Category: Communist Party Turkey
Kemal Okuyan: “Turkey does not have any other choice. We need socialism as we need air and water” (Interview with TKP’s First Secretary)

Tuesday, April 18, 2017

Kemal Okuyan: “Turkey does not have any other choice. We need socialism as we need air and water” (Interview with TKP’s First Secretary)

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/04/kemal-okuyan-turkey-does-not-have-any.html
The interview by soL news portal with Kemal Okuyan, First Secretary of the CC of TKP (Communist Party of Turkey), on the results of the 16 April referendum in Turkey.
Source: International Communist Press, 17 April 2017.
soL: What can you say right away about the results of the referendum?
KO: We cannot talk about an arithmetical result. They did something they are good at, and they have stolen the results. Our logic, our mind and conscience tell us that ‘No’ won in arithmetic terms, too. 
Yet, there are other results. First of all, we see all they could muster despite all their repression, exploitation of public resources, and fraud; the picture speaks for itself. We saw that in reality their followers do not add up to more than 40 percent of the population in Turkey.

And still more importantly, the resistance in big cities increased rather than decreased. Istanbul and Ankara have been added to Izmir. We should also count Adana, Mersin, Diyarbakır, Antalya, Denizli, Aydın, and Eskişehir. With this picture you cannot change the constitution whatsoever. You only think you can. 

soL: Before coming to that matter, let’s talk about fraud. Did they really have a big impact on the election?
KO: If we take into account all violations as a whole, yes of course they did. Why don’t we call utilization of all public resources in favor of ‘Yes’ a fraud? The media lies, are not those fraud? The threats, the terrorization, aren’t those fraud? They limited the number of parties eligible to participate in the elections, decreasing the number of ballot observers, isn’t this a fraud? To all that, add what they did on the day of referendum. Missing ballot papers, unsealed ballot papers, images of people casting ‘Yes’ outside the voting cabins, even on the streets, thousands of people shamelessly showing off photos of their votes for ‘Yes’, photos of group of people standing all at once in the same cabin, unlawful interventions by the police and the gendarmerie, repeated voting, and finally the decision of the Supreme Committee of Election to accept unsealed ballot papers. When you take into account all this as a whole, the referendum is wallowed in mud. 
soL: Can anything be done about it?
KO: The people should respond. Yet, there is the Republican People’s Party (CHP), which stands as a barrier in front of the people’s reactions, a party which people still have faith in. Erdoğan should once again thank Kılıçdaroğlu, the leader of CHP.
soL: What can CHP really do?
KO: CHP cannot do anything. They cannot; but we are the ones who know that. The mass base of CHP constantly get their hopes up, “maybe this time…”, and choose to wait. Each time, CHP very successfully fulfills the task of soothing the anger and the energy of the masses. Before the referendum, we were saying that there were CHP cadre who wished for a ‘Yes’ result with a slight margin. Those cadre also include Kılıçdaroğlu, the leader of CHP.
soL: How can you be so sure?
KO: First of all, Kılıçdaroğlu was not ready for a ‘No’ result. What was he going to do if ‘No’ succeeded? The government would not accept the result and there would be a lot of tension… All along the referendum process, Kılıçdaroğlu did nothing but preached for ‘consensus’. There is nothing about ‘power’ here. Secondly, and most importantly, we should not forget that ‘Yes’ was the result aspired by a large section of the big capital and international monopolies. It is the bosses who have been advocating for the presidential system for years. We know that the imperialist centers also pushed for a system with strengthened executive powers. The only problem is the extremism and rash manners of Erdoğan. A ‘Yes’ with a narrow margin would have restrained Erdoğan on the one hand, and keep in force a ‘program’ with a wide space for maneuver for the capital on the other hand. They achieved what they desired. This is the personal mission of Kılıçdaroğlu for years.
soL: Then, will this lead to some relief? I mean, if this was what they wanted… 
KO: No. This is because the contradictions within the imperialist system have reached serious levels and Turkey is standing on a crucial juncture of those contradictions. On the one hand, Erdoğan is extending his political life exploiting these contradictions, and on the other hand, this continuously means new mines on Erdoğan’s path. There is no room for stability in this picture. Nor the internal dynamics of Turkey can produce stability. Erdoğan is an unbearable burder for Turkey. Culturally, ideologically, politically, and economically… And there is another fact that is slowly surfacing: the working classes of Turkey cannot withstand Erdoğan and his mentality. No matter what Kılıçdaroğlu does…
soL: What will happen then?
KO: The status quo in the Turkish political order has been shaken as of yesterday. There are serious problems in AKP. Let’s say they knew they had already lost Izmir; but a government party that has also lost Ankara and Istanbul… If the results had been a little bit worse, Erdoğan would not have had any choice but to rush to take up the presidency of AKP. 
CHP never ceases to have problems anyway. In all these years I have never met a CHP member who is happy with CHP.  There, the discussion never ends. 
And now there is a new reality in the Turkish bourgeois politics: Akşener. Her team will eat into AKP as Erdoğan and AKP face difficulties. This team has already become the representative of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP). They will also attract the attention of the discontented in CHP. We know that there are preparations and dialogue for the construction of a new ‘center’. 
The other party in the parliament, People’s Democratic Party (HDP), showed that it has been able to successfully consolidate its grassroots despite all the repression. 
soL: So, what should we expect in politics: recovery or disintegration?
KO: For recovery, disintegration is needed first. However, at this moment Turkey seems far from such episodic classifications; ambiguities increase each day in the country. Especially in this world! This is why we argued that the referendum alone would not be able to determine everything at once. 
soL: That is where I was trying to get to. TKP said, “Continue the struggle whethre the result is ‘Yes’ or ‘No’”. After the referendum, can we attach new meanings to this perspective?
KO: TKP said so because if ‘No’ had succeeded, this would have been a big achievement, a step forward that would lead to positive results but it would never have been a solution in itself. There was not even a level of organization to protect the ‘No’ votes. And actually this was confirmed. Mathematically we know that more than half of the voters in Turkey voted for ‘No’. Yet, the party in power stole them and the response was no more than a few very valuable but weak actions. We also said, ‘Yes’ would not be the end of the world. Now is it the end of the world? Do we now have to pack and leave? No way! TKP was and still is calling for immediate escalation of organized struggle. Yet, on a different basis…
soL: What is that basis? 
KO: TKP is a party that defends enlightenment, secularism and the Republic against religious fundamentalism. Without any hesitation and from the beginning… And today in Turkey, the majority of the ‘No’ votes are centered on secularism, although not all of them. However, there is a clear fact in Turkey: the deadlock in Turkey cannot be solved through the polarization between secularism and religious fundamentalism. Secularism alone cannot push back religious fundamentalism, and vice versa. What they want is to reconcile these two poles and strengthen the transitive area in between. This would actually mean the triumph of religious fundamentalism. Just as ‘moderate Islam’ is an imperialist fabrication, there is nothing such as moderate Enlightenment or moderate secularism. Yet, the gang of bosses still wants that. This would be the defeat of the society in Turkey. The deadlock can only be resolved by a class-based polarization. Secularism also needs that. 
TKP is primarily a class party; we fight for the emancipation of the working class and we affirm that emancipation of the working class is the emancipation of the whole society. Here we do not pit secularism against working class struggle, the struggle for socialism. We just say: in this bourgeois world, in this capitalist order, forget about secularism; what you will find is its caricature.
soL: So, you mean without class-based politics, secularism cannot get the upper hand against religious fundamentalism. Then, Turkey will not be able to overcome this deadlock in the short term. Is that true?
KO: No, it won’t. However, in countries like Turkey, it is difficult to say what is the short term and what is the long term. Imperialism is in crisis. And the capitalist order in Turkey is on the brink of a very serious economic crisis. Lack of organization in such a period is fatal. We insist in our call. The people in Turkey should be organized. And secular sectors should leave behind the heedlessness, “We don’t mind the exploitation and injustices continuing as long as they don’t mess with our raki (an alcoholic beverage) or the length of our skirt”; there is no other choice.
soL: Can the pro-‘No’ sector go through such a transformation?
KO: Look, in a sense, the referendum is behind us. The result is illegitimate; this is an indisputable fact. But from now on, people should raise their heads from the ballot box and focus on the realities of life. This society is unorganized. We are unorganized in factories, in offices, in schools, in neighborhoods. Then, you cannot protect your votes either. It is not enough to sing the Anthem of Izmir. Those who are satisfied with this capitalist order but do not want to lose secularism will have to take care of themselves on their own if they remain satisfied with the system; they do not have the right to complain. However, the majority of the voters of ‘No’ are workers. We should start understanding that it was the bourgeois class who placed dynamites in the foundations of secularism in Turkey, and that what we call imperialism is an order of monopolies. And there is no way to deal with it unless you are organized.
soL: Do we need to address the pro-‘No’ sector only?
KO: Primarily yes. This is the only way to be able to extend hand to the working people in the social basis of AKP. If ‘No’ loses energy, if its self-confidence gets weaker, if the atmosphere of defeat becomes prevalent, nothing can be changed in this country. No one can be convinced. And there is only one single way to infuse energy and identity to ‘No’: giving it the color of the working class. This is not a mathematical operation but a political one. The day one tenth of the voters of ‘No’ take such an organized stance, everything will change. And nobody will be able to steal it! Neither the governing party, nor the official ‘AA’ new agency, nor the Supreme Committee of Election!
soL: Do you believe that such organization will be possible in the near future?
KO: This country does not have any other choice. TKP will make the utmost effort. We need socialism as we need air and water. We are in favorable conditions to explain this, we are in favorable conditions to get people to understand it, we are in favorable conditions to organize it. The idea of Republic also needs socialism. Turkey cannot bear Erdoğan and capitalism cannot bear the Republic. Then what? 
soL: Finally, what would you like to say?
KO: Before and on the day of the referendum many people worked for a ‘No’ outcome with great sincerity and self-sacrifice. These people are the honor of this country. Nobody should regret that all those efforts went for nothing. Nothing is in vain. Yesterday a very important lesson was learnt. If you are unorganized, you are nothing. If we fulfill the requirements of that lesson, there is nothing to be pessimistic about.

* * * 


Türkiye şaibelerle dolu bir oylama sürecini daha geride bıraktı… Gelinen tabloyu Türkiye Komünist Partisi (TKP) Merkez Komite Üyesi Kemal Okuyan’a sorduk.
 
soL’un sorularını yanıtlayan Kemal Okuyan, “Bu tabloyla anayasa filan değiştiremezsiniz. Değiştirdiğinizi sanırsınız. Türkiye Erdoğan’ı taşımıyor. Kültürel açıdan, ideolojik açıdan, siyasi açıdan, ekonomik açıdan… Yavaş yavaş ortaya çıkan bir gerçek daha var, Türkiye’nin emekçi sınıfları da Erdoğan’ı ve onun zihniyetini taşıyamaz” dedi. 
 
TKP’nin “Evet de çıksa hayır da çıksa mücadeleye devam” kararlılığını da vurgulayan Okuyan, “Başka çaresi yok bu ülkenin. TKP elinden geleni yapacak. Sosyalizm hava kadar, su kadar açık bir gereksinim. Bunu anlatmak için koşullar uygun, bunun anlaşılması için koşullar uygun, bunun örgütlenmesi için koşullar uygun. Cumhuriyet düşüncesinin de sosyalizme ihtiyacı var. Türkiye Erdoğan’ı, kapitalizm de cumhuriyeti taşıyamıyor” diye konuştu.
 
Referandum sonuçlarına ilişkin ilk başta, hemen ne söylenebilir?
 
Ortada matematiksel bir sonuç yok. İyi bildikleri bir şeyi yaparak, o sonucu çaldılar. Elimizde bir sonuç bulunmuyor. Mantık, akıl ve vicdanımız ise “hayır”ın matematiksel olarak da kazandığını söylüyor. Ancak başka sonuçlar da var. Bir kere, bu kadar baskıya, devlet olanağına, hileye rağmen çıkartabildikleri tablo ortada. Gerçekte Türkiye’nin yüzde 40’ı diyebiliriz, bu iktidarın peşinden gidenlerin oranı için. Bundan daha önemlisi, büyük kentlerdeki direncin azalmayıp artmasıdır. İzmir’e, İstanbul ve Ankara da eklendi. Adana, Mersin, Diyarbakır, Antalya’yı da hesaba katın. Denizli, Aydın, Eskişehir’i… Bu tabloyla anayasa filan değiştiremezsiniz. Değiştirdiğinizi sanırsınız.
 
Oraya geçmeden, seçim hilelerinden söz edelim. Gerçekten büyük bir etkisi var mı seçim hilesinin?
 
Bir bütün olarak tüm ihlalleri alırsak elbette var. Devletin bütün olanaklarının “evet” için kullanılmasına neden hile demiyoruz? Medya yalanları hile değil mi? Tehditler, estirilen terör hile değil mi? Seçimlere katılmaya hak kazanan partilerin sayısını düşürüp sandık gözlemcilerini azaltmak hile değil mi? Bunların üstüne referandum günü yapılanları ekleyin. Eksik pusulalar, mühürsüz pusulalar, dışarıda eğlene eğlene “evet”e mühür basma görüntüleri, “evet” tercihini arsızca teşhir eden binlerce kişi, oy kabinine iki-üç kişi girmeler, polis ve jandarmanın hukuksuz müdahaleleri, mükerrer oy kullanımı ve en sonunda mühürsüz oy pusulasının kabul edileceğine dair YSK açıklaması… Bunu bir bütün olarak aldığınızda her tarafı çamur bu referandumun!
 
Peki buna karşı bir şey yapılamaz mı?
 
Halkın tepki vermesi gerek. Ancak halkın o tepkisinin önünde duran, hâlâ insanların ümit beslediği bir CHP var. Erdoğan bir kez daha Kılıçdaroğlu’na teşekkür etsin. 
 
CHP ne yapabilir ki?
 
CHP bir şey yapamaz. Yapamaz ama bunu biz biliyoruz. CHP tabanı sürekli “bu kez acaba…” diye umutlanıyor ve bekliyor. Her defasında biriken öfke ve enerjiyi yatıştırma görevini büyük bir başarıyla yerine getiriyor CHP… Seçim öncesinde CHP yönetiminde az farkla “evet” çıkmasını isteyenler olduğunu konuşuyorduk. Bunlar arasında Kılıçdaroğlu da var.
 
Nasıl bu kadar kesin konuşabiliyorsunuz?
 
“Hayır”a hazır değildi Kılıçdaroğlu, bu bir… Ne yapacak “hayır” çıkınca. Hükümet kabul etmeyecek, bir sürü gerginlik… Bütün referandum kampanyası boyunca Kılıçdaroğlu “uzlaşma” demekten başka bir şey yapmadı. Burada “iktidar” yok. İkincisi ve asıl önemlisi, bu sonucun hem büyük sermaye, hem uluslararası tekellerin ağırlıklı kesiminin istediği bir sonuç olduğunu unutmayalım. Başkanlık sistemini yıllardır pişiren önde gelen patronlarımızdır. Emperyalist merkezlerin de, yürütmenin güçlendirilmesine yarayacak bir sistem için çaba harcadıklarını biliyoruz. Dertleri Erdoğan’ın aşırılıkları, başına buyrukluklarıdır. Az farkla çıkan “evet” bir yandan Erdoğan’ın elini kolunu bağlayacak, diğer yandan da sermayenin hareket alanının alabildiğine geniş olduğu bir “programı” yürülükte tutacaktı. İstenen oldu. Kılıçdaroğlu’nun kişisel misyonu yıllardır budur.
 
Peki bu bir rahatlama getirir mi? Yani eğer istedikleri olduysa…
 
Getirmez. Çünkü emperyalist sistem içi çelişkiler, çok ciddi boyutlarda ve Türkiye bu çelişkilerin düğüm noktalarından birinde. Erdoğan bir yandan bu çelişkileri kullanarak siyasi ömrünü uzatıyor ama öte yandan bu çelişkiler Erdoğan için sürekli yeni mayınlar döşenmesi demek. Buradan istikrar çıkmaz. Türkiye’nin iç dinamiklerinden de istikrar çıkmaz. Türkiye Erdoğan’ı taşımıyor. Kültürel açıdan, ideolojik açıdan, siyasi açıdan, ekonomik açıdan… Yavaş yavaş ortaya çıkan bir gerçek daha var, Türkiye’nin emekçi sınıfları da Erdoğan’ı ve onun zihniyetini taşıyamaz. Kılıçdaroğlu ağzıyla kuş tutsa taşıyamaz.
 
Peki ne olacak?
 
Bir kere düzen siyasetinde taşlar dün itibariyle yerinden oynadı. AKP’de büyük sorun var. Hadi İzmir zaten malum, üstüne Ankara ve İstanbul’u kaybeden bir iktidar partisi. Sonuçlar biraz daha gerileseydi, Erdoğan’ın hemen ertesi gün apar topar AKP’nin başına geçmek dışında seçeneği kalmayacaktı. CHP’de zaten her daim sorun var. Ben yıllardır CHP’den memnun olan tek bir CHP’liye rastlamadım. Orada tartışma devam eder. Sonra düzen siyasetinde artık bir Akşener gerçeği var. Erdoğan ve AKP zorlandıkça, AKP’yi kemirirler. MHP’yi temsil yetkisini de eline aldı bu ekip. Üstüne CHP tabanındaki hoşnutsuzların da ilgisini çekecektir. Zaten yeni bir “merkez” inşası doğrultusunda hazırlıklar ve temaslar olduğunu biliyoruz. Parlamentodaki bir diğer parti HDP ise onca baskıya rağmen kendi tabanını önemli ölçüde konsolide edebildiğini gösterdi.
 
Bir toparlanma mı, dağılma mı beklenmeli siyasette?
 
Toparlanma için önce dağılma gerekir. Ancak şu anda Türkiye bu tür dönemsel tasniflerden çok, belirsizliğin her geçen gün daha da artttığı bir ülkedir. Hele bu dünyada! Referandumun hiçbir şeyi tek başına belirlemeyeceğini söylememiz biraz da bu yüzdendi.
 
Oraya gelecektim. TKP “Evet de çıksa hayır da çıksa mücadeleye devam” diyordu. 
Referandum sonrasında bu değerlendirmeye yeni bir anlam yüklenebilir mi?
 
TKP böyle diyordu çünkü “hayır” çıksa, bu büyük bir başarı, olumlu sonuçlar yaratacak bir gelişme olurdu ama kendi başına asla bir çözüm olmazdı. “Hayır”lara sahip çıkacak bir örgütlülük bile yoktu ortada. Ve aslında bu doğrulandı. Matematiksel olarak Türkiye’de seçmenin yarıdan fazlasının “hayır” dediğini biliyoruz. Ama iktidar çalıyor o sonucu ve toplama bakıldığında son derece değerli ama cılız Boyun Eğme’yen tepkilerden ibaret hırsızlığa verilen yanıt. “Evet çıkarsa da dünyanın sonu değil” diyorduk. Şimdi dünyanın sonu mu geldi? Tası tarağı toplamamız mı gerekiyor? Hadi canım! TKP, örgütlü mücadelenin hızla yükselmesi için bir çağrı yapıyordu, yapıyor… Ama farklı bir zeminde.
 
Nedir o zemin? 
 
TKP gericiliğe karşı aydınlanmacılığı, laikliği, cumhuriyeti savunan bir parti. Hiç tereddütsüz ve başından beri. Türkiye’de de şu anda “hayır”ların tamamında değil ama merkezinde de laiklik duruyor. Ancak ortada çok açık bir gerçek var. Türkiye’deki kilitlenmeyi laiklik-gericilik kutuplaşması çözemez. Laiklik gericiliği, gericilik laikliği kendi başlarına geriletemezler. Bu kutupları uzlaştırmak, onların arasındaki geçişken alanı güçlendirmek istiyorlar. Bu aslında gericiliğin kazanması demek. “Ilımlı İslam” nasıl bir emperyalist uydurmasıysa, “ılımlı aydınlanma”, “ılımlı laiklik” de artık olmaz. Ama yine de bunu istiyor patron tayfası. Bu, Türkiye toplumunun yenilgisi olur. Kilitlenmeyi sınıf ekseninde bir taraflaşma çözer ancak. Laikliğin de buna gereksinimi var. TKP her şeyden önce bir sınıf partisi, işçi sınıfının kurtuluşu için mücadele ediyor ve işçi sınıfının kurtuluşu bütün toplumun kurtuluşudur diyor. Burada laiklikle işçi sınıfının mücadelesini, sosyalizm mücadelesini karşı karşıya koymuyoruz, sadece şunu diyoruz: Burjuva dünyasında, bu düzende laikliği unutun. Onun karikatürüne talim edersiniz. 
 
Laiklikle gericiliğin birbirine bu şekilde üstünlük sağlayamayacağını söylüyorsunuz. O halde kısa erimde Türkiye bu kilitlenmeyi aşamaz mı?
 
Aşamaz. Ancak Türkiye gibi ülkelerde kısa zaman dilimi nedir, uzun zaman dilimi nedir bu biraz karışık. Emperyalizm krizde. Türkiye’de de düzen çok ciddi bir ekonomik krizin eşiğinde. Bu tabloda emekçi halkın eli kolu bağlı durmayacağı açık. Lakin örgütsüzlük böyle bir dönemde ölümdür. Çağrımızda ısrarlıyız. Türkiye’de halk örgütlenmelidir. Laik duyarlılığı olan kesimler ise “sömürü olsun, adaletsizlikler sürsün ama rakımıza, eteğimize kimse karışmasın” aymazlığından çıkacak, başka çaresi yok.
 
“Hayır”cı kesim böyle bir dönüşüm yaşayabilir mi?
 
Bakın referandum bir açıdan geride kaldı. Sonuç meşru değil, bu tartışılamayacak gerçek. Ancak şimdi insanlar kafalarını sandıktan kaldırıp hayatın gerçeklerine odaklanmalı. Bu toplum örgütsüz. Fabrikada örgütsüz, ofiste örgütsüz, okulda örgütsüz, mahallede örgütsüz. E o zaman oylarını da koruyamazsın. İzmir Marşı yetmiyor. Bu düzenden memnun olan ama “laiklik elden gitmesin” diyenler eğer bunda inat edeceklerse kendi başlarının çaresine bakacaklar ve şikayet etmeyecekler. Ancak Hayır diyenlerin önemli bir oranı emekçidir. Türkiye’de laikliğin temellerine dinamiti sermaye sınıfının yerleştirdiğini, emperyalizm emperyalizm denen şeyin de tekellerin düzeni olduğunu anlayarak işe başlanabilir. Bununla örgütsüz baş edilemez. 
 
Sadece “hayır”cı kesime mi hitap edilmeli?
 
Öncelikli olarak evet. AKP tabanındaki emekçi insanlara el uzatmanın yolu da bu. “Hayır”daki enerji yok olursa, orada özgüven azalırsa, yenilgi havası yaygınlaşırsa bu ülkede hiçbir şey olmaz. İkna edemezsiniz. “Hayır”lara enerji ve kişilik aşılamanın da tek yolu var: Ona işçi sınıfının rengini vermek. Bu matematiksel bir işlem değil, siyasal bir işlem. Türkiye’de “hayır”ların onda biri böyle bir örgütlülüğe yerleşsin, her şey değişir. Üstelik bunu ne iktidar, ne Anadolu Ajansı, ne YSK çalabilir!
 
Böyle bir örgütlülüğü yakın gelecekte olası görüyor musunuz?
 
Başka çaresi yok bu ülkenin. TKP elinden geleni yapacak. Sosyalizm hava kadar, su kadar açık bir gereksinim. Bunu anlatmak için koşullar uygun, bunun anlaşılması için koşullar uygun, bunun örgütlenmesi için koşullar uygun. Cumhuriyet düşüncesinin de sosyalizme ihtiyacı var. Türkiye Erdoğan’ı, kapitalizm de cumhuriyeti taşıyamıyor. O halde? 
 
Son olarak ne söylemek istersiniz?
 
Referandum günü ve öncesinde birçok kişi büyük bir samimiyetle, fedakarlıkla “hayır”lar için çalıştı. Ülkenin onurudur bu insanlar. Bu emeğin boşa gittiğini düşünerek kimse hayıflanmasın. Hiçbir şey boşa değildir. Çok önemli bir ders çıkarıldı dün: Örgütsüzsen hiçbir şeysin. Bu dersin gerekleri yerine getirilirse, enseyi karartmak için bir neden bulunmamaktadır. 
TKP: Erdoğan and AKP government are no longer legitimate after devious referendum’s results

Sunday, April 16, 2017

TKP: Erdoğan and AKP government are no longer legitimate after devious referendum’s results

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/04/tkp-erdogan-and-akp-government-are-no.html

The CC of the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) released a statement declaring Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and AKP government as illegitimate after the devious results of Sunday’s referendum was revealed.
The statement of TKP is as follows:
The referendum results, which are designated with tyranny, cheating and stealing, do not have any legitimacy. Those who attempt to celebrate this result mock the people.
We call our people, who do not submit, to unite, to act organised and not to accept ‘fait accomplish’.
A political power does not receive its legitimacy only with the latest votes it gains. Election results are not enough to become a government which can do whatever it desires.
AKP regime, carrying a public enemy and reactionary character since its first day, has long been out of social legitimacy. Further to that, the results of the referendum held on April 16th is nothing but a confirmation of this illegitimate situation.
Voting on April 16th has gone to the floor and become obsolete in terms of approving and rejecting constitutional amendments. After this point, there is zero chance for the society to accept a “yes” result to be declared. Leaving which party to take which position aside, TKP  already declares that it rejects such a result.
This election has the marks of tyranny and cheating. The decision of Supreme Committee of Elections to accept unsealed voting papers and envelopes as valid does not fit in any lawful or impartial concepts.
AKP stopped at nothing and applied pressures. The result is a significant decrease in their votes and their receiving half of the votes with the help of boundless manipulations and forgeries.
The governing party’s ruling capability is destroyed, losing the most of larger cities and city centres of which it kept hold for years.
Its attempt to “celebrate its victory” despite these facts means only one thing, apart from mocking our people: We count this kind of push fullness a call for a showdown. The working people and intellectuals of Turkey, all our citizens who are devoted to the values of republic accumulated energy to come to terms with reactionary powers.
It is pointless for AKP, who considers ruling this country in line with the interests of the enemies of the working people, capitalist forces, and monopolies, to try to survive by once again relying on those powers.
TKP calls our people to be on alert, not to accept fait accomplish and with this aim, to organise.
Turkey referendum: The aspiring Sultan Erdogan and the militant activity of Turkish communists

Saturday, April 15, 2017

Turkey referendum: The aspiring Sultan Erdogan and the militant activity of Turkish communists

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/04/turkey-referendum-aspiring-sultan-and.html
EDITORIAL


The referendum which will take place in Turkey on Sunday is certainly a historic and important one. Voters will decide whether to approve constitutional changes that would replace the current parliamentary system with a presidential one. 

When we talk about constitutional changes we actually refer to 18 constitutional reforms which will strengthen the powers of the President thus giving Rejep Tayyip Erdogan a much more advanced status of authority (e.g. declare state of emergency, issue decrees, appoint government ministers, appoint half of the highest judicial body etc). 

Through this referendum Erdogan tries to upgrade his authority by accumulating more and more powers in his hands. A “Yes” vote will transform President Erdogan into a modern Sultan within Turkey’s political system. However, behind Tayyip Erdogan’s own aspirations, the proposed reforms reflect certain intentions of the country’s bourgeoisie to claim a better position for the Turkish capital in the inter-imperialist competitions and plans which are taking place in eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East.

Erdogan and his AKP government are the current political representatives of the most powerful part of Turkey’s bourgeois class. Through the consolidation and invigoration of Erdogan’s internal power, Turkey’s plutocracy aims in strengthening its own strategic presense in the broader region, claiming large shares from the huge energy “pie” in the Middle East and eastern Mediterranean, as well as significant gains in multiple fronts (e.g. in Cyprus, the Kurdish Issue, Syria, the  “war against terrorism”, etc).

Taking into account the above, it becomes clear that the proposed constitutional reforms consist part of Turkey’s intra-bourgeois processes which are taking place within the framework of the general inter-imperialist competitions in the region. No matter the result of the referendum, it is sure that the attack on people’s rights and against the working class, will escalate in the coming future. This is why the popular strata of Turkey, the country’s working class, must not be entrapped in fighting under the false flags of bourgeois political powers. 

All these days, the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) unfolded a militant activity, highlighting  the need to reject the reforms from the perspective of people’s interests. Despite the numerous obstacles by the authorities (such as the ban of the TKP rally by the Governorship of Istanbul), the communists of the TKP defied the difficulties, headed into the streets and raised the voice of “Hayir” (No!). 

Nonetheless, the “No” vote supported by the TKP is not the same as the “No” promoted by the bourgeois opposition: for the communists a “No” to the referendum must be accompanied by the fight against the capitalist system itself in order to open new channels of struggle for the revolutionary, working-class movement. 

On Monday, regardless of the referendum’s result, the class-struggle will continue. The working people of Turkey, under the continuous, militant guidance of the communists, must raise their own flag of struggle against the major enemy: the exploitative capitalist system which gives birth to poverty, inequality, authoritarianism and wars. 

Boyun Eğme!

“Yetmez ama hayır!”: Communists in Turkey headed into the streets, raising the voice of “No”

Monday, April 10, 2017

“Yetmez ama hayır!”: Communists in Turkey headed into the streets, raising the voice of “No”

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/04/yetmez-ama-hayr-communists-in-turkey.html
Report from soL international.
While Turkey prepares for the referendum on April 16, the Governorship of Istanbul banned the rally of the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) that was scheduled to be held on April 8 in Istanbul, claiming there was no adequate police force. On the call of the party, thousands of people headed into street across the country on April 8 to show that the government will not be able to silence the voice of the working people.
TKP members and the friends of the party came together in many cities with the party’s weekly journal ‘Boyun Eğme’ (Do Not Surrender). Those who say “Not Enough but No!” distributed tens of thousands of election bulletins of TKP.
Trade unionists, intellectuals, artists and journalists also attended in the campaign that attracted great interest from the citizens.
Simultaneously with the campaign in Turkey, members of TKP, Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) and its youth organisation CJC came together in front of Turkey’s Consulate in Barcelona to distribute “Not Enough but No” bulletins.
Turkish voters will go to the polls on April 16, for a controversial referendum that could expand the powers of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.
 
Workers of Ankara met at a panel held by the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) in Ankara on the upcoming presidential referendum.
Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) central committee members Erhan Nalçacı and Özgür Şen attended the panel as speakers.
As the first speaker of the panel, Erhan Nalçacı elaborated on the final crisis phase of capitalism since the last decades with no sign of the exit. He stated that Turkish capitalism tried to find solutions to this crisis in the 1980s with the September 12 military coup and January 24 neoliberal economic policy plan; in 1990s with Kemal Derviş, the minister of Economy then; and finally in 2002 with Justice and Development Party (AKP). Although each period was marked by different political stances, Nalçacı said, each of them was stench public enemies.
Nalçacı added that the existing social order necessitates authoritarianism. Marked by privatism and anti-enlightenment, the regime itself necessitates despotism, one-man-rule, neo-Ottomanism and reactionism, Nalçacı said.
Commenting upon the recent military intervention of the US to Syria, Nalçacı said that the working class should never be a part of imperialist wars and thus should get rid of the dominant class.
He called on the working class to get organised within the ranks of the working class party for an organised and purposeful no vote in the upcoming presidential referendum.
REFERENDUM IS A GAMBLE FOR ERDOĞAN.
 
Özgür Şen, the other speaker of the panel, noted that although the general public opinion has been waiting for the referendum as a solution for the atmosphere of uncertainty in Turkey, the referendum result will not be a final answer for that.
He reminded that the uncertainty is related to the crisis of capitalism in Turkey, and imperialism itself that is expected to solve the crisis of Turkey also undergoes similar uncertainties.
“If the route of Turkish bourgeoisie were clear, and there were no political tensions with imperialist centres, there would be no uncertainty in Turkey”, Şen said, adding that that’s why Erdoğan is taking this gamble of the referendum.
The referendum itself is a challenge for Erdoğan, Şen said, and will not be an answer for the crisis of capitalism in Turkey. Although there will be a huge difference between yes and no results in the referendum, the result will not resolve the crisis of capitalism, he said.
Commenting on the “No” campaign of the Communist Party of Turkey, Şen said that the communists have been campaigning for a no vote in the referendum from the heart, as opposed to other mediocre no vote campaigns. The difference mainly stems from the political stance of the communists pointing at the uncertainties awaiting the post-referendum phase, he said, and the communists are not afraid of struggling with those uncertainties. No result will ease working class struggle in Turkey and yet it will not be enough, he added.
Özgür Şen said that the no campaign of the communists have been systematically and deliberately restrained because TKP has been trying to minimise the uncertainties of the post-referendum phase. He added that the communists will try to direct a possible no result in the referendum to proper channels. A possible yes result will not solve any problem of the AKP government, Şen said, adding that it will cause an irresolvable social tension in Turkey.
Reminding the “not enough, but no” slogan of TKP, Özgür Şen said that yes result will not be enough for the AKP government just like a no result will not be enough for the communists. In the post-referendum phase, more intense and severe opportunities will arise for the working class, Şen said, adding that the working class will keep searching for revolutionary opportunities.
*Yetmez ama hayır!: Not enought but No!.
Communist Youths in Thessaloniki: “Solidarity with the refugees. Our enemy is capitalism”

Sunday, April 9, 2017

Communist Youths in Thessaloniki: “Solidarity with the refugees. Our enemy is capitalism”

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/04/communist-youths-in-thessaloniki.html
Singing the ‘Internationale’ with the fists raised.
In a political event held in Thessaloniki, Greece on Saturday afternoon, communist youth organisations from six countries (Greece, Turkey, Spain, Italy, Serbia and Germany) declared their internationalist solidarity to the refugees. The event was organised by the Communist Youth of Greece (KNE) and was attended by representatives of five communist youths:
The Socialist German Workers Youth; The Collective of Communist Youths – Spain ; The Young Communists Front – Italy; The League of Yugoslav Communist Youth- Serbia and the Communist Youth of Turkey.
The event was addressed by the representatives of the communist youths who delivered greeting messages, as well as by KNE’s Secretary of the Central Council Nikos Abatielos. Among other things, Abatielos expressed the solidarity of the young communists of Greece towards the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) which faces the authoritarian and repressive policy by the Turkish government.
In a joint declaration, the six communist youth organisations call for solidarity towards the refugees and for the strengthening of the struggle against the imperialist wars and capitalism which produces crises, wars and refugees. In their declaration, the young communists strongly comdemn “the murderers of the people, NATO and the European Union” and, on the occasion of the centennial of the 1917 Great October Socialist Revolution they reaffirm the need to “invigorate the struggle for the only actual alternative to capitalist barbarity, socialism”.
The event also included a cultural part with songs and music dedicated to the refugees and immigrants.
Info: 902.gr / Translation: In Defense of Communism ©.
“Hands off the Communist Party of Turkey”: KKE sends solidarity message to the CC of TKP

Friday, April 7, 2017

“Hands off the Communist Party of Turkey”: KKE sends solidarity message to the CC of TKP

 https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/04/hands-off-communist-party-of-turkey-kke.html
On the occasion of the decision by the Turkish authorities to ban the political rally of the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) on April 8, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) send the following message of solidarity to the CC of TKP:
 
“Dear comrades,
 
The KKE decisively condemns the antidemocratic decision of the Turkish authorities to ban the political rally of the TKP on April 8 and expresses its full internationalist solidarity to your Party, to the communists in Turkey.
We inform you that our party and KNE organised a protest at the Turkish Embassy and denounced, once again, the repression policy of the turkish state and Erdogan’s government.
 
We are on your side and support your struggles.
 
Hands off the Communist Party of Turkey”.

 
Source: 902.gr / Translation: In Defense of Communism ©.
“Istanbul says No!”: Turkish communists defy Erdogan government’s ban of rally

Sunday, April 2, 2017

“Istanbul says No!”: Turkish communists defy Erdogan government’s ban of rally

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/04/istanbul-says-no-turkish-communists.html
According to soL International, the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) made a public statement upon the government’s ban on the rally that is scheduled to be held on April 2 with the slogan, ‘İstanbul says no’. TKP calls the people to come together at a meeting on April 9. 
 
The Governorship of İstanbul has banned the TKP’s rally scheduled for April 2 under the slogan of “İstanbul says ‘no’!”, on March 31, just  2 days before the meeting.
 
Since the Justice and Development Party (AKP) holds pro-‘yes’ campaign meetings across the country in the run-up to the referendum, the Communist Party of Turkey reacted the ban of the rally with a public declaration.
 
THE PEOPLE STILL CONTINUE TO SAY ‘NO’!
TKP’s statement read: “The Governorship of İstanbul banned the meeting, ‘İstanbul Says No’, which is scheduled to be held on April 2, on the grounds of the fact that ‘the rally venue is not listed as a meeting place’. It is no surprising to us that the Governorship has banned this meeting. However, no one should doubt that the ban will just reinforce our resolution.”
 
TKP pointed out the hypocritical approach of the government: “Considering that the supporters of the ruling power can hold outdoor and indoor meetings wherever they want, unlawfulness becomes apparent. The meeting of April 2 has been banned, but the people are still continuing to say ‘no’!”
 
Showing its resolute stance against government’s bans, the statement continued: “The Communist Party of Turkey does not opt for reviewing its resolution on holding the meeting, ‘İstanbul Says No’. Taking the responsibility of holding the meeting in such a way that our people, who say ‘no’, can attend it, the Party will make an application to hold a rally, ‘The People Say No’, on April 9 in İstanbul.”
 
The Communist Party of Turkey concluded: “Governmental officials may dismiss the legal responsibilities arising from the authorities they are using today without recognizing the Constitution, laws, and rights. They should definitely not consider that they will not be called to account for the historical responsibilities they assume.”  
 
The Communist Party of Turkey’s statement also announced that the details of the rally on April 9 will be declared on Monday, April 3, calling the people to come together in İstanbul on April 9 in order to show that the people cannot be silenced with bans.