Category: political struggle
Bernie Sanders Joins Democrats In Calling For Senate Shutdown To Stop Secret Health Care Bill

Bernie Sanders Joins Democrats In Calling For Senate Shutdown To Stop Secret Health Care Bill

Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) is supporting Democrats who are calling for the Senate to be shut down to stop the Republicans from keeping their health care bill a secret.


Bernie Sanders Joins Democrats In Calling For Senate Shutdown To Stop Secret Health Care Bill

Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) is supporting Democrats who are calling for the Senate to be shut down to stop the Republicans from keeping their health care bill a secret.
Transcript via CBS’s Face The Nation:

DICKERSON: Let me move here now to health care. You mentioned some of the policy differences. But there is a procedural debate going on about how this is being handled in the Senate. Some Democrats are suggesting because the- because you don’t know what’s in the bill and the bill’s being worked on in secret to just stop all Senate business, to just shut the place down as a way to kind of force play. Are you onboard with that?

SANDERS: John, here is the situation. We know the legislation that passed the House. It was the worst piece of legislation frankly against working class people that I can remember in my political life in the Congress. Throwing 23 million people off of health insurance is beyond belief. Now, in the Senate what you have is you have I believe it is 10 Republicans working behind closed doors to address 1/6th of the American economy. That’s what health care is. Republicans. The average Republican doesn’t even know what’s in that legislation. My understanding is that it will be brought forth just immediately before we have to vote on it. This is completely unacceptable. I mean, nobody can defend a process which will impact tens of millions of Americans, and nobody even knows what’s in the legislation. And, John, the important point here is the reason they don’t want to bring it public is that it is a disastrous bill. I suspect similar to what passed in the House. Who is going to defend cutting Medicaid by $800 billion at the same time as you give massive tax breaks to the wealthiest 2 percent? So they want to keep it secret. They don’t want the media involved. They don’t want members of Congress involved. And in the last minute, they present it. They push it through. And that is 1/6th of the American economy and millions of people thrown off of health insurance. That is unacceptable. I believe Democrats should do everything they can to oppose that legislation in any way that we can.

The reason why Democrats should shut the Senate down is that Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell wants a vote on the bill before the Senate’s Fourth of July recess. There is no way that McConnell will make his deadline if Democrats shut down the Senate. The Senate should not be open for business until the bill is made public and an open hearing is held on the legislation.

Democracy doesn’t work in secret, and Democrats should shut down the Senate until Republicans are ready to govern democratically.

KKE GS Dimitris Koutsoumbas: “The Greek people do not believe anymore the fairy tale of Mr.Tsipras”

Sunday, June 18, 2017

KKE GS Dimitris Koutsoumbas: “The Greek people do not believe anymore the fairy tale of Mr.Tsipras”

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/06/kke-gs-dimitris-koutsoumbas-greek.html
Visiting the city of Patras, where he met with the city’s communist mayor Kostas Peletidis, the Secretary General of the CC of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) Dimitris Koutsoumbas made the following statement:
“The Greek people do not believe anymore this oft repeated fairy tale which Mr.Tsipras and his government repeat, that the people’s sacrificies finally have results, that development will come and will be for their benefit. The huge sacrifices that the Greek people done, do and will continue doing, under the policies of governments so far, are for the interests of the big capital, of a few monopoly groups. This is the essence of that and our people are kneeling, bleeding and will continue doing so under the lasting memorandums and the new measures that are coming”.
 
Source: 902.gr / Translation: In Defense of Communism.
Nicolás Maduro: Cuba no está sola

Communist Party: “People’s Brexit: Youth Deserve a Decent start in Life”

Socialism makes the difference as Cuba confronts climate change

By W. T. Whitney Jr.

  1. B. Fidel Castro’s speech at the Rio Earth Summit June 12, 1992 appears below

Cuba’s Council on Ministers on April 25 approved “Life Task (“Tarea Vida”): the State’s Plan for Confronting Climate Change.” Life task will be submitted to Cuba’s National Assembly for approval. Implementation will be the responsibility of the Ministry of Science, Technology, and Environment (CITMA). The ministry’s head, Elba Rosa Pérez, indicated the Plan will require “progressive investments executed over short (the year 2020), medium (2030), long (2050), and very long (2100) terms.”

The unveiling of Life Task comes as the latest manifestation of Cuba’s sustained endeavor to contain the impact of climate change. Over the course of many years the Cuban government has dedicated resources and talent to the project. Policy makers have relied on facts, data, and ongoing research. The process has been orderly and thorough, and yet accepting of modifications to fit new realities. Crucially, the nation has responded to climate change on behalf of all Cubans.

Climate change, of course, affects the United States, in particular Virginia’s Tangier Island, now being engulfed by Chesapeake Bay waters. “[A]t some point it will be too late to save Tangier,” announced Virginia official John Bull on June 2. That was one day after President Donald Trump indicated the United States would be withdrawing from the non-binding Paris Climate Change agreement of 2015.

Cuba’s approach is different. In June 1992, Cuban President Fidel Castro was in Rio de Janeiro attending the United Nations Conference on Environment and Developmentthe “Rio Earth Summit.” There, nations of the world arranged for future UN – sponsored meetings at which scientific findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change would be reviewed. Those recurring meetings, each a so-called “Conference of the Parties,” have led to agreements for reducing carbon emissions, such as the Paris agreement of 2015.

Castro could well have stayed home in 1992; Cubans were facing catastrophe, both humanitarian and economic, following the Soviet collapse. He was in Brazil because revolutionary Cuba speaks for solidarity with all people. In remarks to the delegates, he gave voice to Jose Marti who said: “the homeland is humanity.” Castro warned of danger to humankind “due to the accelerated and progressive destruction of its natural living conditions.”

Afterwards, the government he led took steps on behalf of its own people. It created the Institute of Meteorology, the Institute of Hydraulic Resources, and networks of environmental agencies. It produced maps: a “Climate Atlas,” a national atlas, and soil and geological maps. In 1993 it created “The National Program for the Environment and Development.” The Ministry of Science, Technology, and Environment took shape in 1994. In 1997, Law 81 defined the structure and functioning of centers specializing in environmental work.

Cuba’s Academy of Sciences initiated studies in 1991. The Institute of Meteorology issued two major reports in 1998 and in 2000. After Hurricanes Charley and Ivan in 2004, research efforts intensified. Collective scientific work culminated in a summarizing report released by the Institute of Meteorology in 2014 after three years of work. Titled “Impacts of Climate Change and Measures for Adaptation in Cuba,” the 430-page document contained articles by dozens of authors from 26 Cuban research institutes.

The report surveys climate – change manifestations in Cuba, presents likely climate scenarios “for 2050 and 2100,” evaluates potential effects on various socio-economic sectors, identifies knowledge gaps, and establishes priorities in protecting natural resources. It calls upon the government to develop new capacities and to apply remedial and protective measures in an integrated fashion.

 

Findings of the report found their way into Cuba’s contribution to the “Second National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.” Commenting on the report, Myrta Kaulard, a United Nations representative assigned to Cuba, observed that, “The team of Cuban experts was capable of achieving equilibrium between the scientific rigor imposed by an investigation of such magnitude and the necessity to explain the anticipated impacts in clear language.”

 

CITMA head Elba Rosa Pérez on April 25 explained that the “Life Task” endeavor was the fruit of research, experimentation, agricultural innovations, and previous experience with protecting natural systems. She identified three priorities: “preserving lives in the most vulnerable areas,” food security, and tourism.

 

The plan calls for “strategic actions,” among them: a ban on new home construction in vulnerable coastal areas, adaptation of infrastructure to coastal flooding, adjustment of land use to drought and salt water contamination, and new farming methods.

 

Projects under Life Task will include : crop diversification; development of heat-resistant plant varieties; protection of urban infrastructure and dwellings; rebuilding of urban sea fronts; relocation of homes; restoration of protective eco-systems such as beaches, coral reefs, and mangrove swamps; improved engineering and hydraulic infrastructure for coastal regions; enhanced water availability; and reforestation to protect soil and water sources.

All in all, Cuba’s preparations for meeting threats on the way from climate change have been persistent and comprehensive; planners relied on ample human resources and full government support.

In the United States, the Obama administration did issue executive orders in 2013 relating to carbon pollution, adverse climate – change effects, and U. S. international leadership. The Trump administration brushed them away. Despite popular mobilizations and despite former Vice President Al Gore’s educational efforts – after he left office – the U. S. approach to climate has no overarching strategy or plan, and includes no significant legislation. Discussion in the United States centers on placating special interests.

Fidel Castro’s remarks in 1992 in Brazil foreshadowed the tension that would come later between two opposed ways of dealing with climate change. People in wealthy nations, he said, enjoy “lifestyles and consumer habits that ruin the environment; … consumer societies are chiefly responsible for this appalling environmental destruction.”

Castro was referring to the flow of wealth from poor to rich nations. He suggested implicitly that that acquisitiveness and production hikes go together in those societies. Industrialized nations, he emphasized, “have saturated the atmosphere with gases, altering climatic conditions with the catastrophic effects we are already beginning to suffer.” Today we realize that production expands in tandem with unlimited energy sources, until now fossil fuels. So carbon emissions increase, and global warming accentuates.

“Make human life more rational,” Castro insisted. “Adopt a just international economic order. Use science to achieve sustainable development without pollution. Pay the ecological debt. Eradicate hunger and not humanity.” He was saying, in effect, that privilege in the industrialized countries depends on subjugation of the world’s majority population to poverty and suffering.

The entire line of reasoning, from Castro in 1992 to what we know now, reveals the imperialist and exploitative underpinnings of the prevailing approach to climate change. The link between climate change and capitalist modes of living and producing is also readily apparent.

Socialist Cuba has long resisted big – power pretentions and long defended working people against capitalist exploitation. In responding to climate change, aggravated by capitalism, Cuba had the right tools at hand, those well – used ones that are essential for moving toward a socialist society. Cuba elaborated a plan, and did so collectively. Planners looked at realities, subjecting them to scientific study. Plans for which a socialist state is responsible serve the good of all. They don’t allow for accumulation or profiteering. These devices aren’t complicated.

Maybe, as suggested by Karl Marx, peoples imbued with socialist values are, on that account, respectful of nature. If so, perhaps they are uniquely qualified to defend against climate change. In his German Ideology, Marx wrote that, “The restricted attitude of men to nature determines their restricted relation to one another, and their restricted attitude to one another determines men’s restricted relation to nature.”

Cuban President Fidel Castro’s speech at the Rio Earth Summit on June 12, 1992

An important biological species — humankind — is at risk of disappearing due to the rapid and progressive elimination of its natural habitat. We are becoming aware of this problem when it is almost too late to prevent it. It must be said that consumer societies are chiefly responsible for this appalling environmental destruction.

They were spawned by the former colonial metropolis. They are the offspring of imperial policies which, in turn, brought forth the backwardness and poverty that have become the scourge for the great majority of humankind.

With only 20% of the world’s population, they consume two-thirds of all metals and three-fourths of the energy produced worldwide. They have poisoned the seas and the rivers. They have polluted the air. They have weakened and perforated the ozone layer. They have saturated the atmosphere with gases, altering climatic conditions with the catastrophic effects we are already beginning to suffer.

The forests are disappearing. The deserts are expanding. Billions of tons of fertile soil are washed every year into the sea. Numerous species are becoming extinct. Population pressures and poverty lead to desperate efforts to survive, even at the expense of nature. Third World countries, yesterday’s colonies and today nations exploited and plundered by an unjust international economic order, cannot be blamed for all this.

The solution cannot be to prevent the development of those who need it the most. Because today, everything that contributes to underdevelopment and poverty is a flagrant rape of the environment.

As a result, tens of millions of men, women and children die every year in the Third World, more than in each of the two world wars.

Unequal trade, protectionism and the foreign debt assault the ecological balance and promote the destruction of the environment. If we want to save humanity from this self-destruction, wealth and available technologies must be distributed better throughout the planet. Less luxury and less waste in a few countries would mean less poverty and hunger in much of the world.

Stop transferring to the Third World lifestyles and consumer habits that ruin the environment. Make human life more rational. Adopt a just international economic order. Use science to achieve sustainable development without pollution. Pay the ecological debt. Eradicate hunger and not humanity.

Now that the supposed threat of communism has disappeared and there is no more pretext to wage cold wars or continue the arms race and military spending, what then is preventing these resources from going immediately to promote Third World development and fight the ecological destruction threatening the planet?

Enough of selfishness. Enough of schemes of domination. Enough of insensitivity, irresponsibility and deceit. Tomorrow will be too late to do what we should have done a long time ago.

https://www.greenleft.org.au/content/fidel-castro-earth-summit

 

 

Greek soldiers declare NATO forces “unwelcome”

Sunday, June 18, 2017

Greek soldiers declare NATO forces “unwelcome”

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/06/greek-soldiers-declare-nato-forces.html
THEY ARE NOT WELCOME!
With an open letter, soldiers from military camps in Evros and Thrace in Greece express their protest against the facilitations that Greece’s Armed Forces provide to NATO’s exercise “Noble Jump”.
More speficially, the soldiers denounce the SYRIZA-ANEL government for providing Greek “territory and waters” to NATO’s forces and underline that the governmental policy consists “a provocation for the soldiers, who are children of the Greek people, especially after the reactions of soldiers and the popular movement which, for at least 20 days, with statements, demonstrations, reports and letters from Greece and Cyprus, have expressed their opposition to NATO”.
In their letter, the soldiers write: “We are not assistant staff to NATO forces”. 
 
“We express our opposition to the use of ports, airports, roads, camps and other infrastructure of our country by NATO’s military forces. They must not set their foot in our country’s soil. They are not welcome”, the Greek soldiers conclude in their open letter.
The above letter of soldiers consists part of an escalation of anti-imperialist mobilizations and actions within the working-people’s movement against Greece’s participation in NATO’s dangerous plans. A few weeks ago, members of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) had created a human chain in Egnatia motorway, close to the city of Kozani, thus blocking the way to a NATO convoy which was passing through northern Greece in order to participate to the “Noble Jump” military exercise in Romania.
Numerous anti-NATO demonstrations took place this month in Alexandroupolis and other cities, while a large anti-imperialist rally, organised by the All-Militant Workers Front (PAME), will be held in Thessaloniki on Saturday 24th June.
Source: Rizospastis / Translation: In Defense of Communism.
“The United States is not in a position to give us lessons”: Cuba responds to Trump’s provocations

Saturday, June 17, 2017

“The United States is not in a position to give us lessons”: Cuba responds to Trump’s provocations

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/06/the-united-states-is-not-in-position-to.html
Havana, June 16, 2017.
On June 16th, 2017, the President of the United States, Donald Trump, in a speech full of hostile rhetoric, which recalled the times of the open confrontation with our country, pronounced in a Miami theater, announced the policy of his Government to Cuba that reverses progress achieved in the last two years, after the presidents Raul Castro Ruz and Barack Obama on December 17th, 2014 announced the decision to reestablish diplomatic relations and begin a process towards the normalization of bilateral ties.
In what constitutes a setback in relations between the two countries, Trump made a speech and signed a directive policy called “Presidential Memorandum of National Security on Strengthening US Policy towards Cuba”, stating the elimination of individual “people-to-people” educational exchanges and greater oversight of US travelers to Cuba, as well as the prohibition of the economic, commercial and financial transactions of US companies with Cuban companies linked to the Revolutionary Armed Forces and Intelligence and security services, all with the aim of depriving us of income.
The US president justified this policy with alleged concerns about the human rights situation in Cuba and the need to rigorously apply the laws of the blockade, conditioning its lifting, as well as any improvement in bilateral relations, for our country to make changes inherent in its constitutional order.
Trump also repealed the Presidential Policy Directive “Normalization of US-Cuba Relations,” issued by President Obama on October 14th, 2016, which, while not obscuring the intrusive nature of US policy, nor the goal of advancing its interests in the pursuit of changes in the economic, political and social order of our country, had recognized the independence, sovereignty and self-determination of Cuba and the Cuban government as a legitimate and equal interlocutor, as well as the benefits it would bring to both countries and peoples a relationship of civilized coexistence within the great differences that exist between the two governments. He also admitted that the blockade was an obsolete policy and should be eliminated.
Again, the United States Government resorted to coercive methods of the past, adopting measures to intensify the blockade, in force since February 1962, which not only causes damage and deprivation to the Cuban people and constitutes an undeniable obstacle to the development of our economy, but also affects the sovereignty and interests of other countries, inciting international rejection.
The announced measures impose additional obstacles to the very restricted opportunities that the US business sector had to trade and invest in Cuba.
In turn, they further restrict the right of US citizens to visit our country, already limited by the obligation to use discriminatory licenses, at a time when the United States Congress, as a reflection of the broad sectors of that society, calls not only for an end to the travel ban, but also for the lifting of restrictions on trade with Cuba.
President Trump’s announcements contradict the majority support of American public opinion, including that of Cuban emigration in that country, about the total lifting of the blockade and the normal relations between Cuba and the United States.
Instead, the US president, again badly advised, makes decisions that favor the political interests of an extremist minority of Cuban origin in the state of Florida, who for petty reasons does not give up his claim to punish Cuba and its people, to exercise the legitimate and sovereign right to be free and to have taken the reins of his own destiny.
Later we will do a more thorough analysis of the scope and implications of this announcement.
The Cuban Government denounces the new measures to tighten the blockade, which are destined to fail as has been shown repeatedly in the past, and which will not achieve its purpose to weaken the Revolution or to defeat the Cuban people, whose resistance to the aggressions of any type and origin has been proven over almost six decades.
The Government of Cuba rejects manipulation for political purposes and double standards in the treatment of human rights. The Cuban people enjoy fundamental rights and freedoms, and exhibit achievements of which they are proud and are a chimera for many countries in the world, including the United States itself, such as the right to health, education, social security, equal pay for equal work, children’s rights, and the right to food, peace and development. With its modest resources, Cuba has also contributed to the improvement of human rights in many parts of the world, despite the limitations imposed by its status as a blockaded country.
The United States is not in a position to give us lessons. We have serious concerns about the respect and guarantees of human rights in that country, where there are numerous cases of murders, brutality and police abuses, particularly against the African American population; the right to life is violated as a result of gun deaths; child labor is being exploited and there are serious manifestations of racial discrimination; threatening to impose more restrictions on health services, which would leave 23 million people without health insurance; there is wage inequality between men and women; migrants and refugees are marginalized, particularly those from Islamic countries; is intended to erect walls that denigrate neighbors; and abandon international commitments to preserve the environment and address climate change.
Human rights violations committed by the United States in other countries, such as the arbitrary detention of dozens of prisoners in the territory illegally occupied by the Guantanamo Navy Base in Cuba, where they have even been tortured, are also a matter of concern; extrajudicial executions and the deaths of civilians caused by bombs and the use of drones; and the wars unleashed against various countries like Iraq, based on lies about the possession of weapons of mass destruction, with dire consequences for the peace, security and stability of the Middle East region.
We recall that Cuba is a state signatory of 44 international instruments on human rights, while the United States is only 18, so we have much to show, speak up, and defend.
In confirming the decision to reestablish diplomatic relations, Cuba and the United States ratified their intention to develop respectful and cooperative ties between the two peoples and governments, based on the principles and purposes enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations. In its Declaration, issued on July 1st, 2015, the Cuban Revolutionary Government reaffirmed that these relations must be based on absolute respect for our independence and sovereignty; the inalienable right of every state to choose the political, economic, social and cultural system, without interference in any way; and sovereign equality and reciprocity, which are inalienable principles of international law, as endorsed by the Latin American and Caribbean Proclamation as a Zone of Peace, signed by the Heads of State and Government of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States ( CELAC), at its II Summit, in Havana. Cuba has not renounced these principles and will never give up.
The Government of Cuba reiterates its willingness to continue a respectful dialogue and cooperation on issues of mutual interest, as well as the negotiation of pending bilateral issues with the United States Government. In the last two years, it has been demonstrated that the two countries can coexist, as the President of the Councils of State and Ministers, General of the Army Raul Castro Ruz, have repeatedly expressed, can cooperate and coexist civilly, by respecting our differences and promoting everything that benefits both nations and peoples, but it should not be expected that Cuba will make concessions inherent to its sovereignty and independence, nor will accept any kind of conditionality.
Any strategy aimed at changing the political, economic and social system in Cuba, whether it seeks to achieve this through pressures and impositions, or by using more subtle methods, will be doomed to failure.
The changes that are necessary in Cuba, such as those made since 1959 and those that we are undertaking now as part of the process of updating our economic and social model, will continue to be decided sovereignly by the Cuban people.
As we have done since the triumph on January 1st, 1959, we will assume any risk and continue to be firm and secure in building a sovereign, independent, socialist, democratic, prosperous and sustainable nation.
* * * 
 
La Habana, 16 de junio de 2017.
 
El 16 de junio de 2017, el presidente de los Estados Unidos, Donald Trump, en un discurso cargado de una retórica hostil, que rememoró los tiempos de la confrontación abierta con nuestro país, pronunciado en un teatro de Miami, anunció la política de su gobierno hacia Cuba que revierte avances alcanzados en los dos últimos años, después que el 17 de diciembre de 2014 los presidentes Raúl Castro Ruz y Barack Obama dieran a conocer la decisión de restablecer las relaciones diplomáticas e iniciar un proceso hacia la normalización de los vínculos bilaterales.
En lo que constituye un retroceso en las relaciones entre los dos países, Trump pronunció un discurso y firmó en el propio acto una directiva de política denominada “Memorando Presidencial de Seguridad Nacional sobre el Fortalecimiento de la Política de los Estados Unidos hacia Cuba” disponiendo la eliminación de los intercambios educacionales “pueblo a pueblo” a título individual y una mayor fiscalización de los viajeros estadounidenses a Cuba, así como la prohibición de las transacciones económicas, comerciales y financieras de compañías norteamericanas con empresas cubanas vinculadas con las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias y los servicios de inteligencia y seguridad, todo ello con el pretendido objetivo de privarnos de ingresos. El mandatario estadounidense justificó esta política con supuestas preocupaciones sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Cuba y la necesidad de aplicar rigurosamente las leyes del bloqueo, condicionando su levantamiento, así como cualquier mejoría en las relaciones bilaterales, a que nuestro país realice cambios inherentes a su ordenamiento constitucional.
Trump derogó asimismo la Directiva Presidencial de Política “Normalización de las relaciones entre los Estados Unidos y Cuba”, emitida por el presidente Obama el 14 de octubre de 2016, la cual aunque no ocultaba el carácter injerencista de la política estadounidense, ni el objetivo de hacer avanzar sus intereses en la consecución de cambios en el orden económico, político y social de nuestro país, había reconocido la independencia, la soberanía y la autodeterminación de Cuba y al gobierno cubano como un interlocutor legítimo e igual, así como los beneficios que reportaría a ambos países y pueblos una relación de convivencia civilizada dentro de las grandes diferencias que existen entre los dos gobiernos. También admitía que el bloqueo era una política obsoleta y que debía ser eliminado.
Nuevamente el Gobierno de los Estados Unidos recurre a métodos coercitivos del pasado, al adoptar medidas de recrudecimiento del bloqueo, en vigor desde febrero de 1962, que no solo provoca daños y privaciones al pueblo cubano y constituye un innegable obstáculo al desarrollo de nuestra economía, sino que afecta también la soberanía y los intereses de otros países, concitando el rechazo internacional.
Las medidas anunciadas imponen trabas adicionales a las muy restringidas oportunidades que el sector empresarial estadounidense tenía para comerciar e invertir en Cuba.
A su vez, restringen aún más el derecho de los ciudadanos estadounidenses de visitar nuestro país, ya limitado por la obligación de usar licencias discriminatorias, en momentos en que el Congreso de los Estados Unidos, como reflejo del sentir de amplios sectores de esa sociedad, reclama no solo que se ponga fin a la prohibición de viajar, sino también que se eliminen las restricciones al comercio con Cuba.
Los anuncios del presidente Trump contradicen el apoyo mayoritario de la opinión pública estadounidense, incluyendo el de la emigración cubana en ese país, al levantamiento total del bloqueo y a las relaciones normales entre Cuba y los Estados Unidos.
En su lugar, el Presidente estadounidense, otra vez mal asesorado, toma decisiones que favorecen los intereses políticos de una minoría extremista de origen cubano del estado de Florida, que por motivaciones mezquinas no desiste de su pretensión de castigar a Cuba y a su pueblo, por ejercer el derecho legítimo y soberano de ser libre y haber tomado las riendas de su propio destino.
Posteriormente haremos un análisis más profundo del alcance y las implicaciones de este anuncio.
El Gobierno de Cuba denuncia las nuevas medidas de endurecimiento del bloqueo, que están destinadas a fracasar como se ha demostrado repetidamente en el pasado, y que no lograrán su propósito de debilitar a la Revolución ni doblegar al pueblo cubano, cuya resistencia a las agresiones de cualquier tipo y origen ha sido probada a lo largo de casi seis décadas.
El Gobierno de Cuba rechaza la manipulación con fines políticos y el doble rasero en el tratamiento del tema de los derechos humanos. El pueblo cubano disfruta de derechos y libertades fundamentales, y exhibe logros de los que se siente orgulloso y que son una quimera para muchos países del mundo, incluyendo a los propios Estados Unidos, como el derecho a la salud, la educación, la seguridad social, el salario igual por trabajo igual, los derechos de los niños, y el derecho a la alimentación, la paz y al desarrollo. Con sus modestos recursos, Cuba ha contribuido también a la mejoría de los derechos humanos en muchos lugares del mundo, a pesar de las limitaciones que le impone su condición de país bloqueado.
Los Estados Unidos no están en condiciones de darnos lecciones. Tenemos serias preocupaciones por el respeto y las garantías de los derechos humanos en ese país, donde hay numerosos casos de asesinatos, brutalidad y abusos policiales, en particular contra la población afroamericana; se viola el derecho a la vida como resultado de las muertes por armas de fuego; se explota el trabajo infantil y existen graves manifestaciones de discriminación racial; se amenaza con imponer más restricciones a los servicios de salud, que dejarían a 23 millones de personas sin seguro médico; existe la desigualdad salarial entre hombres y mujeres; se margina a emigrantes y refugiados, en particular los procedentes de países islámicos; se pretende levantar muros que denigran a vecinos; y se abandonan los compromisos internacionales para preservar el medio ambiente y enfrentar el cambio climático.
Asimismo, son motivo de preocupación las violaciones de los derechos humanos cometidas por los Estados Unidos en otros países, como las detenciones arbitrarias de decenas de presos en el territorio ilegalmente ocupado por la Base Naval de Guantánamo en Cuba, donde incluso se ha torturado; las ejecuciones extrajudiciales y las muertes de civiles causadas por bombas y el empleo de drones; y las guerras desatadas contra diversos países como Irak, sustentadas en mentiras sobre la posesión de armas de exterminio masivo, con consecuencias nefastas para la paz, la seguridad y la estabilidad de la región del Medio Oriente.
Recordamos que Cuba es Estado Parte de 44 instrumentos internacionales sobre los derechos humanos, mientras que los Estados Unidos lo es solo de 18, por lo que tenemos mucho que mostrar, opinar, y defender.
Al confirmar la decisión de restablecer las relaciones diplomáticas, Cuba y los Estados Unidos ratificaron la intención de desarrollar vínculos respetuosos y de cooperación entre ambos pueblos y gobiernos, basados en los principios y propósitos consagrados en la Carta de las Naciones Unidas. En su Declaración, emitida el 1 de julio de 2015, el Gobierno Revolucionario de Cuba reafirmó que “estas relaciones deberán cimentarse en el respeto absoluto a nuestra independencia y soberanía; el derecho inalienable de todo Estado a elegir el sistema político, económico, social y cultural, sin injerencia de ninguna forma; y la igualdad soberana y la reciprocidad, que constituyen principios irrenunciables del Derecho Internacional”, tal como refrendó la Proclama de América Latina y el Caribe como Zona de Paz, firmada por los Jefes de Estado y Gobierno de la Comunidad de Estados Latinoamericanos y Caribeños (CELAC), en su II Cumbre, en La Habana. Cuba no ha renunciado a estos principios ni renunciará jamás.
El Gobierno de Cuba reitera su voluntad de continuar el diálogo respetuoso y la cooperación en temas de interés mutuo, así como la negociación de los asuntos bilaterales pendientes con el Gobierno de los Estados Unidos. En los dos últimos años se ha demostrado que los dos países, como ha expresado reiteradamente el Presidente de los Consejos de Estado y de Ministros, General de Ejército Raúl Castro Ruz, pueden cooperar y convivir civilizadamente, respetando las diferencias y promoviendo todo aquello que beneficie a ambas naciones y pueblos, pero no debe esperarse que para ello Cuba realice concesiones inherentes a su soberanía e independencia, ni acepte condicionamientos de ninguna índole.
Cualquier estrategia dirigida a cambiar el sistema político, económico y social en Cuba, ya sea la que pretenda lograrlo a través de presiones e imposiciones, o empleando métodos más sutiles, estará condenada al fracaso.
Los cambios que sean necesarios en Cuba, como los realizados desde 1959 y los que estamos acometiendo ahora como parte del proceso de actualización de nuestro modelo económico y social, los seguirá decidiendo soberanamente el pueblo cubano.
Como hemos hecho desde el triunfo del 1ro. de enero de 1959, asumiremos cualquier riesgo y continuaremos firmes y seguros en la construcción de una nación soberana, independiente, socialista, democrática, próspera y sostenible.