Category: Poland
From Warsaw with hate: Fascist and neo-Nazi groups marched in the streets of Poland’s capital

Monday, November 13, 2017

From Warsaw with hate: Fascist and neo-Nazi groups marched in the streets of Poland’s capital

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/11/from-warsaw-with-hate-fascist-and-neo_13.html
Poland is the country where Communists are being persecuted for their activity and ideology by the bourgeois state’s mechanisms, the Communist Party faces every kind of repression by the government (which demolishes Soviet monuments) and where fascists, racists and neo-Nazis march in the streets, spreading their poison of hate! This is capitalism and EU’s Poland.
 
According to news agencies, an estimated ten thousand far-right nationalists marched in Poland’s capital city of Warsaw on Saturday, dwarfing the official celebrations and casting a pall on the country’s Independence Day commemoration.
The far-right… ‘We Want God’ march, while just one of several public events marking Poland’s independence in 1918, was by far the largest and loudest, with participants traveling from around the world to march in solidarity with anti-immigrant, racist and, in many cases, fascist causes.
 
Prior to the nationalist march, Polish President Andrzej Duda and European Union President Donald Tusk — a former Polish prime minister himself — attended a much smaller formal state ceremony.
 
The presence of the far-right in Warsaw was said to be the largest in recent memory, eclipsing the official state commemorative events, according to Abcnews.com. The annual march, initiated in 2009, appears to be the most popular global celebration of racism, and has consistently grown in size each year, cited by the New York Times.
 
Many white supremacist marchers waved xenophobic banners encouraging a growing racial divide in Europe that follows the massive influx of north African refugees fleeing several US-led ‘color revolutions,’ notably those in Tunisia, Libya and Egypt, as well as an enormous and ongoing human rights crisis in Syria.
 
Calling for a ‘White Europe of brotherly nations,’ marchers chanted racist slogans, including anti-Semitic calls to “remove Jewry from power,” cited by the Daily Mail.
 
Occurring at dusk and continuing into the later hours, marchers carried Christian symbols and red torches that ominously lit up the city, while red flares and firecrackers created a warlike urban scene.
 
 
Banners displaying the far-right 1930s falanga symbol were held aloft by many marchers, as well as a diverse array of posters, including those claiming that all Muslim immigrants are terrorists; same-sex marriage denouncements; and in support of the anti-Semitic National Radical Camp, a pre World War II group historically espousing extreme nationalist sentiments.
 
According to Russia Today, about 6,000 policemen were deployed to keep public order throughout the city. Warsaw seen a number of marches and events, such as a counter-protest organized by the anti-fascist movement. Around 1,500 people attended that rally which comprised members from a dozen or so left-wing organizations.
 
Holding banners with the wordings: “For your freedom and ours,” “Women against fascism,” “Nationalism is a disease,”and “Class struggle, not national,” activists were on the streets to counter nationalism, racism, sexism and other kinds of hatred.
 
Poland Set to Erase Iconic Soviet Symbol From Red Army War Graves
| October 20, 2017 | 8:43 pm | Poland, Red Army, USSR | 1 Comment

https://sputniknews.com/europe/201710201058418089-poland-hammer-sickle-war-graves-removal/

Poland Set to Erase Iconic Soviet Symbol From Red Army War Graves

The Hammer & Sickle

Poland Set to Erase Iconic Soviet Symbol From Red Army War Graves

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World War II Red Army graves in Poland will be expunged of references to the hammer and sickle, the symbol which served as the Soviet Union’s official state symbol, and was used by the Soviet military, Polish Institute of National Remembrance representative Daniel Markowski has said.

Speaking to Russia’s RIA Novosti news agency, Markowski said that while the Soviet military graves would remain mostly unaffected by the recently adopted amendments to the ‘law on decommunization’, which will result in the demolition of about 230 monuments to the Red Army, “purely symbolic” objects, including the hammer and sickle symbol, will be removed.

The updated law, adopted this summer, officially steps into effect October 21.

“The graves of soldiers, regardless of their nationality, religion, etc. are holy places for us, as for the Polish state,” Markowski said. However, images of Soviet wartime leader Joseph Stalin, hammer and sickles, and other references to the Red Army’s ideology, will be removed. As for the red star, the symbol of the Red Army, it will be allowed to remain, the official said.

In addition to being on of the Soviet Union’s official coat of arms, the hammer and sickle is a widely recognizable element of the insignia worn by Red Army soldiers and officers on their hats and caps.

What’s more, it is part of the Order of the Patriotic War, a Soviet military decoration awarded to all soldiers in the armed forces and partisans for their heroic deeds during the Soviet-Nazi German conflict during World War II.

March of Immortal Regiment on Red Square. Pictured on the wall of the State Historical Museum is the Order of the Patriotic War (left) and the Order of Victory (right)
© Sputnik/ Host photo agency
March of Immortal Regiment on Red Square. Pictured on the wall of the State Historical Museum is the Order of the Patriotic War (left) and the Order of Victory (right)

In the drive to liberate Poland from the Nazis, over 600,000 Red Army soldiers laid down their lives, more than in any other country apart from the Soviet Union itself.

Moscow has voiced repeated protests against Warsaw for its decision to raze the monuments. Observers, both Polish and Russian, have pointed out that the monuments were created by Polish sculptors, with many of them dedicated not just to Red Army soldiers, but to the Soviet-allied Polish forces who fought to help free their country from Nazi occupation, and joined the Red Army in its drive to take Berlin.

Soviet and Polish Armia Krajowa soldiers in Vilnius, July 1944.
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Int’l Conference Calls on Polish President to Stop Desecration of USSR Memorials
| October 12, 2017 | 8:24 pm | Poland, USSR | No comments

https://sputniknews.com/europe/201710121058172658-poland-soviet-memorials/

Int’l Conference Calls on Polish President to Stop Desecration of USSR Memorials

Flowers and candles rest on a memorial dedicated to the Katyn victims, to mark the 75th anniversary of the Soviet invasion of Poland at the start of WWII, in Katowice, Poland on September 17, 2014

Int’l Conference Calls on Polish President to Stop Desecration of USSR Memorials

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The participants of the international conference expressed confidence that the destruction of memorials dedicated to Soviet soldiers was illegal.

WARSAW (Sputnik) – The participants of the international conference dedicated to issues related to the situation with Soviet memorials in Eastern Europe on Thursday called on Polish President Andrzej Duda to put an end to the desecration of memorials in the country.

“We, the participants of the conference address you and the Polish government against the backdrop of adoption of the law [allowing the destruction of Soviet-era monuments] by you and the country’s parliament… We call on you with a request to put an end to the desecration of the memorials. Our common history would not change if the monuments and the memorials are destroyed. We are absolutely sure that everything would resume its natural course,” the statement adopted by the participants of the conference “Honor their memory” said.

According to the statement, some of the decisions of the Polish authorities encourage acts of vandalism.In July, Polish President Andrzej Duda approved a bill regulating the demolition of almost 500 Soviet-era monuments throughout the country, as well as the renaming of objects associated with the Communist era.

A number of memorials to Soviet soldiers who fell while fighting the Nazis in Poland during World War II have been desecrated in the country in recent years.

How UK, France, Poland Unleashed Hitler and Paved the Way for WWII

https://sputniknews.com/analysis/201709291057809731-munich-agreement-uk-france-italy-nazi/

How UK, France, Poland Unleashed Hitler and Paved the Way for WWII

Neville Chamberlain holding the paper containing the resolution to commit to peaceful methods signed by both Hitler and himself on his return from Munich. He is showing the piece of paper to a crowd at Heston Aerodrome on 30 September 1938

How UK, France, Poland Unleashed Hitler and Paved the Way for WWII

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The Munich pact of September 29, 1938, paved the way for Nazi Germany’s dominance in Europe and its march eastward, Canadian professor Michael Jabara Carley told Sputnik. Present day efforts to re-write the history of WWII in the West is an attempt to justify grave mistakes committed by European states and pin all the blame on Russia.

The Munich Agreement signed 79 years ago by Nazi Germany, Great Britain, France and Italy wrecked efforts to create an anti-Nazi coalition and opened the door to Adolf Hitler’s invasion of Europe and the nightmare of the Second World War, Michael Jabara Carley, a professor of history at the Université de Montréal and the author of “Silent Conflict: A Hidden History of Early Soviet-Western Relations,” told Sputnik.

“Munich was indeed a betrayal,” Carley underscored. “The loss of the Czechoslovak position in central Europe was thus an important step in Hitler’s plan for German domination of Europe.”

The Munich Pact as the Beginning of the Nazi Crusade

The Munich Agreement permitted Nazi Germany’s annexation of the so-called “Sudetenland” — the regions of northern and western Czechoslovakia inhabited by ethnic Germans, which subsequently led to the occupation of the whole country in March 1939. Naturally, the Czechoslovak government was not invited to the conference.

“Czechoslovakia was a functioning ‘liberal’ democratic state on Germany’s southern frontier. It possessed a well-motivated, well-trained army of approximately 40 divisions. It had a formal alliance with France dating to the 1920s and a mutual assistance pact with the USSR, conditional however on French military intervention on behalf of Czechoslovakia before Soviet commitments were engaged,” the Canadian professor pointed out.

“Hitler had to eliminate the 40 Czechoslovak divisions before his armed forces could take further action to the east and west,” Carley highlighted.However, the British government led by Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain took efforts to remove this obstacle in Nazi Germany’s way, believing “that ‘Herr Hitler’ was a rational interlocutor with whom one could deal and come to agreement,” the academic noted, adding that “Chamberlain’s calculations were quickly disproved by events.”

The Canadian academic emphasized, “Western elites were not of one mind about the dangers of Nazi Germany to European security.” While Chamberlain and his followers deluded themselves into believing that “Herr Hitler” was “a reasonable man,” the political opposition in Britain and France viewed the “fuhrer” as menace to European peace and security.

“It was only in March 1939 after the disappearance of rump Czechoslovakia that Chamberlain’s position was weakened,” the academic said.

However, “for the Anglo-French elites, uncertain of their own force and masculinity, fascism was both intimidating and inspiring. For them, the danger of communist revolution was greater than any danger of Hitlerite Germany,” he added.

It was one of the reasons why the Soviet Union’s repeated attempts to create a defensive alliance against Nazi Germany had failed, according to the academic.

The USSR Made Every Effort to Form Anti-Nazi Coalition

Carley noted that the Soviet Union had pushed ahead with the plan to create an anti-Nazi coalition since December 1933.

“For nearly six years the Soviet government worked tirelessly to promote collective security in Europe,” the Canadian professor highlighted. “Soviet policy was in effect a proposal to recreate the anti-German Entente of World War I, including fascist Italy.”

However, Soviet offers of cooperation were spurned in France, Britain, Romania and Poland. The promising rapprochement between the USSR and the US after meetings between President Franklin Roosevelt and the commissar for foreign affairs, Maxim M. Litvinov, in the autumn of 1933 “was sabotaged by the Sovietophobe Department of State.”

Carley refuted the assumption that it was “the Stalinist purges” that “undermined Anglo-French confidence in Soviet proposals for collective security”: Moscow’s key attempts to create an anti-Nazi alliance preceded “the first Stalinist show trial in the late summer of 1936.”

Soviet diplomat Maxim Litvinov
© Sputnik/ Khalip
Soviet diplomat Maxim Litvinov

Poland as ‘Spoiler and Saboteur’ of Efforts to Create Anti-Hitler Alliance

The Canadian professor outlined the role of Poland in ruining efforts to form a defensive alliance against Hitlerite Germany.

“Poland never showed any genuine interest in Soviet proposals for collective security against Nazi Germany”… furthermore it was “the spoiler of ‘collective security’ in Europe during the 1930s,” Carley underscored.

“Time after time the Polish government, and most notably the Polish foreign minister, Józef Beck, intervened to block Soviet efforts to build an anti-Nazi alliance,” he highlighted.

On January 26, 1934, Warsaw signed a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany, while “in 1938 Poland was Hitler’s accomplice in dismembering Czechoslovakia before becoming Hitler’s victim in 1939,” the professor pointed out referring to Poland’s occupation of Zaolzie in October 1938.

“The Polish elite always considered Russia to be the greater menace, no matter who governed it,” the Canadian academic remarked. “Beck was so complacent that he approved the Polish ambassador in Moscow’s annual leave as the European crisis was reaching its height in the summer of 1939.”

“Poland acted as the spoiler and saboteur right up until August 1939…. One can only conclude that the Polish government brought defeat and ruin upon itself… and far more importantly on the Polish people,” the professor suggested.

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact: Last on the List

Despite Poland having been the first to conclude a non-aggression agreement with Nazi Germany, it used the most insulting language while addressing the conclusion of the so-called Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the professor noted.

The German-Soviet non-aggression treaty struck on August 23, 1939, has repeatedly come under heavy criticism from Western historians who denounced it as an example of “Soviet-Nazi” collusion. However, the Soviet Union was the last to ink such an agreement among other European states.The first on the list is Poland (1934), next came Great Britain, who concluded the Anglo-German Naval Pact in 1935 and inked the Munich Agreement with Berlin in 1938 together with Paris and Rome.

The German-Romanian deal for economic cooperation was signed on March 23, 1939. About two months later, in May, Denmark struck its non-aggression pact with Hitler. The same month Rome and Berlin inked their “Pact of Steel” while in June Nazi Germany signed non-aggression agreements with Estonia and Latvia.

However, the “chronology of the various non-aggression pacts is not the key issue,” according to the Canadian professor: The key issue is that “the Nazi-Soviet non-aggression pact was [in fact] the result of the failure of Anglo-Franco-Soviet negotiations for an alliance against Nazi Germany.”

When Stalin later observed the Anglo-French hesitance to go to Warsaw’s aid when Nazi Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, “he could only have concluded that his putative ‘allies’ would have left the Soviet Union in similar straits,” Carley stressed.

History Rewritten

When Word War II was over the question arose as to whom to blame for the catastrophe. Incredible as it may seem, the Western powers pointed the finger of blame at the USSR, the very country that contributed the most to the victory over Nazi Germany and which lost 27 million people during the war.”When the United States and Britain resumed the Cold War after May 1945 (the Cold War having in fact begun in November 1917), the shameful conduct of the French and British governments and the despicable behavior of the Polish government during the 1930s had to be covered up or ‘justified,'” Carley said. “Likewise, the predominate role of the Red Army in destroying the Wehrmacht had to be erased from people’s memories.”

According to the historian present day western hostility toward the Russian Federation and its president are fed by this bogus American and European “history.” However, one should keep in mind that the outcome of WWII was defined not by the Normandy invasion in June 1944, but by the Soviet victory in the battle for Stalingrad in February 1943, the Canadian academic stressed.

The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official position of Sputnik.

‘Akin to barbarity’: Moscow furious over demolition of monument to Red Army soldiers in Poland
| September 10, 2017 | 8:48 pm | Discrimination against communists, Poland, USSR | No comments

https://www.rt.com/news/402658-poland-demolishes-read-army-memorial/

‘Akin to barbarity’: Moscow furious over demolition of monument to Red Army soldiers in Poland

‘Akin to barbarity’: Moscow furious over demolition of monument to Red Army soldiers in Poland
Russia has expressed its outrage at the bulldozing of a mausoleum housing the remains of dozens of Soviet soldiers who fell battling to free Poland from Nazi German occupation, calling the move an act of vandalism that violates bilateral agreements.

It took less than 20 minutes for the Polish authorities to raze the monument, built by the Red Army in 1945 in the Polish town of Trzcianka in memory of 56 Soviet soldiers who gave their lives on the battlefield.

Video of the demolition posted by Adam Bogrycewicz shows heavy machinery being used to demolish the war memorial.

Responding to what it described as a sacrilegious “act of vandalism,” Russia’s Foreign Ministry said that the demolition is “unacceptable in terms of existing inter-state and inter-governmental documents” relating to the preservation of the memory and burial sites of victims of war and repression, adding that the Polish government “was fully aware” of Moscow’s staunch objection to the removal.

“We consider this outrageous incident an illustration and direct consequence of the Polish government’s anti-Russian policy in the memorial field among others,” the ministry said in a statement on Saturday, adding that lack of respect to “the memory of the war and its heroes” displayed by Poland is “akin to barbarity.”

Poland has twice applied to the Russian embassy in Poland over the issue of the removal, but was unable to provide evidence that there were no remains of Russian soldiers in the mass grave, according to Aleksey Fomichev, Head of the Russian Defense Ministry military commemorative mission in Poland.

“Pursuant to all documents there are remains [in the mass grave]; there are no papers on exhumation or reburial,” Fomichev said, as cited by TASS.

READ MORE: Germany rejects Polish threat to demand WWII reparations

Fomichev revealed that the Russian delegation and the Polish local authorities had discussed the possibility of including the memorial in a list of historic monuments guarded by the law on cultural heritage three weeks before the demolition, of which the Russian embassy was notified once it was underway.

The Russian Defense Ministry joined the chorus of condemnation, saying that it is “outraged” by the trampling on the memory of those “who liberated the world from the brown plague, fascism.”

The destruction of the monument, which bore a hammer and sickle motif on its roof, follows a recent decision by the Sejm (Polish Parliament) to adopt a package of legislative amendments opposing both communist propaganda and that of other totalitarian regimes. The amendments envisioned the removal of Soviet era monuments, including those dedicated to Red Army soldiers. As the law was passed unilaterally, it was denounced by Russia’ Foreign Ministry as “an appalling decision” damaging the legacy of the fight against fascism.

The anti-Russian line taken by the incumbent government of Jarosław Kaczyński’s Law and Justice (PiS) party has recently resulted in barring Russia from taking part in multi-national project to create a new memorial at the site of infamous Nazi Sobibor death camp, despite Moscow having pledged a significant financial contribution.

“The intention not to let Russia join the project’s participants is part of Warsaw’s Russophobia, which it has been openly showing recently. The Poles also aim to impose their own version of history by belittling the USSR’s and the Red Army’s role as liberators in World War II,” the Russian Foreign Ministry said at the time.

As well as going on a crusade against historic memory, Poland is demanding millions in reparations from Russia under the Treaty of Riga, which ended the Polish-Soviet War in 1921.

‘Russia is the enemy Polish government needs’

Bruno Drweski, professor at the National Institute of Languages and Eastern Civilizations, believes the anti-Russian narrative in Poland is fuelled by the authorities, who want to portray Russia as an external foe for political gain.

“They need an enemy in Poland. German nationalism and Ukrainian nationalism are very unpopular so they push against Russia because they cannot criticize Ukraine or Germany, and that’s the real point,” Drweski told RT.

At the same time, he argued, ordinary Poles do not support the efforts of the Polish government to rewrite history by erasing any mention of Red Army’s contribution to the defeat of fascism as embodied in Soviet war-time monuments.

“It is pure demagoguery; if you ask people on the street in Poland they say it is pure vandalism, but that’s the way the Polish media and government are working,” Drweski said, adding that many Poles know and respect the Soviet army’s role but the government is working zealously to obliterate that memory.

“All the propaganda is concentrated on the so-called Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, and they don’t take into the account the interests of the Soviet Union at that time. They don’t talk about the Soviet role in the liberation of Poland,” he said.

Most at risk are the Polish youth, who are susceptible to this rhetoric, he argued.

“The problem is with the new generation, which was brought up in schools where they teach the [version of] history I told you.”