the representatives of the CPs that participate in the “Initiative” and a concert with songs of the Red Army and other revolutionary songs.
The 15 Parties that have declared their participation are:
Communist Revolutionary Party of France
Pole of Communist Revival in France
Communist Party of Greece
Workers’ Party of Ireland
Communist Party, Italy
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain
Socialist Workers Party of Croatia
Belarusian Communist Party of Workers-Section of the CPSU
Communist Party of Norway
Hungarian Workers’ Party
Communist Party of Poland
Russian Communist Workers’ Party
Communist Party of Sweden
Communist Party of Turkey


A representative of the German CP will also attend the event.
The representatives of the parties of the European Communist Initiative will visit and lay a wreath at the Soviet War Memorial in Treptower Park, where thousands of soldiers of the Red Army who gave their lives in the tough battle to capture Berlin in April and May of 1945 are buried. The imposing statue of the Soviet Soldier is at the centre of the memorial.
The Secretariat of the European Communist Initiative in its statement-invitation for the events being organized in Berlin and in reference to the importance of the Great Antifascist Victory of the Peoples notes the following:
“On the 1st of May 1945, the red flag with the hammer and sickle, the flag of the Soviet Union, flew over the Reichstag. On the 9th of May, fascist Germany surrendered unconditionally. The victory was sealed in this way against the fascist imperialist bloc. The Red Army, the USSR played a decisive role in crushing it, with enormous losses and sacrifices for the liberation of the peoples.
The EU, the bourgeois classes in every country are attempting to delete this historical truth. They are seeking to rewrite history so that the lessons are erased which can today strengthen the struggle of the peoples. They are falsifying the history of the events of this period and are continuing the efforts to name the 9th of May as the “Day of Europe”, provocatively equating communism with the fascist monster. At the same time, the EU on the 6th of May will open the so-called “European House of History” in Brussels with the aim of making the historical falsification systematic, which has been poisoning working class and popular consciousness for a long time, targeting the youth in particular.
In the face of all this, we, the European Communist Initiative, are inspired and continue the struggle against the historical distortions of the EU-capital. For the overthrow of the rotten capitalist system that gives rise to crises, wars, fascism.”
Kemal Okuyan: “Turkey does not have any other choice. We need socialism as we need air and water” (Interview with TKP’s First Secretary)

Tuesday, April 18, 2017

Kemal Okuyan: “Turkey does not have any other choice. We need socialism as we need air and water” (Interview with TKP’s First Secretary)

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/04/kemal-okuyan-turkey-does-not-have-any.html
The interview by soL news portal with Kemal Okuyan, First Secretary of the CC of TKP (Communist Party of Turkey), on the results of the 16 April referendum in Turkey.
Source: International Communist Press, 17 April 2017.
soL: What can you say right away about the results of the referendum?
KO: We cannot talk about an arithmetical result. They did something they are good at, and they have stolen the results. Our logic, our mind and conscience tell us that ‘No’ won in arithmetic terms, too. 
Yet, there are other results. First of all, we see all they could muster despite all their repression, exploitation of public resources, and fraud; the picture speaks for itself. We saw that in reality their followers do not add up to more than 40 percent of the population in Turkey.

And still more importantly, the resistance in big cities increased rather than decreased. Istanbul and Ankara have been added to Izmir. We should also count Adana, Mersin, Diyarbakır, Antalya, Denizli, Aydın, and Eskişehir. With this picture you cannot change the constitution whatsoever. You only think you can. 

soL: Before coming to that matter, let’s talk about fraud. Did they really have a big impact on the election?
KO: If we take into account all violations as a whole, yes of course they did. Why don’t we call utilization of all public resources in favor of ‘Yes’ a fraud? The media lies, are not those fraud? The threats, the terrorization, aren’t those fraud? They limited the number of parties eligible to participate in the elections, decreasing the number of ballot observers, isn’t this a fraud? To all that, add what they did on the day of referendum. Missing ballot papers, unsealed ballot papers, images of people casting ‘Yes’ outside the voting cabins, even on the streets, thousands of people shamelessly showing off photos of their votes for ‘Yes’, photos of group of people standing all at once in the same cabin, unlawful interventions by the police and the gendarmerie, repeated voting, and finally the decision of the Supreme Committee of Election to accept unsealed ballot papers. When you take into account all this as a whole, the referendum is wallowed in mud. 
soL: Can anything be done about it?
KO: The people should respond. Yet, there is the Republican People’s Party (CHP), which stands as a barrier in front of the people’s reactions, a party which people still have faith in. Erdoğan should once again thank Kılıçdaroğlu, the leader of CHP.
soL: What can CHP really do?
KO: CHP cannot do anything. They cannot; but we are the ones who know that. The mass base of CHP constantly get their hopes up, “maybe this time…”, and choose to wait. Each time, CHP very successfully fulfills the task of soothing the anger and the energy of the masses. Before the referendum, we were saying that there were CHP cadre who wished for a ‘Yes’ result with a slight margin. Those cadre also include Kılıçdaroğlu, the leader of CHP.
soL: How can you be so sure?
KO: First of all, Kılıçdaroğlu was not ready for a ‘No’ result. What was he going to do if ‘No’ succeeded? The government would not accept the result and there would be a lot of tension… All along the referendum process, Kılıçdaroğlu did nothing but preached for ‘consensus’. There is nothing about ‘power’ here. Secondly, and most importantly, we should not forget that ‘Yes’ was the result aspired by a large section of the big capital and international monopolies. It is the bosses who have been advocating for the presidential system for years. We know that the imperialist centers also pushed for a system with strengthened executive powers. The only problem is the extremism and rash manners of Erdoğan. A ‘Yes’ with a narrow margin would have restrained Erdoğan on the one hand, and keep in force a ‘program’ with a wide space for maneuver for the capital on the other hand. They achieved what they desired. This is the personal mission of Kılıçdaroğlu for years.
soL: Then, will this lead to some relief? I mean, if this was what they wanted… 
KO: No. This is because the contradictions within the imperialist system have reached serious levels and Turkey is standing on a crucial juncture of those contradictions. On the one hand, Erdoğan is extending his political life exploiting these contradictions, and on the other hand, this continuously means new mines on Erdoğan’s path. There is no room for stability in this picture. Nor the internal dynamics of Turkey can produce stability. Erdoğan is an unbearable burder for Turkey. Culturally, ideologically, politically, and economically… And there is another fact that is slowly surfacing: the working classes of Turkey cannot withstand Erdoğan and his mentality. No matter what Kılıçdaroğlu does…
soL: What will happen then?
KO: The status quo in the Turkish political order has been shaken as of yesterday. There are serious problems in AKP. Let’s say they knew they had already lost Izmir; but a government party that has also lost Ankara and Istanbul… If the results had been a little bit worse, Erdoğan would not have had any choice but to rush to take up the presidency of AKP. 
CHP never ceases to have problems anyway. In all these years I have never met a CHP member who is happy with CHP.  There, the discussion never ends. 
And now there is a new reality in the Turkish bourgeois politics: Akşener. Her team will eat into AKP as Erdoğan and AKP face difficulties. This team has already become the representative of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP). They will also attract the attention of the discontented in CHP. We know that there are preparations and dialogue for the construction of a new ‘center’. 
The other party in the parliament, People’s Democratic Party (HDP), showed that it has been able to successfully consolidate its grassroots despite all the repression. 
soL: So, what should we expect in politics: recovery or disintegration?
KO: For recovery, disintegration is needed first. However, at this moment Turkey seems far from such episodic classifications; ambiguities increase each day in the country. Especially in this world! This is why we argued that the referendum alone would not be able to determine everything at once. 
soL: That is where I was trying to get to. TKP said, “Continue the struggle whethre the result is ‘Yes’ or ‘No’”. After the referendum, can we attach new meanings to this perspective?
KO: TKP said so because if ‘No’ had succeeded, this would have been a big achievement, a step forward that would lead to positive results but it would never have been a solution in itself. There was not even a level of organization to protect the ‘No’ votes. And actually this was confirmed. Mathematically we know that more than half of the voters in Turkey voted for ‘No’. Yet, the party in power stole them and the response was no more than a few very valuable but weak actions. We also said, ‘Yes’ would not be the end of the world. Now is it the end of the world? Do we now have to pack and leave? No way! TKP was and still is calling for immediate escalation of organized struggle. Yet, on a different basis…
soL: What is that basis? 
KO: TKP is a party that defends enlightenment, secularism and the Republic against religious fundamentalism. Without any hesitation and from the beginning… And today in Turkey, the majority of the ‘No’ votes are centered on secularism, although not all of them. However, there is a clear fact in Turkey: the deadlock in Turkey cannot be solved through the polarization between secularism and religious fundamentalism. Secularism alone cannot push back religious fundamentalism, and vice versa. What they want is to reconcile these two poles and strengthen the transitive area in between. This would actually mean the triumph of religious fundamentalism. Just as ‘moderate Islam’ is an imperialist fabrication, there is nothing such as moderate Enlightenment or moderate secularism. Yet, the gang of bosses still wants that. This would be the defeat of the society in Turkey. The deadlock can only be resolved by a class-based polarization. Secularism also needs that. 
TKP is primarily a class party; we fight for the emancipation of the working class and we affirm that emancipation of the working class is the emancipation of the whole society. Here we do not pit secularism against working class struggle, the struggle for socialism. We just say: in this bourgeois world, in this capitalist order, forget about secularism; what you will find is its caricature.
soL: So, you mean without class-based politics, secularism cannot get the upper hand against religious fundamentalism. Then, Turkey will not be able to overcome this deadlock in the short term. Is that true?
KO: No, it won’t. However, in countries like Turkey, it is difficult to say what is the short term and what is the long term. Imperialism is in crisis. And the capitalist order in Turkey is on the brink of a very serious economic crisis. Lack of organization in such a period is fatal. We insist in our call. The people in Turkey should be organized. And secular sectors should leave behind the heedlessness, “We don’t mind the exploitation and injustices continuing as long as they don’t mess with our raki (an alcoholic beverage) or the length of our skirt”; there is no other choice.
soL: Can the pro-‘No’ sector go through such a transformation?
KO: Look, in a sense, the referendum is behind us. The result is illegitimate; this is an indisputable fact. But from now on, people should raise their heads from the ballot box and focus on the realities of life. This society is unorganized. We are unorganized in factories, in offices, in schools, in neighborhoods. Then, you cannot protect your votes either. It is not enough to sing the Anthem of Izmir. Those who are satisfied with this capitalist order but do not want to lose secularism will have to take care of themselves on their own if they remain satisfied with the system; they do not have the right to complain. However, the majority of the voters of ‘No’ are workers. We should start understanding that it was the bourgeois class who placed dynamites in the foundations of secularism in Turkey, and that what we call imperialism is an order of monopolies. And there is no way to deal with it unless you are organized.
soL: Do we need to address the pro-‘No’ sector only?
KO: Primarily yes. This is the only way to be able to extend hand to the working people in the social basis of AKP. If ‘No’ loses energy, if its self-confidence gets weaker, if the atmosphere of defeat becomes prevalent, nothing can be changed in this country. No one can be convinced. And there is only one single way to infuse energy and identity to ‘No’: giving it the color of the working class. This is not a mathematical operation but a political one. The day one tenth of the voters of ‘No’ take such an organized stance, everything will change. And nobody will be able to steal it! Neither the governing party, nor the official ‘AA’ new agency, nor the Supreme Committee of Election!
soL: Do you believe that such organization will be possible in the near future?
KO: This country does not have any other choice. TKP will make the utmost effort. We need socialism as we need air and water. We are in favorable conditions to explain this, we are in favorable conditions to get people to understand it, we are in favorable conditions to organize it. The idea of Republic also needs socialism. Turkey cannot bear Erdoğan and capitalism cannot bear the Republic. Then what? 
soL: Finally, what would you like to say?
KO: Before and on the day of the referendum many people worked for a ‘No’ outcome with great sincerity and self-sacrifice. These people are the honor of this country. Nobody should regret that all those efforts went for nothing. Nothing is in vain. Yesterday a very important lesson was learnt. If you are unorganized, you are nothing. If we fulfill the requirements of that lesson, there is nothing to be pessimistic about.

* * * 


Türkiye şaibelerle dolu bir oylama sürecini daha geride bıraktı… Gelinen tabloyu Türkiye Komünist Partisi (TKP) Merkez Komite Üyesi Kemal Okuyan’a sorduk.
 
soL’un sorularını yanıtlayan Kemal Okuyan, “Bu tabloyla anayasa filan değiştiremezsiniz. Değiştirdiğinizi sanırsınız. Türkiye Erdoğan’ı taşımıyor. Kültürel açıdan, ideolojik açıdan, siyasi açıdan, ekonomik açıdan… Yavaş yavaş ortaya çıkan bir gerçek daha var, Türkiye’nin emekçi sınıfları da Erdoğan’ı ve onun zihniyetini taşıyamaz” dedi. 
 
TKP’nin “Evet de çıksa hayır da çıksa mücadeleye devam” kararlılığını da vurgulayan Okuyan, “Başka çaresi yok bu ülkenin. TKP elinden geleni yapacak. Sosyalizm hava kadar, su kadar açık bir gereksinim. Bunu anlatmak için koşullar uygun, bunun anlaşılması için koşullar uygun, bunun örgütlenmesi için koşullar uygun. Cumhuriyet düşüncesinin de sosyalizme ihtiyacı var. Türkiye Erdoğan’ı, kapitalizm de cumhuriyeti taşıyamıyor” diye konuştu.
 
Referandum sonuçlarına ilişkin ilk başta, hemen ne söylenebilir?
 
Ortada matematiksel bir sonuç yok. İyi bildikleri bir şeyi yaparak, o sonucu çaldılar. Elimizde bir sonuç bulunmuyor. Mantık, akıl ve vicdanımız ise “hayır”ın matematiksel olarak da kazandığını söylüyor. Ancak başka sonuçlar da var. Bir kere, bu kadar baskıya, devlet olanağına, hileye rağmen çıkartabildikleri tablo ortada. Gerçekte Türkiye’nin yüzde 40’ı diyebiliriz, bu iktidarın peşinden gidenlerin oranı için. Bundan daha önemlisi, büyük kentlerdeki direncin azalmayıp artmasıdır. İzmir’e, İstanbul ve Ankara da eklendi. Adana, Mersin, Diyarbakır, Antalya’yı da hesaba katın. Denizli, Aydın, Eskişehir’i… Bu tabloyla anayasa filan değiştiremezsiniz. Değiştirdiğinizi sanırsınız.
 
Oraya geçmeden, seçim hilelerinden söz edelim. Gerçekten büyük bir etkisi var mı seçim hilesinin?
 
Bir bütün olarak tüm ihlalleri alırsak elbette var. Devletin bütün olanaklarının “evet” için kullanılmasına neden hile demiyoruz? Medya yalanları hile değil mi? Tehditler, estirilen terör hile değil mi? Seçimlere katılmaya hak kazanan partilerin sayısını düşürüp sandık gözlemcilerini azaltmak hile değil mi? Bunların üstüne referandum günü yapılanları ekleyin. Eksik pusulalar, mühürsüz pusulalar, dışarıda eğlene eğlene “evet”e mühür basma görüntüleri, “evet” tercihini arsızca teşhir eden binlerce kişi, oy kabinine iki-üç kişi girmeler, polis ve jandarmanın hukuksuz müdahaleleri, mükerrer oy kullanımı ve en sonunda mühürsüz oy pusulasının kabul edileceğine dair YSK açıklaması… Bunu bir bütün olarak aldığınızda her tarafı çamur bu referandumun!
 
Peki buna karşı bir şey yapılamaz mı?
 
Halkın tepki vermesi gerek. Ancak halkın o tepkisinin önünde duran, hâlâ insanların ümit beslediği bir CHP var. Erdoğan bir kez daha Kılıçdaroğlu’na teşekkür etsin. 
 
CHP ne yapabilir ki?
 
CHP bir şey yapamaz. Yapamaz ama bunu biz biliyoruz. CHP tabanı sürekli “bu kez acaba…” diye umutlanıyor ve bekliyor. Her defasında biriken öfke ve enerjiyi yatıştırma görevini büyük bir başarıyla yerine getiriyor CHP… Seçim öncesinde CHP yönetiminde az farkla “evet” çıkmasını isteyenler olduğunu konuşuyorduk. Bunlar arasında Kılıçdaroğlu da var.
 
Nasıl bu kadar kesin konuşabiliyorsunuz?
 
“Hayır”a hazır değildi Kılıçdaroğlu, bu bir… Ne yapacak “hayır” çıkınca. Hükümet kabul etmeyecek, bir sürü gerginlik… Bütün referandum kampanyası boyunca Kılıçdaroğlu “uzlaşma” demekten başka bir şey yapmadı. Burada “iktidar” yok. İkincisi ve asıl önemlisi, bu sonucun hem büyük sermaye, hem uluslararası tekellerin ağırlıklı kesiminin istediği bir sonuç olduğunu unutmayalım. Başkanlık sistemini yıllardır pişiren önde gelen patronlarımızdır. Emperyalist merkezlerin de, yürütmenin güçlendirilmesine yarayacak bir sistem için çaba harcadıklarını biliyoruz. Dertleri Erdoğan’ın aşırılıkları, başına buyrukluklarıdır. Az farkla çıkan “evet” bir yandan Erdoğan’ın elini kolunu bağlayacak, diğer yandan da sermayenin hareket alanının alabildiğine geniş olduğu bir “programı” yürülükte tutacaktı. İstenen oldu. Kılıçdaroğlu’nun kişisel misyonu yıllardır budur.
 
Peki bu bir rahatlama getirir mi? Yani eğer istedikleri olduysa…
 
Getirmez. Çünkü emperyalist sistem içi çelişkiler, çok ciddi boyutlarda ve Türkiye bu çelişkilerin düğüm noktalarından birinde. Erdoğan bir yandan bu çelişkileri kullanarak siyasi ömrünü uzatıyor ama öte yandan bu çelişkiler Erdoğan için sürekli yeni mayınlar döşenmesi demek. Buradan istikrar çıkmaz. Türkiye’nin iç dinamiklerinden de istikrar çıkmaz. Türkiye Erdoğan’ı taşımıyor. Kültürel açıdan, ideolojik açıdan, siyasi açıdan, ekonomik açıdan… Yavaş yavaş ortaya çıkan bir gerçek daha var, Türkiye’nin emekçi sınıfları da Erdoğan’ı ve onun zihniyetini taşıyamaz. Kılıçdaroğlu ağzıyla kuş tutsa taşıyamaz.
 
Peki ne olacak?
 
Bir kere düzen siyasetinde taşlar dün itibariyle yerinden oynadı. AKP’de büyük sorun var. Hadi İzmir zaten malum, üstüne Ankara ve İstanbul’u kaybeden bir iktidar partisi. Sonuçlar biraz daha gerileseydi, Erdoğan’ın hemen ertesi gün apar topar AKP’nin başına geçmek dışında seçeneği kalmayacaktı. CHP’de zaten her daim sorun var. Ben yıllardır CHP’den memnun olan tek bir CHP’liye rastlamadım. Orada tartışma devam eder. Sonra düzen siyasetinde artık bir Akşener gerçeği var. Erdoğan ve AKP zorlandıkça, AKP’yi kemirirler. MHP’yi temsil yetkisini de eline aldı bu ekip. Üstüne CHP tabanındaki hoşnutsuzların da ilgisini çekecektir. Zaten yeni bir “merkez” inşası doğrultusunda hazırlıklar ve temaslar olduğunu biliyoruz. Parlamentodaki bir diğer parti HDP ise onca baskıya rağmen kendi tabanını önemli ölçüde konsolide edebildiğini gösterdi.
 
Bir toparlanma mı, dağılma mı beklenmeli siyasette?
 
Toparlanma için önce dağılma gerekir. Ancak şu anda Türkiye bu tür dönemsel tasniflerden çok, belirsizliğin her geçen gün daha da artttığı bir ülkedir. Hele bu dünyada! Referandumun hiçbir şeyi tek başına belirlemeyeceğini söylememiz biraz da bu yüzdendi.
 
Oraya gelecektim. TKP “Evet de çıksa hayır da çıksa mücadeleye devam” diyordu. 
Referandum sonrasında bu değerlendirmeye yeni bir anlam yüklenebilir mi?
 
TKP böyle diyordu çünkü “hayır” çıksa, bu büyük bir başarı, olumlu sonuçlar yaratacak bir gelişme olurdu ama kendi başına asla bir çözüm olmazdı. “Hayır”lara sahip çıkacak bir örgütlülük bile yoktu ortada. Ve aslında bu doğrulandı. Matematiksel olarak Türkiye’de seçmenin yarıdan fazlasının “hayır” dediğini biliyoruz. Ama iktidar çalıyor o sonucu ve toplama bakıldığında son derece değerli ama cılız Boyun Eğme’yen tepkilerden ibaret hırsızlığa verilen yanıt. “Evet çıkarsa da dünyanın sonu değil” diyorduk. Şimdi dünyanın sonu mu geldi? Tası tarağı toplamamız mı gerekiyor? Hadi canım! TKP, örgütlü mücadelenin hızla yükselmesi için bir çağrı yapıyordu, yapıyor… Ama farklı bir zeminde.
 
Nedir o zemin? 
 
TKP gericiliğe karşı aydınlanmacılığı, laikliği, cumhuriyeti savunan bir parti. Hiç tereddütsüz ve başından beri. Türkiye’de de şu anda “hayır”ların tamamında değil ama merkezinde de laiklik duruyor. Ancak ortada çok açık bir gerçek var. Türkiye’deki kilitlenmeyi laiklik-gericilik kutuplaşması çözemez. Laiklik gericiliği, gericilik laikliği kendi başlarına geriletemezler. Bu kutupları uzlaştırmak, onların arasındaki geçişken alanı güçlendirmek istiyorlar. Bu aslında gericiliğin kazanması demek. “Ilımlı İslam” nasıl bir emperyalist uydurmasıysa, “ılımlı aydınlanma”, “ılımlı laiklik” de artık olmaz. Ama yine de bunu istiyor patron tayfası. Bu, Türkiye toplumunun yenilgisi olur. Kilitlenmeyi sınıf ekseninde bir taraflaşma çözer ancak. Laikliğin de buna gereksinimi var. TKP her şeyden önce bir sınıf partisi, işçi sınıfının kurtuluşu için mücadele ediyor ve işçi sınıfının kurtuluşu bütün toplumun kurtuluşudur diyor. Burada laiklikle işçi sınıfının mücadelesini, sosyalizm mücadelesini karşı karşıya koymuyoruz, sadece şunu diyoruz: Burjuva dünyasında, bu düzende laikliği unutun. Onun karikatürüne talim edersiniz. 
 
Laiklikle gericiliğin birbirine bu şekilde üstünlük sağlayamayacağını söylüyorsunuz. O halde kısa erimde Türkiye bu kilitlenmeyi aşamaz mı?
 
Aşamaz. Ancak Türkiye gibi ülkelerde kısa zaman dilimi nedir, uzun zaman dilimi nedir bu biraz karışık. Emperyalizm krizde. Türkiye’de de düzen çok ciddi bir ekonomik krizin eşiğinde. Bu tabloda emekçi halkın eli kolu bağlı durmayacağı açık. Lakin örgütsüzlük böyle bir dönemde ölümdür. Çağrımızda ısrarlıyız. Türkiye’de halk örgütlenmelidir. Laik duyarlılığı olan kesimler ise “sömürü olsun, adaletsizlikler sürsün ama rakımıza, eteğimize kimse karışmasın” aymazlığından çıkacak, başka çaresi yok.
 
“Hayır”cı kesim böyle bir dönüşüm yaşayabilir mi?
 
Bakın referandum bir açıdan geride kaldı. Sonuç meşru değil, bu tartışılamayacak gerçek. Ancak şimdi insanlar kafalarını sandıktan kaldırıp hayatın gerçeklerine odaklanmalı. Bu toplum örgütsüz. Fabrikada örgütsüz, ofiste örgütsüz, okulda örgütsüz, mahallede örgütsüz. E o zaman oylarını da koruyamazsın. İzmir Marşı yetmiyor. Bu düzenden memnun olan ama “laiklik elden gitmesin” diyenler eğer bunda inat edeceklerse kendi başlarının çaresine bakacaklar ve şikayet etmeyecekler. Ancak Hayır diyenlerin önemli bir oranı emekçidir. Türkiye’de laikliğin temellerine dinamiti sermaye sınıfının yerleştirdiğini, emperyalizm emperyalizm denen şeyin de tekellerin düzeni olduğunu anlayarak işe başlanabilir. Bununla örgütsüz baş edilemez. 
 
Sadece “hayır”cı kesime mi hitap edilmeli?
 
Öncelikli olarak evet. AKP tabanındaki emekçi insanlara el uzatmanın yolu da bu. “Hayır”daki enerji yok olursa, orada özgüven azalırsa, yenilgi havası yaygınlaşırsa bu ülkede hiçbir şey olmaz. İkna edemezsiniz. “Hayır”lara enerji ve kişilik aşılamanın da tek yolu var: Ona işçi sınıfının rengini vermek. Bu matematiksel bir işlem değil, siyasal bir işlem. Türkiye’de “hayır”ların onda biri böyle bir örgütlülüğe yerleşsin, her şey değişir. Üstelik bunu ne iktidar, ne Anadolu Ajansı, ne YSK çalabilir!
 
Böyle bir örgütlülüğü yakın gelecekte olası görüyor musunuz?
 
Başka çaresi yok bu ülkenin. TKP elinden geleni yapacak. Sosyalizm hava kadar, su kadar açık bir gereksinim. Bunu anlatmak için koşullar uygun, bunun anlaşılması için koşullar uygun, bunun örgütlenmesi için koşullar uygun. Cumhuriyet düşüncesinin de sosyalizme ihtiyacı var. Türkiye Erdoğan’ı, kapitalizm de cumhuriyeti taşıyamıyor. O halde? 
 
Son olarak ne söylemek istersiniz?
 
Referandum günü ve öncesinde birçok kişi büyük bir samimiyetle, fedakarlıkla “hayır”lar için çalıştı. Ülkenin onurudur bu insanlar. Bu emeğin boşa gittiğini düşünerek kimse hayıflanmasın. Hiçbir şey boşa değildir. Çok önemli bir ders çıkarıldı dün: Örgütsüzsen hiçbir şeysin. Bu dersin gerekleri yerine getirilirse, enseyi karartmak için bir neden bulunmamaktadır.