Category: Communist Party of Sweden (SKP)
Communist Party of Sweden (SKP): Report on the 37th Congress

Friday, June 9, 2017

Communist Party of Sweden (SKP): Report on the 37th Congress

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/06/communist-party-of-sweden-skp-report-on.html

Sveriges Kommunistiska Parti (SKP)

The 37th congress of the Communist Party of Sweden was held May 26th – 28th. The entire congress was characterised by lively discussions and good comradeship. Each congress is a milestone in the development of the party, and the 37th congress was no exception to this.

During three intense days, a varied group of communists from Piteå in the north to Malmö in the south were gathered. Workers and unemployed, students and retired people came together to define the party′s tactics and to evaluate past activity. New comrades and comrades with almost 50 years of membership met in order to analyse the situation in Sweden, and youthful enthusiasm was a hallmark of the congress, with a strong optimism about the future – something shared by the youngest delegate of 21 years and the oldest one of 86. During months of preparations and discussions in the party′s basic organisations a lot of questions were prepared for the congress, and during the congress days the time was ripe for making decisions.

In the time leading up to this congress, the party, for practical reasons, had decided only to invite fraternal parties that were already present in Sweden or in its immediate linguistic vicinity. Nevertheless, the internationalist stamp of the congress could not be missed. About 30 greetings came from communist parties in different parts of the world, and attending in Stockholm were the heads of the international relations sections from Norway (NKP),Denmark (KPiD) and Greece (KKE).

The party’s resigning chairman Victor Diaz De Filippi in his introduction spoke about the party′s activity during the past inter-congress period, and his conclusion that the party is both growing and going forwards with new, youthful strength was applauded. Victor Diaz De Filippi also made it clear that the social democracy has had a detrimental influence on the workers′ movement and that the opportunist left party (Vänsterpartiet) lacks class based politics. The steps forward taken by the party during the last inter-congress period were celebrated, for instance the popular communist basic education course, which was developed after many years without such a course, and that the party had been active in starting up the European Initiative of Communist and Workers Parties. Through this work, the party was trusted to sit in the secretariat of the movement, which the congress saw as a success. At the same time, shortcomings in the party were criticised. The speech concluded with a celebration of the party′s history:

This year, the communist party celebrates its 100-year anniversary in the struggle for work, peace and socialism. It has a history filled with names of legends and with unsung heroes. We stand on the shoulders of giants, but we must not forget that we ourselves also are a part of this glorious history, and one day others will stand on our shoulders. We will complete our historical mission, and one day the party, as well as famine, war and class oppression will be a footnote in history, a curiosity. We will have earned our rest by then. But that day has not yet come, and the struggle continues!

The party′s history was also honoured, both on the jubilee festivity and in connection with a delegation from the congress, together with international guests, visiting the grave of the party’s legendary leader Sven Linderot, who lead the party from 1929 to 1951. The headstone, which was paid for by the Communist Party of Sweden (which is written on the back side) features a picture of red banners with a portrait of Linderot and the text ′′Leader of workers – Builder of the party′′.

The party congress treated a proposition for a program on educational politics. The program was approved with a few changes. This means that the party now has a comprehensive program of importance for all categories in the education system: pupils and teachers, parents and other school personnel. This program was developed in a time of great urgency, when study after study showed, and still shows, deteriorating results in the educational system, which at the same time is privately owned to a degree that is one of the highest in the world.

The program contains concrete proposals regarding how to stop the deterioration in school and education, and combines the currently important demands with the party′s long-term goals and the transition to socialism. The plans for a socialist school are sketched in the program, something which indicates the party ́s maturity.

The proposal for a political program for trade unions was also approved with a few changes. It is in the daily production that the antagonism between the working class and the capitalist class are the strongest. Therefore, it is also in work that the struggle for the revolutionary change of society must be made clear and strengthened. The program concludes that class consciousness must increase, and that the communist party is, and must be, the organiser of this. The trade union movement has been transformed from fighting organisations to huge bureaucratic colossi, where real democratic influence has been replaced with representatives and bureaucracy.

The communists strive to make the trade unions into fighting organisations once again. And the resistance to this comes from those leaders, who in a best-case scenario may make a half-hearted radical pronouncement now and then, but who for most of the time join in the capitalist’s praises of ′′the power of capitalist competition and inflation goals′′, of postponed retirement age, downgrading of the social security network and so on. The program shows a clearly defined path for how to strengthen the members influence and how communists in the trade unions should act. Further, just as in the program on educational politics, there are sketches drawn up for the future, where the plans for the role of trade unions under socialism are presented.

The party program was also discussed during the congress and several changes were approved. The congress was characterised by deep ideological discussions. Some up-dates regarding numbers and statistics were implemented, but the program was also updated ideologically. Despite the program being relatively new, it contained remnants of a political course that was pursued during the Cold War, when we had a socialist block that acted as a counter weight to the ravages of imperialism. This means, for example, that the view of the UN has been re-evaluated by the party. Since monopoly capitalism has an integrated need for growth, the UN cannot guarantee peace, and neither can reform in capitalist society. The new program concludes that the antagonistic relationships inherent in world imperialism, which may also result in new world wars, only can be opposed by eliminating the driving force behind the imperialist wars, namely the striving for profit, and the system that presupposes this.

The party program states clearly that only socialism can guarantee a world of peace and development in the interest of the majority of the population. The earlier concept of a path to socialism step by step was also discussed during the congress. The productive forces in our time have matured and developed to such an extent that the direct transition to socialism is objectively possible. Thus, the program has been made more explicit, in the sense that it is of absolutely critical importance that the workers′ movement in every country deals directly with the question of socialism.

The changes in the updated party program also state that our current society, the capitalist society, is a dictatorship. Even if it upholds a ′′democratic′′ facade, it is the capital that, both outside and inside of it judicial framework, dictates the terms. The capital is prepared to defend its autocracy with all available means. The working class therefore needs to abolish the state that upholds the dictatorship of the capitalist class and replace it, in defence against counter revolution, with its own dictatorship, the dictatorship of the proletariat.

The dictatorship of the proletariat is construed in a vastly more democratic way than the current ′′democracy′′. Here, the majority of the population are given a critical influence and the state is used to protect them and their interests, rather than those of the diminishing bourgeoisie.

The exploitation of human beings is made impossible. The updated party program also takes a stronger stand against those forces that claim that there is a possibility for, and try to propagate illusions about, a ′′nice capitalism′′ or a ′capitalism with a human face′′. The taking over of the means of production and the natural resources of Sweden must be done by the Swedish working class. The congress concluded that SKP’s task is to lead this struggle by organising the most conscious elements of the working class, those that are ready to fight.

Further, the party′s statutes were a subject discussed at the congress. Taking into consideration that the party has developed a basic ideological education course during the period leading up to the congress, it was natural to stipulate having absolved this course, or having equivalent understanding of Marxism-Leninism, as a pre-requisite for membership. Some other prerequisites for membership were also sharpened.

An offensive operational plan was decided upon, which the newly elected party leadership now has the task of concretising. Focus for the coming inter-congress period will, amongst others, be on strengthening the party′s organisation and the study activities. The communist newspaper will also be improved.

The congress also treated the environmental questions and decided that they will be concretised in a program during the coming inter-congress period. Just as the approved programs on educational politics and the political program for trade unions, this program must clearly express the party′s visions about socialist society. For all those, predominantly the young, for whom environmental questions are important and who are worried about global warming and the water resources, knowledge must be made available about the position taken by the Communist Party of Sweden regarding climate change, green-house effect and environmental activism. A discussion will therefore be scheduled for the period leading up to the next congress.

The liberation of women was another topic. The congress concluded, like earlier congresses, that the struggle for liberation of women is of great importance, but communists see other causal relationships for inequality between men and women, than for instance feminists.

Inequality is not due to a power structure according to gender, but basically to capitalist society and can only be abolished together with this. Feminism is related to identity theory, one of all those theories that proclaim individuality as opposed to class, and which puts subjective experience before objective reality, and promotes idealism instead of materialism.

Among other things, the congress decided that the leading organs of the party be given a collective responsibility for integrating questions of gender equality in the political, organisational and outwardly oriented work, as also in the party media. This work must always be strictly and creatively controlled.

The congress adopted three pronouncements: one regarding refugee politics, one in support of the occupants of the hospital in Sollefteå and one in solidarity for the fighting dock workers. Following the congress there was also a festivity to celebrate the party’s 100-year jubilee.

There was a much-appreciated music program with talented contributions of folk music, ballads, jazz and hip-hop. There also was a large exhibition showing posters from the party′s history, old membership books etc.

During the congress, the decision was made to increase the party leadership from nine to twelve members. Twelve comrades with differing professions, differing ages and with a varied experience were unanimously elected to constitute the new board. At the board′s constitutive meeting Andreas Sörensen was unanimously chosen to be the new party chairman, and at the closure of the congress he held a strong and inspiring speech. In his conclusion Andreas Sörensen said:

It is now time for us to take on the work we have assumed and which we will continue to do until we have won. Even if socialism can seem to be very far away, it is never so far away that it cannot be reached by us. 

Lastly, the Internationale was sung, and the chairman of the congress presidium, Lars Lundberg, a veteran of the party, said, just before the club hit the table to conclude the congress, ′′This was the best party congress I have been to in a very long time′′.

Internationalist event on May 7 in Berlin: 72 years after the Great Antifascist Victory of the Peoples

Saturday, May 6, 2017

Internationalist event on May 7 in Berlin: 72 years after the Great Antifascist Victory of the Peoples

https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/05/internationalist-event-on-may-7-in.html
An important internationalist event is being organized by the European Communist Initiative in Berlin on Sunday 7/5, with as its theme:
«May 9, 72 years after the Great Antifascist Victory of the Peoples: We are inspired and continue the struggle against the distortion of history by the EU-capital. For the overthrow of the system that creates crises, wars, fascism.”
The event is supported by the Party Organization of the KKE in Germany and Party Organization of the CP of Turkey in Germany. The programme of the event will include interventions from the representatives of the CPs that participate in the “Initiative” and a concert with songs of the Red Army and other revolutionary songs.
The 15 Parties that have declared their participation are:
Communist Revolutionary Party of France
Pole of Communist Revival in France
Communist Party of Greece
Workers’ Party of Ireland
Communist Party, Italy
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain
Socialist Workers Party of Croatia
Belarusian Communist Party of Workers-Section of the CPSU
Communist Party of Norway
Hungarian Workers’ Party
Communist Party of Poland
Russian Communist Workers’ Party
Communist Party of Sweden
Communist Party of Turkey


A representative of the German CP will also attend the event.
The representatives of the parties of the European Communist Initiative will visit and lay a wreath at the Soviet War Memorial in Treptower Park, where thousands of soldiers of the Red Army who gave their lives in the tough battle to capture Berlin in April and May of 1945 are buried. The imposing statue of the Soviet Soldier is at the centre of the memorial.
The Secretariat of the European Communist Initiative in its statement-invitation for the events being organized in Berlin and in reference to the importance of the Great Antifascist Victory of the Peoples notes the following:
“On the 1st of May 1945, the red flag with the hammer and sickle, the flag of the Soviet Union, flew over the Reichstag. On the 9th of May, fascist Germany surrendered unconditionally. The victory was sealed in this way against the fascist imperialist bloc. The Red Army, the USSR played a decisive role in crushing it, with enormous losses and sacrifices for the liberation of the peoples.
The EU, the bourgeois classes in every country are attempting to delete this historical truth. They are seeking to rewrite history so that the lessons are erased which can today strengthen the struggle of the peoples. They are falsifying the history of the events of this period and are continuing the efforts to name the 9th of May as the “Day of Europe”, provocatively equating communism with the fascist monster. At the same time, the EU on the 6th of May will open the so-called “European House of History” in Brussels with the aim of making the historical falsification systematic, which has been poisoning working class and popular consciousness for a long time, targeting the youth in particular.
In the face of all this, we, the European Communist Initiative, are inspired and continue the struggle against the historical distortions of the EU-capital. For the overthrow of the rotten capitalist system that gives rise to crises, wars, fascism.”
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNIST BULLETIN #1

Monday, January 23, 2017

INTERNATIONAL COMMUNIST BULLETIN #1

23 January 2017.
https://communismgr.blogspot.com/2017/01/international-communist-bulletin-1.html
THE COMMUNIST PARTY, ITALY HELDS ITS SECOND NATIONAL CONGRESS. 
(Source: ICP) 
 
ROME – Italian communists gathered in the capital city of Rome for the Second National Congress of the Communist Party, Italy (PC). Communist Party, Italy (PC)  was founded in 2009 with the aim to be a leading Marxist-Leninist organisation of the peninsula and since then has defined itself with the ideas of Italian partisan and communist leader Pietro Secchia. On Sunday 22nd January, Italian communists gathered in the capital city of Rome for the Second National Congress of the Communist Party, Italy (PC).
 
The congress was attended by hundreds of Italian communists, along with the representatives of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE), the Workers’ Communist Party of Russia-Communist Party of the Soviet Union (RKRP-KPSS) and the Communist Party of Albania (PKS) as well as official delegations from the Embassy of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, the Embassy of the Republic of Cuba, the Embassy of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Communist Youth Front (Fronte della Gioventù Comunista). The congress thus opened with the commemoration of Fidel Castro, the founder and leader of the Cuban Revolution who passed away a couple of months ago, and the victims of the recent series of earthquakes in Central Italy. 
In his speech, the First Secretary (Segretario Nazionale) of the PC, Marco Rizzo pointed out the failures of the opportunist “left” across Europe, of which SYRIZA had already become an epitome. He also criticised the alliances forged by “eurocommunists” in Italy, as well as the “so-called anti-system forces” such as comedian Beppe Grillo’s “Five Star Movement” and reactionary rightists such as Matteo Salvini and Giorgia Meloni whose stance is “merely fluff, just to get a few more votes”. His criticism was picked up by the delegation of the KKE, who emphasised that the shortcomings of the “left-wing forces” that rose to power in Greece, Cyprus and Portugal showed that “the bourgeois state can’t be dismantled by electing a supposedly left-wing government in a capitalist framework” and that “such forces have thus executed policies which only served to save the capitalist system”.
Notably, both the present and former leaders of the Communist Youth Front spoke at the Congress. The former leader of the Communist Youth Front and member of the Central Committee of the PC, Alessandro Mustillo, underlined the “practical” needs of the party, whereas the current leader, Lorenzo Lang, emphasised on the cooperation between the PC and the Communist Youth Front.
The Communist Party (Turkey), along with the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE), the New Communist Party of Yugoslavia (NKPJ), the Union of Revolutionary Communists of France (URCF), the Pole of the Communist Rebirth in France (PRCF), the Socialist Labour Party of Croatia (SRP), the Algerian Party for Democracy and Socialism (PADS) and the Communist Party of Sweden (SKP), has hailed the Congress of the PC. 
* * * 
THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF TURKEY COMES BACK TO POLITICAL SCENE.
ISTANBUL- After a three-year break, today, the Communist Party of Turkey, or TKP is back to the political scene through a historical assembly in İstanbul with the participation of thousands of communists from all over Turkey and central committee members of several communist and worker’s parties of the World.
The political crisis in 2014 that led to division and suspension of the TKP came to the conclusion today through the will of thousands of communists. Following the appeal of the seven members of the TKP on December 27, 2016, and the declaration of the committee responsible for the continuity of the TKP, which was formed in 2014, thousands of communists from all over the country gathered in İstanbul. The historical assembly started with the speech of Yaşar Çelik, one of the seven members of the TKP who made the appeal for today’s assembly. 
 
Giorgos Marinos, the member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE), read the congratulatory statement of the KKE.
 
“In April 2016, while saluting you, we had stated that your party should take over the name that it deserves and it was the time to struggle as the Communist Party of Turkey, as the TKP, among its own people, and within the International Communist Movement. We salute this decision of the communists of Turkey and congratulate them,” said the statement. Marinos, underlining the strong relation between the TKP and the KKE that has been lasting for several years, also stated that ‘The relation between the TKP and the KKE is an example of an internationalist relation that is built up under very complicated conditions.  This relation is experienced by the guidance of the class interests, the union of the working classes of the two countries, the struggle for overthrowing the capitalism and building socialism-communism. The same thing is valid for our youth organizations the KG [Communist Youth] and KNE [Communist Youth of Greece].’
 
After the speech of Marinos, Alberto Gonzalez Casals took the floor on behalf of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC). Casals mentioned the importance of the return of the TKP to the political scene. Following the speech of Casals, İbrahim Bulut, the member of the committee responsible for the continuity of the TKP made a speech on behalf of the committee. He stated that, despite several problems, the committee has carried on the mission that it had undertaken with patience and honor.
 
“The committee, with the sense of responsibility, made an appeal in July 2016, considering the need for the Communist Party of Turkey of our country and the struggle for socialism, for the return of the TKP to the political scene. This appeal is welcome enthusiastically and supported by numerous comrades,” Bulut said.  Bulut explained and summarized the process since then and stated that the people who gather today show the will for the return of the TKP to the political scene. He said that the committee would be happy to delegate its responsibilities and powers that it has been shouldering for more than two and a half years to the council formed in the assembly.
 
Kaya Güvenç, another member of the council, following the speech of Bulut, stated that, along with the testimony of the committee, it is possible and legitimate for the assembly to take decisions.
 
Güvenç submitted the proposal to the TKP members in the assembly that the central committee members of the Communist Party (KP), Turkey form the central will of the TKP and these comrades take on the task of the Central Committee of the TKP until a congress to be organized in 2017. Following the approval of the proposal by the members of the TKP, Kemal Okuyan, First Secretary of the Central Committee of the KP,  was invited to take the floor on behalf of the Central Committee of the TKP.
 
Okuyan started his speech by the question of ‘What is the use of a communist party?’ and underlined the irreconcilability of the interests of the working class and the bourgeoisie, stating that the TKP has always abstained from that. Kemal Okuyan mentioned that a communist party ‘is the party that focuses on overthrowing the capitalist rule; the wise woman, the vanguard, the facilitator of this process’.
 
Drawing from the Soviet  and Cuban revolutions, which started with the leadership of parties and movements with limited number of people and overthrew the capitalist rule,  and contrasting them with the German Social Democratic Party at the beginning of the 20th century, which then attained high election scores but was no more a threat for the capitalist system,  Kemal Okuyan underlined the importance of sticking with the ultimate target of overthrowing capitalism.
 
34 communist and worker’s parties of the World sent support messages to the TKP.
 
* * * 
POLISH COMMUNIST LEADER MARIAN INDELAK DIED AT 90.
 
WARSAW- One of the founders and activist of the Communist Party of Poland, Marian Indelak passed away at the age of 90.
On 16th of January, Marian Indelak – one of the founders and activist of the Communist Party of Poland, persecuted for his political beliefs, passed away.
Marian Indelak was born on 25th of January 1927 in Dąbrowa Górnicza. Indelak started his political activism as a teenager, during the Second World War. He was working in F. Dzierzynski Foundry (now Bank Foundry) in Dąbrowa Górnicza. Marian Indelak was a member of the Combat Youth Movement, Polish Workers’ Party and Polish United Workers’ Party.
In 1990 he was among the founders of the Union of Polish Communists “Proletariat” and in 2002 of the Communist Party of Poland. For many years he was the secretary and treasurer of the CC and member of the editorial board of “Brzask” periodical.
Persecuted for communist activity. He was among four activists sentenced on 31st of March 2016 for his work in the periodical. He died several days before his 90th birthday and next court hearing on further proceedings during his trial.
The funeral for Marian Indelak took place on 20th of January in Dąbrowa Górnicza.
* * * 

WFTU FOR THE PLUNDERING OF THE EMPLOYEES PROVIDENT FUND IN SRI LANKA.

 
COLOMBO- On 19th January, 2017 , the Inter Company Employees Union held a giant Protest in Colombo, the Capital city of Sri Lanka, against the Ranil- Mithree bourgeois government for putting the Employees Provident Fund, the largest Social Security Fund in Sri Lanka, to danger and allowing the culprits to loot the money from the Fund. The Central Bank of Sri Lanka is the Trustee of this Fund but it has neglected its duty to protect the Money belong to People.
During last several months, the Central Bank of Sri Lanka has directed to buy treasury bonds from third party and the lost made by this irrational investment was nearly Rs. 15 000 millions. The EPF money had used to buy Treasury Bonds from the secondary market even there are provisions to buy bonds directly from the Central Bank.
The Union urged the government to take immediate steps to recover the lost from the culprits.
The World Federation of Trade Unions, representing 92 million workers, supports the struggles for the protection of the right of Social Security and the safeguarding of the Employees Provident Fund in order to be utilized in favor of the workers.