Category: Ukraine
Pranksters Lure Top Ukrainian MP Into 40-Min Talk With ‘NATO’ Phone Recording
| January 2, 2018 | 7:39 pm | humor, Russia, Ukraine | No comments

Pranksters Lure Top Ukrainian MP Into 40-Min Talk With ‘NATO’ Phone Recording

An old telephone in a museum

Pranksters Lure Top Ukrainian MP Into 40-Min Talk With ‘NATO’ Phone Recording

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A pair of famous Russian telephone pranksters known for fooling politicians worldwide has struck again, this time duping Ukrainian parliament speaker Andriy Parubiy.

Vladimir ‘Vovan’ Kuznetsov and Alexei ‘Lexus’ Stolyarov, two Russian comedians who have gained global notoriety for telephone antics involving politicians including US UN ambassador Nikki Haley, Congresswoman Maxine Waters, Senator John McCain, and Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, have set their sights on a new target, Ukrainian neo-Nazi party founder-turned senior lawmaker Andriy Parubiy.

Posing as NATO Parliamentary Assembly President Paolo Alli, whose voice they were able to record earlier, the pair of jokers fooled Parubiy into speaking for 40 minutes straight to a robot consisting of prerecorded audio clips on some very serious topics.

“The automated robot consisted of phrases from the head of the parliamentary assembly. We played them one by one to Parubiy and his translator. He didn’t realize over the course of 40 minutes that he was speaking to a recording, and gave responses to it,” Stolyarov explained.The main topic on the agenda was a referendum in Ukraine regarding the country’s bid for entry into the NATO alliance. Vovan and Lexus’ Alli ‘told’ Parubiy that the alliance was not exactly thrilled with the referendum idea, since NATO was not exactly popular among Ukrainians and there was a danger that it could fail.

The lawmaker cautiously and repeatedly assured ‘Alli’ that Kiev would be certain to consult with its Western partners ahead of time, and at the moment there are no concrete plans to hold a referendum.

Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman (L) and Andriy Parubiy, chair of the Ukrainian Parliament, hold bouquets of red roses during a parliamentary session in Kiev on April 14, 2016
Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman (L) and Andriy Parubiy, chair of the Ukrainian Parliament, hold bouquets of red roses during a parliamentary session in Kiev on April 14, 2016

“At this stage, the idea of a referendum, voiced by President Poroshenko, is just an idea; we have not launched any organizational processes in this respect,” Parubiy stressed. The politician assured ‘Alli’ that the referendum will continue to be discussed by experts and would be contingent on the position of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.

Soon after, Alli’s ‘assistant’ joined the conversation, warning Parubiy of a new dangerous kind of “Russian aggression” in the form of a viral internet casino commercial featuring rapper Vitya AK-47. An oblivious Parubiy responded that he had not heard of this potential threat.

Vovan and Lexus’ conversation with the notorious Ukrainian politician is not their first appearance in the media spotlight. The pair garnered the attention of media worldwide last week after calling US UN Ambassador Nikki Haley posing as Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki. During the course of the phone call, the pranksters asked Haley’s opinion on the fictional South China Sea island nation of Binomo, saying that the Russians may have meddled in the island state’s elections, to which Haley replied “of course they did!” Haley also promised to look into a nonexistent claim by President Poroshenko that Kevin Spacey had harassed him in 2015.


Murderous attack against young communists by Neo-Nazi gangsters in Ukraine

Tuesday, December 26, 2017

Murderous attack against young communists by Neo-Nazi gangsters in Ukraine

In Ukraine a group of young fascists affiliated to one of the neo-Nazi parties of the country “National Corps” attacked the premises, where the youth wing of Communist Party of Ukraine gathered for plenums in Kiev. 

The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine highligted in the press release on the issue that these criminal groups are controlled and supported by the Ministry of Internal Affairs. It was added that during the attack, the police came to the scene and as always did not interfere in the situation.

The Communist Party of Ukraine declared: “All gangster attacks on members of the Party, members of the Komsomol, dissidents are carried out directly on instructions and are financed by political forces that seized power in Ukraine as a result of the armed coup in February 2014.” In the press release, it was also informed that the party sent detailed information about the attack to the international human organizations, PACE, OSCE, and to the UN Human Rights Office.
Previously in December 2015, the Kiev District Administrative Court banned the activities of the Communist Party of Ukraine. In January 2016, the Ministry of Justice stated that the Supreme Administrative Court refused to open proceedings on the appeal of the CPU, which tried to challenge its ban in Ukraine.

Source: international communist press.
* * * 
KNE: Condemns the fascist attack against Komsomol’s members

In a statement, the Communist Youth of Greece (KNE) condemns the new fascist attack against the young communists of Ukraine. Among others, the statement writes: “We denounce the identification of anticommunism and repression by the reactionary government of Ukraine which is supported- and supports- fascist groups.”

“It is the same regime”, the KNE statement points out “which has created black lists for its political opponents, including, among others, cadres of the KKE such as G.Lambroulis, MP and Deputy Speaker of the Greek Parliament and S.Zarianopoulos, KKE MEP, because they showed their practical interests and solidarity of the KKE to the people of Ukraine who is shedding blood in the Donbass region.

Anticommunism shall not pass. Solidarity to the communists of Ukraine”.

Ukraine’s Chief Military Psychiatrist Fired After Uncovering Horrifying Secret
| September 25, 2017 | 8:13 pm | Ukraine | No comments

Ukrainian servicemen at the opening of a multinational training of Ukrainian Armed Forces units held on the territory of the International Peacekeeping and Security Centre of the National Hetman Petro Sahaidachnyi Land Forces Academy in Lviv Region

Ukraine’s Chief Military Psychiatrist Fired After Uncovering Horrifying Secret

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Ukraine’s Defense Ministry has sacked chief military psychiatrist Oleh Druz, who told lawmakers that 93% of veterans from the conflict in the country’s east need treatment for mental health issues. Radio Sputnik contributor Vladimir Filippov says Druz’s remarks, and Kiev’s reaction, are a testament to the senselessness of the country’s civil war.

Last week, Ukrainian Defense Minister Stepan Poltorak dismissed Colonel Oleh Druz, the head of the psychiatry clinic of the Main Military Clinical Hospital “in connection with the unsatisfactory fulfillment of his official duties.” The dismissal followed remarks by the top military psychiatrist at a round table of parliamentary committees, where Druz revealed that over 90% of the veterans of Kiev’s military operation in Donbass require mental help and pose a potential danger to society.

Commenting on the scandal, Radio Sputnik contributor Vladimir Filippov said that Druz’s real problem was that he decided to tell the truth.

Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko attends a ceremony to hand over weapons and military vehicles to servicemen of the Ukrainian armed forces in Chuhuiv outside Kharkiv, Ukraine, October 15, 2016
© REUTERS/ Mikhail Palinchak/Ukrainian Presidential Press Service

The journalist recalled that according to Kiev’s own official statistics, “nine out of ten participants of the fighting in the Donbass have medical and social problems, while a third are diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder. Experts say a state-run program of support for vets is needed, but for now this is something done mainly on a voluntary basis.”

In his remarks before lawmakers, Druz warned that veterans’ disorders include heightened levels of aggression, decreased ability to return to civilian work, the development and exacerbation of chronic diseases, growing rates of alcoholism and drug addiction, shortened life expectancy, and increased suicide rates. Statistics reveal that 63 veterans took their own lives in 2016 alone.

In light of these horrifying figures, Filippov suggested that Kiev’s reaction was highly “original.”

“They simply dismissed the chief psychiatrist. Why? Probably because he said too much. Someone might think that among the [Donbass vets] are completely mentally unstable people. In fact, to shoot one’s fellow citizens is already beyond the realm of a normal worldview. And if one kills unarmed civilians, children and the elderly, what kinds of mental state can one speak of?”

According to the analyst, the hard truth is that Ukraine’s authorities couldn’t care less about its vets, with the government allocating precious little money for them, most of its defense funds either stolen outright or allocated to weapons purchases.

Filippov suggested that as far as Kiev is concerned, the only problem posed by the vets is the political danger they pose to the government – “to their soft chairs and their wealth. They have no plans to share with the veterans, hence the need to drive their problems deep out of sight and out of mind. No one needs them. They are cannon fodder, spent material.”

“That’s why Poltorak got so anxious,” the analyst stressed. “Because the 93% figure is a military secret – top-secret information! Capable of undermining the military capability of the regime,” Filippov concluded.

Ukraine’s Continuing Descent Into a Swamp of Fascism and Ultra-Nationalism
| September 5, 2017 | 12:24 pm | Fascist terrorism, political struggle, Russia, Ukraine | No comments
Открытие  памятника С. Бандере во Львове

Ukraine’s Continuing Descent Into a Swamp of Fascism and Ultra-Nationalism

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John Wight

The recent abduction of Russian journalist Anna Kurbatova in Kiev and her subsequent deportation by the country’s state security service (SBU), on allegations of “smearing” Ukraine, is yet more evidence of the turmoil that has engulfed the country in the wake of the coup which toppled its last legitimately democratically-elected government in 2014.

According to a 2016 report compiled by the global accounting firm Ernst & Young, Ukraine tops the European corruption league, and is one of the most corrupt countries in the world, based on the perception of its citizens in a wide-ranging poll. It is an onerous title the country has held each year since the so-called Euromaidan movement toppled the presidency of Viktor Yanukovych with the active support of Washington and its European allies.

People will recall that one of the main justifications for forcing the Ukrainian president from office back in 2014 was his alleged corruption, with claims that he’d been engaged in the widespread mismanagement of government funds and the disbursement of bribes. Yet corruption at the highest levels of power in Ukraine was endemic prior to Yanukovych’s election to the presidency in 2010, while remaining endemic since his forced departure.

A conflict that has slipped off the radar of the mainstream media continues in eastern Ukraine at significant human and humanitarian cost. In April 2017 the European Commission revealed the extent of the cost paid by those Ukrainians in the eastern part of the country, who have steadfastly refused to recognize the writ of a government that came to power with the active and violent support of avowed neo-Nazis and fascists.

In a conflict in which 9,900 people have been killed and 23,246 injured, the EU Commission report reveals that an estimated 3.8 million people in eastern Ukraine are in need of humanitarian aid. We’ve learned that “damage to housing and critical civilian infrastructures, particularly water supply and electricity systems is increasing. Conflict affected resident population and internally displaced persons (IDPs) face difficult access to health care and other essential services, socio-economic exclusion, loss of income and livelihood and suffer from psychological distress.”

These are the bitter fruits of a conflict that the West helped to bring about with the opportunistic and reckless support for violent demonstrators, many of them neo-Nazis, in a part of the world where the scars of the Second World War remain deep and raw over 70 years on.

Indeed, today, more than anywhere in Europe, including Germany, the past and the present have merged to produce not so much historical amnesia but an outbreak of historical revisionism when it comes to the Nazi invasion and occupation of Ukraine (when it was part of the Soviet Union), and the ensuing atrocities and orgy of murder unleashed by the SS with the participation of Ukrainian auxiliaries.

In an wide-ranging interview with the UK Morning Star newspaper, Petro Symonenko, leader of the Communist Party of Ukraine, points out that “right across Ukraine there is…a war between the ideologists of Hitler and the Nazi collaborators of the OUN, and the anti-fascists, whose leaders have always been Communists.” Moreover Symonenko identifies the role of the coup government’s Institute of National Memory in ‘falsifying history and promoting neonazism (sic) as state ideology.”

What he is referring to with regard to the Kiev’s Institute of National Memory is a campaign it is engaged in to rewrite the history of the Second World War, while sanctioning the eradication of monuments and statues commemorating the role of the Red Army in liberating Ukraine from the scourge of fascism at enormous human cost. It comes as part of a narrative in which all things Russian are deemed abhorrent and evil, an “eternal enemy and aggressor”, regardless of the indisputable ethnic and cultural bonds both countries share, stretching all the way back to the 9th century and the Kievan Rus Federation out of which both Russia and Ukraine emerged.

The idea that a historical figure such as Stepan Bandera, the famed (infamous) Ukrainian nationalist who actively colluded and collaborated with the Nazis during the occupation of Ukraine, is now venerated and lauded as a patriot in anti-Russian parts of the country is surely offensive, when considering the indisputable barbarity that was visited on countless millions throughout the Soviet Union and elsewhere in service to their monstrous creed and ideology.

Yet this is western Ukraine today, a repository of ultra nationalism and fascism, driven by an irrational desire to destroy and substitute an alternative history for actual history.

In supporting the 2014 coup in western Ukraine, and thereby precipitating a civil war, the West created a monster. For not only has the result been civil war, it has plunged relations between Russia and Washington to the lowest point since the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, when the world came the closest it ever has to nuclear Armageddon.

Today, three years after the coup in Kiev, there are thousands of NATO troops on Russia’s border, along with aircraft and a missile defense shield in Romania. Cynics among us may be tempted to speculate that this was part of the script all along, given Russia’s recovery and emergence as a strategic counterweight to Western hegemony in recent years. But whatever the motives the catastrophic outcome cannot be denied.

It is something to ponder that whereas during the Second World War Russia and the West were united in a common struggle to defeat fascism, in the second decade of the 21st century the West is supporting a country that, though not governed by fascists, is undeniably infested by a recrudescence of fascism.

“As crimes pile up,” Brecht reminds us, “they become invisible.”

The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official position of Sputnik. 

Check out John’s Sputnik radio show, Hard Facts.

Yanukovych’s “Trial” in Ukraine: a Coup That Doesn’t Let to Forget Itself
| August 16, 2017 | 8:44 pm | Ukraine | No comments
Former Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych interviewed by RIA Novosti

Yanukovych’s “Trial” in Ukraine: a Coup That Doesn’t Let to Forget Itself

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Dmitry Babich

A British writer and journalist Edward Lucas, one of the pioneers of the theory presenting Russia as an existential threat to the US and the European Union, several years ago coined the term of “whataboutism.”

The term is supposed to denote the inclination of Russian media to question the moral ground of Western accusations against Russia by pointing to the West’s own failures: “What about the war in Iraq,” “what about tapping the phones of citizens in the US,” etc.

Edward Lucas, however, forgot to mention the way in which the mainstream Western media answers “whataboutist” questions. The usual answer is “Let’s move on!”

Hundreds of thousands died in Iraq with the so-called Islamic State (Daesh in Arabic) and other terrorists still occupying a large chunk of the country 15 years after the US-led invasion? Let’s move on!

The Western powers, led by France, helped to destroy the state in Libya in 2011, promising democracy and prosperity to the country, which is still in raptures of a civil war six years after the Western-applauded “Arab spring”? Let’s move on!

Such an attitude could be called Let-us-move-on-ism. The moral credentials of Let-us-move-on-ism are obviously much shakier than the moral credentials of “whataboutism,” the latter being a reflection of the “globalist” epoch of international ratings and worldwide competition, with its passion for comparison.

Reality Does Not Move On

There are cases, however, when reality just does not want to move on. One such case is the crude nationalist nature of the new regime of Petro Poroshenko in Ukraine, which came to power in 2014 as a result of a violent protest openly supported by both the US and the EU. This Kiev-based regime does not move on changing its nature, with thousands of Russian books and films, as well as hundreds of Russian artists (including those of Ukrainian descent) still banned in Ukraine.

This regime reminds everyone of its existence every day, and not only by the continued military confrontation between the west and the east of the country, which somehow had never turned violent before 2014 under the ousted former president Viktor Yanukovych.

Now Poroshenko’s regime is holding a trial in absentia of Mr. Yanukovych, who had to flee for his life to Russia. Yanukovych leads his defense from Russia, using lawyers, since he was not allowed by the court to defend himself in the framework of a televised conference. Yanukovych has no other place for asylum, since he is still presented in the Western media as the main culprit of the violence that accompanied “peaceful” protests leading to his ouster in February 2014.The violence left dead 106 people (with 23 policemen among them), which makes “spontaneous peaceful protests” look more like a concerted Western-supported violent revolution that started in November 2013, after Yanukovych’s refusal to sign the association agreement with the EU.

A Lost Secret Which Millions Knew

At the trial held in Kiev, Yanukovych is accused of high treason, with the prosecutor claiming that Yanukovych “invited” Russian military to Ukraine.

The defense stresses the fact that the war started after the so called “peaceful protesters” took by storm the presidential residence on Bankovaya street in Kiev, as well as the buildings of the government and the parliament (Rada), which immediately started making very different statements from the ones it made under Mr. Yanukovych.

Defending himself, Yanukovych referred to the “Agreement on the Settling of the Political Crisis in Ukraine,” guaranteed by the German, French and Polish foreign ministers on February 21, 2014.However, when Yanukovych’s lawyers addressed the administration of the new president Petro Poroshenko asking to produce all documents related to the Agreement, it transpired that the original of the Agreement… could not be found by Poroshenko’s men!

In an official response to Yanukovych’s lawyers, whose copy was published by them via RIA Novosti news agency, Poroshenko’s administration stated that it had in its archives the documents pertaining to the fact that Yanukovych’s residence was visited on February 20-21 by the German, French and Polish foreign ministers. But “the other information that you required is absent.”

A Scandal That Just Isn’t There

The problem is that this response from Poroshenko’s administration is a scandal! The Agreement of February 21, 2014, was widely published and lauded by the world’s media, since its fulfillment provided hope for a peaceful resolution of the crisis.

According to this agreement, Yanukovych agreed to pre-term presidential election which would be held “not later than in December 2014” and made other concessions, while the “peaceful” opposition promised not to burn more government buildings and stop other violent actions.The Agreement was signed on the opposition’s side by the future prime minister Arseny Yatsenyuk and the future mayor of Kiev Vitaly Klitschko, so “losing” it is simply a crime, a mockery of justice.

It is clear, why the Western governments and the media hate to be reminded of the Agreement: the foreign ministers of Germany, France and Poland did nothing to “guarantee” the Agreement, even though they were specifically bound by the text to do so. Hours after the Agreement was signed, the “peaceful protesters” of Maidan, led by the neo-Nazis from the so called Right Sector group, took by storm and burnt to the ground the Kiev headquarters of Yanukovych’s Party of Regions, killing several civilians in the process.

Next the Maidan activists occupied the government quarter, with the Right Sector‘s commander, Dmitry Yarosh, saying he and his men were not bound by the Agreement. The Western governments happily forgot the Agreement, saying it was put aside by the push of people towards freedom. The “let-us-move-on” attitude prevailed.

After the “loss” of such a document, Yanukovych, quite expectedly, said he did not want to take part in the trial with a predetermined outcome. The Western media immediately interpreted it as an acknowledgement of guilt by the former president.

Impunity as the Root of New Conflicts

And here we come to one of the main dangers of the “let-us-move-on” attitude, namely to the total impunity for the culprits.

Yarosh later took part in the elections in “free post-Maidan” Ukraine as the leader of his party The Right Sector, he was even appointed an adviser to the minister of defense in the new government, which used the Right Sector as the backbone for “volunteer battalions” quelling the “pro-Russian separatists” in Eastern Ukraine.

Together with other participants of the violent actions against police and pro-Yanukovych civilians, Yarosh was amnestied during the first week of the existence of the new nationalist regime in Ukraine.The then German foreign minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier, the main guarantor the Agreement, later became the President of the Federal Republic of Germany. Steinmeier’s presidential office recently turned down a request from Yanukovych’s lawyers for Mr. Steinmeier to attend the trial in Kiev. The French foreign minister Laurent Fabius and his Polish colleague Radoslaw Sikorski, the two other “guarantors,” later quit their positions as part of normal government rotations and never mentioned the Agreement in their speeches. They routinely blame Russia for the civil war in Ukraine, which followed he violent “regime change” in Kiev.

“Let-Us-Move-On” in Other Places

A similar let-us-move-on-ist attitude was adopted by the Western press to many other wars, including the Russo-Georgian conflict of 2008.

The independent Fact-finding Mission headed by a Swiss diplomat Heidi Tagliavini found out that it was on the orders from the then Georgian president, Mikheil Saakashvili, that the Georgian artillery started bombarding the capital of South Ossetia, Tskhinvali, thus triggering a conflict.

Despite this conclusion, the Western media continues to write about the “Russian aggression” against Georgia in 2008.

However, the let-us-move-on-ist attitude sometimes falters, mostly due to time distance, which simply loosens the grip of the Western media and leaders on the past and its interpretation. For example, on the day of the 25th anniversary of Georgia’s aggression against Abkhazia in August 1992, the current prime minister of Georgia Georgy Kvirikashvili called the introduction of Georgian troops to the Abkhazian territory a quarter of a century ago “a big mistake” of the then Georgian authorities.

But the Western media for many years talked about “Russian occupation” of a part of the Georgian territory, and some of them continue to use the same language, becoming even greater Georgian nationalists than the current Georgian leadership.

No wonder Russia does not give much credence to the promises of the current Western leaders. With the current anti-Russian military exercises in the Baltic countries, Poland and Romania, one can barely remember the assurances of chancellor Angela Merkel that “NATO is not directed against Russia” or even “views Russia as a partner.”.

And, of course, one can only smile sadly remembering the statements made on the day of the signing of The Founding Act on NATO-Russia relations in 1997. The Western leaders, gathered in a big palace in Paris, then kept repeating that NATO has no intention of moving its military infrastructure closer to Russia’s borders.

The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official position of Sputnik.

Rogozin: Ukraine Could Have Sold Missile Engines Directly to North Korea
| August 16, 2017 | 8:41 pm | DPRK, Ukraine | No comments
People walk in front of a monitor showing news of North Korea's fresh threat in Tokyo, Japan, August 10, 2017.

Rogozin: Ukraine Could Have Sold Missile Engines Directly to North Korea

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Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said on Wednesday it is possible that either details about Ukrainian missile engine technologies were leaked to North Korea or Kiev sold the engines to Pyongyang directly.

MOSCOW (Sputnik) – The New York Times published an article on Monday suggesting that Pyongyang may be using a modified RD-250 high-performance liquid-propellant engine (LPE) for its latest missile. According to a study by Michael Elleman, which was quoted in the story, such engines used to be developed at Ukraine’s state-owned Yuzhmash and Russia’s Energomash companies. Elleman said as quoted the engines for North Korean missiles likely came from Ukraine, and probably by illicit means.

“There was either a leak of information, or a direct sale of the engines. It would have been difficult [to produce engines] without experts, who should be on the site and organize the production,” Rogozin told the Rossiya 24 broadcaster.

Yuzhmash, as well as the State Space Agency of Ukraine (SSAU), has denied any involvement in North Korea’s space or defense-related missile programs. The aerospace manufacturer also pointed out that it had produced neither missiles nor missile systems since Ukraine became an independent state after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.Ukrainian National Security and Defense Council Secretary Oleksandr Turchynov also said Monday that Ukraine’s defense and aerospace companies did not supply any weapons or military technologies to North Korea.

North Korea has carried out a number of missile tests within the recent months, which have prompted international criticism, resulted in new sanctions imposed by the UN Security Council and caused an escalation of the situation in the region.

Ukrainian PM Says Transfers of Missile Technology to North Korea ‘Impossible’
| August 15, 2017 | 9:43 pm | DPRK, Ukraine | No comments
Ukrainian Parliament Speaker Volodymyr Groysman attends a parliament session in Kiev, Ukraine, March 15, 2016

Ukrainian PM Says Transfers of Missile Technology to North Korea ‘Impossible’

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Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman denied on Tuesday reports suggesting a possible transfer of Ukraine’s military technologies for ballistic missiles to North Korea.

KIEV (Sputnik) — The New York Times newspaper reported on Monday that Pyongyang could be using for a modified RD-250 high-performance liquid-propellant engine (LPE) its latest missiles, the kind that used to be developed at Ukraine’s state-owned Yuzhmash and Russia’s Energomash company.

The article, citing classified assessments by US intelligence agencies and a study by Michael Elleman, senior fellow for missile defense with the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) think tank, read that the engines for North Korean missiles likely came from Ukraine, “probably illicitly.”

“Regarding a scandal with Yuzhmash, this is a clear provocation against Ukraine. This is nonsense and something like this is impossible. I rely on the statements by Yuzhmash and the National Security and Defense Council,” Groysman said on Twitter.

Yuzhmash on Monday denied any involvement in North Korea’s space or defense-related missile programs. The plant also pointed out that it had produced neither missiles nor missile systems since Ukraine became an independent state after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, whereas its only exported serially-produced engine was designed for use in space and was not suitable for ballistic missiles.

Ukrainian National Security and Defense Council Secretary Oleksandr Turchynov also said on Monday that Ukraine defense and aerospace companies did not supply any weapons or military technologies to North Korea.

The IISS on its part said its report did not suggest that the government in Kiev or Yuzhmash leadership executives were involved in this affair. Alexander Degtyarev, the general designer at Ukraine’s Yuzhnoye State Design Office, said that some country might have been able to copy the designs of missile engines developed in Ukraine.